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Growing asparagus beans on a windowsill

Growing asparagus beans on a windowsill


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A small vegetable garden of asparagus beans will decorate your home and yield delicious pods

Generally on purpose grow beans at home on the windowsill I am not going. At the end of winter, in order to replenish the reserves of vitamins and microelements in the body, I use sprouts of various seeds for food - these are wheat, sunflowers, beans and peas.

Last year there was a good harvest of Fatima Curly Asparagus Beans and I decided to sprout them. I used some of the sprouted beans for food, and planted the remaining few sprouts in a flower container. However, I want to say right away that the land in the container was not quite ordinary. In the fall, I decided to conduct an experiment with earthworms. In a flower container (16x30 cm) she poured two parts of the land from the garden and one part of half-rotted manure, dug up a dozen earthworms in the garden and put them in this container, which she then transferred to the apartment and watered with water as needed. I was interested to know how earthworms will ennoble the earth. Three months later I checked how my charges are doing: they have grown considerably and even managed to multiply. In this land at the end of December I planted bean sprouts.

Since in my apartment only one window faces the sunny side, and in February it will already be occupied by seedlings, I put the container with beans on the north window. A couple of days later, the first shoots appeared from the ground. Beans grew surprisingly very quickly, much faster than in the vegetable garden. A month later, I had to pull on a string for support, along which the beans began to rise even faster. The first flowers appeared in mid-February.

Since the bean is a self-pollinating plant, after a while pods appeared. At the same time, I counted about 30 pods of different sizes. The first crop was taken on March 2 - 10 unripe shoulder blades, with a total weight of 100 grams.

The pods of this bean variety are very tender, without a coarse parchment layer and without fibers. They can be used to prepare both first courses, adding to soups and borscht, and second courses, adding them to an omelet or side dish. I immediately pampered my loved ones with an omelet with green asparagus beans. Now I harvest about the same harvest once a week. I remove the pods when they are still green and the grains have not yet formed. For all the time, I fed the beans with manure twice, one glass each. In the ground, in the garden, the Fatima variety of climbing beans reaches a height of three meters, and the yield per square meter is about 3 kg. On the windowsill, the beans grew a little more than a meter, but the yield in terms of 1 square meter of area was much higher. I think that my wards, earthworms, are to blame for this success. They tried so hard.

Beans are a short day plant, so they do not need additional lighting, and I also noticed that climbing beans are less demanding on lighting than bush varieties. Curly beans can be planted on a balcony or loggia in summer, even on the north side. Now the market offers many climbing bean varieties with white, red, purple flowers and colorful, very decorative pods. For example, Gerda beans usually have yellow pods, Matilda beans have purple pods, Turchanka beans have light green pods with a slight red streak; red beans (Turkish beans) of the Duchess variety bloom with bright red flowers, and the Blue Hilda asparagus beans have blue-violet pods.

I recommend to all townspeople who do not have garden and summer cottages, but have a love for green plants in their souls, to try to create the same mini-garden on the windowsill or on the loggia. Rejoice in the blooming of beautiful curly asparagus beans, and then indulge yourself with dishes from their delicious pods.

Tatiana Lybina, gardener, Zhezkazgan, Republic of Kazakhstan
Photo by the author


Place and soil

For a good crop of asparagus beans, set aside a sunny, windless area with loose, nutrient-rich soil. For northern areas, it is better to use sandy soil, as it warms up very quickly. If you want, you can make a warm bed for growing asparagus beans.

It is recommended to change the location annually, returning to its original place only after 3 years, since asparagus beans are vulnerable to anthracnose.

It is better to prepare a plot for growing asparagus beans in the fall, adding 20 g of potassium chloride and 30 g of superphosphate per 1 sq. M. For digging.

The best predecessors are cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes.

Planting asparagus beans

The time for planting is chosen independently based on the region, the main condition is the absence of return frosts. For the middle lane, this is approximately the second half of May. The active development of the plant takes place at an air temperature of 20-25 ° C, however, seedlings can appear if the soil temperature is 10-12 ° C.

Make a groove up to 5 cm deep, sprinkle wood ash, the plants will receive potassium from it, mix with the soil, water, when the water is absorbed, spread the asparagus beans at a distance of 10 cm from each other.The spacing of the rows is 40-60 cm.The first shoots appear after 7 -10 days.

If you planted a curly type of asparagus beans, then install a support 1.5-2 m long so that you can tie up the plants when the shoot releases an arrow. The bush type of beans reaches a height of 50 cm.

Asparagus beans are unpretentious and rather drought-resistant, but watering is one of the main care measures:

  • With insufficient soil moisture, the fruits are deformed and development proceeds slowly.
  • It is best to water it after sunset, at the root.
  • Remove weeds regularly and loosen the soil after each watering until the seedlings are at least 10 cm high.
  • Further, you can mulch the plantings with straw - this will greatly facilitate the care of the asparagus beans.

During the budding period, fertilize with mineral fertilizer.

For a curly type of asparagus beans, pinch the shoot at a height of 2-2.5 m, then fruiting will become more active.

Harvesting

Collect asparagus beans regularly according to the rule "the more often the better", so that new ovaries are formed, right up to the beginning of frost.

Asparagus bean ovaries are formed 2-3 weeks after flowering, which means that after another 10 days you can harvest the first crop. The length of the pods is 10-20 cm, depending on the type of beans. Asparagus beans are usually not massively harvested, only selectively, you may have to look at the garden every day.

Make sure that the fruit does not have time to harden. If you missed the moment, then do not rip, wait until the shutters are completely dry. Then dry it during the day and remove the seeds for planting next year.

Asparagus beans are stored fresh for a short time, so it is better to send them to freeze immediately.

Advice to the summer resident. Grow asparagus beans next to cucumbers, eggplants, pumpkins, i.e. those crops that need additional nitrogen. Because beans are also an invaluable green manure.

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So which variety of asparagus beans should you choose?

If you are not chasing external effects and first of all want to get a good harvest - pay attention to variety Green Giant... This is a liana (height up to 3 m), hung with long (up to 22 cm) and wide (2-3 cm) beans of light green color, which are distinguished by their impressive appearance and delicate taste. This is a fast growing (technical ripeness in 55 days after germination) and powerful plant needs strong and stable support, which will not be knocked down by its own weight or strong gusts of wind.

Also noteworthy is the mid-early (from germination to the technical ripeness of beans 65-70 days) asparagus variety Helda... Large curly beans (height up to 2-2.5 m) gives juicy fleshy long (20-25 cm) beans of light green color. The variety is not only very productive, but also not capricious - it adapts well to growing conditions.

Differs in abundant fruiting and excellent taste and mid-season variety The Snow Queen, the early variety possesses the same qualities Blue Lake, only its beans are slightly longer (14-16 cm) and have a dark green color. The vines of these plants grow no higher than 1.5 m, so the support for them can be made easier.

If you want to arrange a "fountain" of plants of cheerful bright colors on the garden bed - pay attention to the varieties of beans with yellow coloring of beans. This Golden Necklace is a fruitful, disease resistant and delicious variety. Beautiful and fruitful The lacemaker and Marina, but they ripen much later (it takes about three months from germination to technical ripeness). Therefore, among yellow beans, the championship in terms of timing is held not by a new, but very successful early ripening (50 days from germination to fruiting) variety Gerda.

The length of his shoots is 3 m, but the lower beans appear already at a height of 45-50 cm. And they are very cute: straight, long (20-30 cm), rounded, 2-3 cm in diameter. Matilda, Violetta or Bluhilda: together they look great: the rich purple color of their beans goes well with yellow.

Bluhilda - an early maturing unpretentious variety that gives excellent yields in any region. The height of tall vines reaches 3 m, juicy, flat-rounded beans grow up to 20-25 cm in length and up to 10-15 mm in width. Important: purple beans retain their beautiful color only on the shoots and raw, and when cooked they turn green, but yellow beans do not change color even after heat treatment.

Not preserved during cooking and variegated color Lambada (green with purple spots), Turkish women and Fatima (light green, with faint red strokes), but the taste of these asparagus beans will not disappoint. Will decorate the garden and powerful vines of an unpretentious variety Jimenez... Its beans are very noticeable - large (22-25 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide), flattened, green with dark red dots and strokes. Moreover, they are juicy, soft and very tasty.

Important: all varieties of asparagus beans are good not only at the stage of technical ripeness, until the shoulder blades are hardened, and the seeds are at the stage of milky-wax ripeness, but also in the biological stage, when the beans-beans, which also come in different colors and variegated colors, ripen.


Growing asparagus beans

The cultivation of asparagus beans in their summer cottages is becoming more and more widespread. Now, this is not the domain of large farms or exporters.
After all, earlier such beans could only be found in supermarket freezers. But it turned out that it is not difficult to grow such a miracle on your own. The main thing is to harvest on time!

Asparagus beans got their name from the word "asparagus", as they are very similar to the second in taste and cooking principle. It is also called "green beans", this name is more correct, and it can be seen on the packaging with this product. The main difference between such beans is that the pod leaves do not contain a parchment layer, so they can be eaten green.

When I was offered to grow asparagus beans on my site, I was skeptical at first. I didn't know so much about her at that time. I only saw her on TV, at cooking shows and in supermarkets among frozen overseas products.
From which, for some reason I concluded that growing asparagus beans in our latitudes is impossible. It's like trying to grow pineapples - so it seemed to me.
They objected to me, explaining that asparagus beans are similar to ordinary beans, you just need to pick off the pods when they are young, unripe. And I made up my mind.

Green beans are a thermophilic plant, but not too much. It is quite possible to sow it in the spring along with other mass plantings.
For example, if a potato plantation is planned for the May holidays, you can also sow asparagus beans at the same time. The main thing is that there were no more frosts. If you are afraid of sudden cold weather, wait until the earth warms up, at least to + 10 ° С.

I try to sow beans in May. I choose a bright, sunny place, as far as possible sheltered from strong winds.
The soil can be any: even acidic, even alkaline, you should not bother too much about this. But the additionally added potassium helps the plant develop well, so I pour wood ash into the hole with beans seeds.

The standard planting scheme: the distance between the plants is 10-15 cm, between the rows 40 cm. The depth of the hole is 4-5 cm. If the entrances are too thick, they will need to be thinned out.

But I came up with a different scheme. The fact is that the shoots of curly asparagus beans are very heavy, so choosing a vertical support for them is a task "to think". I found a way out.

On the garden bed, I build wigwams from thick maple sticks 2 - 4 cm thick, 2 m high. The diameter of the base of the structure is 0.8 - 1 m. You can take as many sticks as you want, I use 4 - 5 pieces. I tie them up with a tight rope. The design is stable and fun. Passers-by turn their heads with interest.

Around the base of each support, I make 4 holes 5 cm deep in a circle from it. I dig a hole a little deeper, add half a handful of wood ash and mix with the soil. I pour a mug of water and wait for it to be absorbed.
Then I throw 2 seeds into the hole - grains of early-maturing asparagus beans in order to have time to enjoy this wonderful product to the fullest before the onset of freezing. Late varieties in our region simply will not ripen without greenhouse conditions.

Seedlings appear in about a week.

Caring for asparagus beans does not require any complicated tricks. You need to water in moderation when you see that the earth is dry. The difficulty is that its roots are almost superficial, they are at a depth of 15 - 25 cm. If the summer is very hot, the soil dries out to a great depth, the plantings must be watered, preferably at the very root.

Until the seedlings grow at least 10 cm in height, the bed must be weeded and loosened after each rain and watering. When the entrances stretch out, it is better to mulch the plantings. So we will keep moisture in the ground and get rid of stubborn weeds.

When the shoots are old enough to release a curly arrow, I gently point it towards the stick. During the night, she herself begins to twist around the support. In principle, the shoots themselves can find support, this happens quite often, but it is better to direct it a little - it is safer this way.

Important! Depending on the variety, the fruiting of green beans begins at different times. If the variety is early maturing, the first harvest will be in 40 - 50 days after germination. If mid-early - after 60 - 70 days. Medium - 70 - 80 days. Medium late - 90 - 100 days. Late - 110 - 130 days.

About 40 days after germination, early asparagus beans begin to bloom. After another 15 - 20 days, ovaries appear. After another 10 days, you can begin to selectively harvest the beans and eat them.

Top dressing can be done with cow dung in two ways: combined with irrigation, dissolving 1:10 humus in water, or spreading rotted manure over mulch to rot.

When the shoots reach 2.5 m in height, I pinch them to speed up fruiting and direct all the forces of the plant to the development of the pods.

Important! It is necessary to pluck the pods of asparagus beans in a state of milky ripeness, young and juicy, while they have not yet hardened. Depending on the variety, the pods can be 10 - 20 cm long, and the grains inside are no more than wheat.It should be collected selectively and constantly checked, maybe today some individuals have reached the desired condition.

The hardened pods are no longer suitable for consumption, so if you missed the pick, leave them for seeds.

Regular removal of pods stimulates the appearance of more and more new ovaries. Therefore, do not regret - rip off. The more you pick, the more and longer your beans will bear fruit. The last fruits can be harvested just before the frost.

Important! Another important piece of advice. Asparagus beans are an amazing green manure, and simply: the plant is a helper. Its roots pull up and convert nitrogen from the soil, which nearby crops can feed on.

Joint plantings are the ideal solution in this case. So that the free space does not go to waste, another crop can be sown inside the support circle, which will not be interfered with by overgrown beans.
For example, pumpkin and cucumber. They will grow up together. And by the time the beans grow, the pumpkin will shoot an arrow, and its green mass will already be far beyond our wigwam. On the sides of the supports, you can plant not only cucumbers, pumpkins, but also eggplants, peppers, cabbage, which need additional nitrogen for high-quality development.

It is necessary to collect asparagus beans constantly throughout the growing season. We use it in salads, vegetable stews, some meat dishes and cook soups with it. Asparagus beans are rich in numerous nutrients: Vitamins A, B, C, E, minerals magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, trace elements - zinc, sulfur, copper, as well as folic acid and easily digestible protein.
Fresh green beans are stored for a short time.

To preserve the beans for the winter, they need to be frozen.
For convenience, I immediately cut the pods into pieces of the required size and put them in the freezer drawer. When you take out something to cook, you just need to rinse it with water.

The pods, which were left on the seeds, are cut off after they have fully ripened, when the valves are completely dry. It is advisable to dry them a little during the day. Then we dry out the grains. It is recommended to store grains for seeds at a temperature of +5 - +6 ° С, i.e. on the bottom shelf in the refrigerator. But I store them in a dry place in a heated room with all the other seeds.
There have been no problems with germination yet.

As you can see, growing asparagus beans is no more difficult than our daily tasks at a summer cottage. No special hassle is required, but in return you can get an excellent dietary product with high-quality protein, which is in no way inferior in nutritional properties to meat products. And other plants in the bean garden will only say "thank you" for such a pleasant neighborhood. So, grow for health!


Planting process: timing, layout and depth

It is possible to plant asparagus beans in open ground when the possibility of frost is definitely excluded. Beans are usually planted in May-June, but here it all depends on the temperature - it should be at least + 20 ° C.

First you need to prepare the pits. Their depth is from 4 to 6 cm.The distance between the holes in a row should preferably be about 10 cm, and between rows - from 30 cm. If the beans are climbing varieties, then the gap between the plants should be larger - 35-40 cm, so that there is room for the support.

To give the plant more potassium, you can pour wood ash into the holes before planting. Usually 3-4 beans are planted in one hole, and when shoots appear (after 7-10 days), one strongest is left.

When the seeds are planted, they are watered and covered with soil. For quick germination, you can also sprinkle it with humus on top.

To save space when growing curly asparagus beans, gardeners come up with some tricks. Some build a "wigwam" from tree branches and plant seeds around it.

Others sow the plant around a large sturdy post in a checkerboard pattern in several circles so that each sprout can "grab" the post in its place.


How to grow asparagus beans in your vegetable garden

Legumes are not for nothing that they occupy one of the first places among vegetables in terms of the level of benefits that they bring to the human body. Legumes combine a whole storehouse of vitamins, micro- and macroelements, and also contain an easily assimilated vegetable protein. In terms of their nutritional value, legumes are three times higher than meat, but in comparison with animal protein, they are more easily absorbed by the body and do not disturb metabolism. That is why gardeners always grow this vegetable on their site.

A special place among the representatives of legumes is occupied by asparagus beans. In foreign countries, asparagus beans are grown by gardeners much more often than green beans. In our country, the situation is the opposite, and at the moment, asparagus beans are not so widespread. But this is completely in vain.


Types and varieties

The main types are curly and bush beans. If you have a small plot, and you want to plant a whole plantation of beans, feel free to plant curly. In other cases, in my opinion, the bush is better.

You can find a large assortment of different types and varieties of beans in our catalog, which combines the offers of many large garden online stores. Select bean seeds.

It's not that I recommend the described varieties, I cite them like this, for general development. The fact is that I ... yes, I have no idea what kinds of beans we grow)).

'Sachs'

Early maturing, asparagus, without fiber. I tried this variety in winter salads - it's very tasty.


Beans variety 'Saksa'

'Pink'

Excellent mid-season high-yielding curly beans.


Beans variety 'Pink'

'White flat'

A wonderful variety of climbing early-maturing high-yielding beans.


Beans variety 'White flat'

The beans are fiery red. It is called so, I think, by the color of the flowers. This is a loach, which is often planted even for decorative purposes.


Fiery red beans

Also especially popular are such hybrids as 'Yubileinaya 287', 'Pervomayskaya', 'Kharkovskaya belosemyannaya D-45', 'Dokuchaevskaya' and others.

Perhaps that's all. I hope this information was of interest to you. And even if it is useful, then I will be simply delighted =)) Do you like beans?

Discussion in our group on VKontakte:



And what is yours now?
Vera Romanina:
I always plant it in the vacant place after harvesting the garlic - the harvest is no worse.
Valentina Razmochaeva: Vera, is it coming out? is it too late?
Vera Romanina: Valentine, no, but everything depends on the climate, of course, our autumn is usually warm
Valentina Razmochaeva: Vera, we are also very warm - the south of the Voronezh region, I'll try after the potatoes too, after a couple of days dig an early one into the cellar
Vera Romanina: Valentine, try it - it grows quickly, usually in September I collect
Natalia Rebrova: We already bloom in Finland
Igor Gorov: I'm not sure if I can harvest. slugs eat my beans
Zoya Popova: I only had two leaves on the weekend, then it rains, then it is cold, she did not climb out)
Photo Borisova: I planted for the first time! I was very happy when she ascended! But thanks to the neighboring cats, I have three sprouts left! Let's see how many pods they give
Elena Perfilova: I didn’t plant it, but it’s clear from the neighbors that it is all “burning”, the leaves are dried up. Our heat is unbearable. Rostov region.
Lyubov Malakhova: The first photo: leguminous, the second - the usual red.


Natalia Pashkova: I plant) grows normally. But it does not mature. Collect green and freeze with pods
Alexandra Kolomenskaya: Kolomna. I plant, this year for the first time I planted it on the street, I have already braided the trellis and bloomed. Planted without seedlings, immediately in the garden, not all came out, but for half a bed of 5 sprouts on both sides of the trellis is more than enough))) Curls aggressively
Agnes Polishchuk: I don't even try ... But peas grow and ripen well ... Murmansk. )
Valentina Protsenko: Ukraine, Cherkasy, 2018. How do you like this option - Scarlett Runner Bean beans (large beans, dark purple color)? Grown up? Recommend!
Last season, I managed to grow excellent beans for vinaigrette, very tasty and fruitful.

You can participate in the discussion by going to the page in our group on vKontakte.


Watch the video: 9 Herbs You Can Grow In Water Over And Over Again For Endless Supply


Comments:

  1. Amikam

    I'm sorry, nothing I can not help you. But I am sure you will find the right solution. Don't despair.

  2. Guljul

    In my opinion, this is an interesting question, I will take part in the discussion. Together we can come to the right answer.

  3. Fitz

    that it is?

  4. Unika

    What arises from this?



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