Coleria is an unpretentious houseplant with beautiful flowers
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An unpretentious houseplant with spectacular flowers and decorative velvety green leaves - fluffy koleria. According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign Aries (March 21 - April 20) corresponds to the following plants: echmea sparkling and striped; spurge brilliant; garden geranium (with red and dark pink flowers); Indian and Japanese azalea (with red and pink flowers); gusmania reed; dwarf pomegranate; royal begonia; coleria fluffy.
Coleria (Kohleria) from the Gesneriaceae family is a perennial herb with a small scaly rhizome, erect unbranched pubescent shoots and opposite leaves of a broad-oval shape, pointed at the apex.
Its foliage is covered with burgundy velvety hairs, which are most noticeable on young leaves. Bright tubular flowers (up to 5 cm long) are also pubescent and vaguely resemble digitalis. The corolla tube is slightly curved and droops downward. At the apex, the corolla divides into five rounded lobes with white dots or streaks on the petals and fauces. Flowers, single or 2-3, are located on the axillary peduncle. A pistil and stamens hang over the entrance to the flower.
Of the available fifty types of coleria, they are grown in room conditions foxglove color (K. digitaliflora Fritsch.), pleasant color (K. amabilis Hook.), but more often - fluffy color (K. eriantha Hanst.) and Bogotan color (K.bogotensis)... They all come from the monsoon equatorial forests of Colombia.
The first species is a plant with straight, lodging shoots with age (up to 80 cm high), with opposite ovoid-oblong light green leaves (12-15 cm long, 7-8 cm wide). Flowers have a bell-shaped corolla with a tube 3-5 cm long, swollen from below, narrower to the throat, and a wide-open limb with 5 obtuse lobes. The whole plant is densely pubescent with spaced white hairs.
The second type of coleria differs from the previous one in shorter growth and in wide, ovoid leaves, silvery-green, brownish-purple along the veins, and in smaller (tube length 2 cm) bright pink flowers with crimson specks on the limb.
The sizes of the plants of the fluffy coleria are close to foxglove. Unlike the two previous species, it is characterized by dark green velvety leaves with reddish pubescence along the edge and below along the veins and orange-red flowers (up to 5 cm long) with yellow dots on the lower lobes of the limb.
Coleria Bogota has stems up to 20 cm high, leaves are dark, brownish-green with light veins, flowers (up to 2 cm long) are crimson-red with white dots or strokes on the petals and throat.
Coleria is generally unpretentious when grown in apartments. For summer maintenance, she is given a warm place (18 ... 22 ° C) with good illumination (with light shading from direct sunlight); it develops normally under artificial lighting. Although the plant loves high air humidity (but is able to adapt to relatively dry conditions), spraying its pubescent leaves is not recommended, as water droplets leave ugly spots on them. For this reason, the container with a flower can be placed on a pallet with moistened stones.
Water the plant with moderately soft, slightly warm water. The soil should be moist all the time (they do not allow it to dry out or stagnate water in the pan). Some growers, calculating the height and volume of soil in the pot, water the plant through a tray. At the end of flowering, in the fall, watering is gradually reduced.
Coleria is a plant with a pronounced dormant period. Therefore, by November, appropriate conditions of detention are created for her.At this time, a room with a temperature of 14 ... 15 ° C is suitable for her, extremely rare watering is needed, while leaves are not allowed to completely fall off. In the spring, with the beginning of the development of shoots, watering is gradually increased.
With good care, the plant develops quite quickly, therefore, annually in the spring (ideally in March), experts advise transplanting it with simultaneous division of the rhizome. When using fresh fertile soil, fertilizing the plant is not required.
Colorado fluffy is propagated by apical cuttings and by dividing the rhizome during transplantation. For greater effectiveness and the formation of a beautiful bush, 2-3 rhizomes are planted in each pot (to a depth of 1.5-3 cm); watered very carefully until new shoots appear.
For reproduction in the second way, the apical stalk is cut from the aerial part and rooted in the ground at a slight slope, covering from above with a glass jar. A soil substrate is used, consisting of leafy soil, high-moor peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1 with the addition of a small amount of mullein and a highly soluble phosphorus fertilizer.
Spider mites, aphids and whiteflies may appear from harmful insects on koleria. At high humidity of the soil substrate and low air temperature, there is a risk of damage to the root system by rot.
Alexander Lazarev, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher, All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Pushkin
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The most persistent Spartans are unpretentious indoor plants
Not all of us, even not imagining a comfortable life without green pets, can afford to grow dozens of species of various indoor plants. Indeed, in order for even the most modest cultures to please both with health and attractiveness, they need to pay attention and find time in a busy schedule of work and household chores. And those who, due to their duty, often travel, even dream of a full-fledged collection of plants. But among indoor crops there are also "Spartans" - unpretentious indoor plants, which, thanks to their natural adaptability to the most severe conditions, easily adapt to an unstable regime and forgive the shortcomings of care. Such plants will be able to grow even those who do not have even one extra minute.
Houseplants.© Christina Kayser Onsgaard
Endurance, unpretentiousness and other characteristics of indoor "Spartans"
The most hardy, unpretentious and persistent indoor plants are called "Spartans" for a reason. They are proven, reliable companions that will show off and feel great in an environment in which most of their brethren will quickly wither away. These plants are united by the ability to endure droughts, not die after missed watering and put up with any care regimen.
We can say that it is not we who pamper the plants, but they us, responding with gratitude with attractive foliage and an original look even to the most modest attention. There is also an important common feature: all indoor plants from the group of hardy favorites belong to decorative deciduous crops, and only a few of them are capable of blooming at least somewhat attractively in indoor conditions.
The most persistent indoor plants should be chosen not only if you have no time to take care of systematic, scrupulous care. Such unpretentious cultures are a real find for anyone who:
- wants to add green accents to the interior without burdening household chores
- just getting acquainted with indoor floriculture and trying himself in a new hobby.
- wants to involve children in caring for green favorites.
Houseplants. © dragfepic
The best of the best undemanding plants
The basis of the group of so-called "Spartans" is made up of crops belonging to succulents - capable of accumulating moisture in the roots, stems or leaves of a plant. Even the most modest succulents are characterized by bizarre appearance and unusual growth patterns. But the assortment of unpretentious indoor plants is not limited only to succulents. These include the most hardy and unpretentious of indoor decorative deciduous crops, which will perfectly fit into the company "vodozapasatily".
The best indoor plants that can grow with minimal maintenance and forgive our miscalculations include crops such as:
- Crassula, often referred to as a fat woman
- "Shoemaker's palm" aspidistra
- rubber ficus
Other cultures are worth paying attention to. There are "Spartans" among the palms (dracaena, monstera) and among tropical cultures (epipremium and philodendron).
Top 7 unpretentious indoor plants
1. Zamioculcas - fashionable but hardy
Zamioculcas (Zamioculcas) Is a stately, spectacular and today a super popular indoor handsome man. This unpretentious representative of the Aroid family today is rightfully considered one of the most fashionable plants. Zamioculcas conquers with the compactness and beauty of its leaves. Interesting patterns make the base color even more attractive.
Thick stalks accentuate the beauty of the shiny lobes of feathery leaves, and the plant itself seems both elegant and austere at the same time. In room culture, zamiokulukas is limited to 80 cm in height.
Even with poor care, if the plant sheds its leaves due to a prolonged drought, it will quickly release new shoots and recover when normal care is resumed. It tolerates drought, is thermophilic, tolerates partial shade and bright sun.
Ivy (Hedera). © Malagahosteleria
2. Ivy - the first "Spartan" among lianas
Even in room culture ivy lives up to its garden reputation as a virtually invulnerable, unpretentious and ultra-hardy plant. He is magnificent both on supports, and in the ability to create green sculptures, and as an ampel or draper of green walls. It is a spectacular liana with flexible shoots capable of rooting in places of contact with the soil, fast-growing and surprisingly hardy.
Ivy has many varieties - both with classic dark green leaves, and with a variety of borders and patterns on the leaf plates. But the main advantage of ivy is not variety at all.This spectacular and flexible climbing vine is a true lover of shade, which does not lose the ability to adapt to both bright and poor lighting (although variegated varieties lose their characteristic color in the shade).
It is better to grow ivy with stable soil moisture, but it is not afraid of omissions in care and recovers well even after extreme conditions.
3. Heart-shaped leaves of the universal epipremium
Epipremnum (epipremnum), better known under the name scindapsus as well as ivy, it boasts versatility. It twists beautifully over supports, but is not as good at filling large spaces as ivy. But in the ampels, the beauty of its foliage is fully revealed. It is especially effective when grown on sticks, stakes, vertical central support, along which it rises upward like a column and on various shelves.
Unpretentious epipremnum can be grown both in bright light and in partial shade. It tolerates a haircut well, allows the use of long-lasting fertilizers and is not afraid of droughts.
Sansevieria. © Plezir magazin
4. New rise of sansevieria
The houseplant, in our country known as a pike's tail, or as a mother-in-law's tongue, has survived the present era of oblivion. But thanks to trends in interior design and the active introduction of Western trends towards an unpretentious sansevieria (sansevieria) today, everyone's attention is once again riveted. It is the ideal culture for landscaping offices and modern interiors.
Large elongated leaves, similar to swords or swords, are so tough that they do not lose their shape even in extreme drought. Beautiful variegated varieties with a wide variety of patterns and edges have long supplanted the classic green-leaved sansevieria. And the ability to form bushes similar to dense sod, to release new shoots tirelessly, makes sansevieria an almost indispensable modern indoor plant.
It is no coincidence that Sansevieria is considered a miracle capable of enduring even serious violations in care. It is a succulent plant capable of adapting to the driest soils. Sansevieria can be grown in water and is great for hydroponics.
Spathiphyllum, or Spathiphyllum "Picasso" (Spathiphyllum ‘Picasso’). © Han Keat Lim
5. Spathiphyllum - almost calla, but not quite
Pulp is also considered to be Spartans - a culture known all over the world under a botanical name. spathiphyllum (spathiphyllum). It is a plant with beautiful, rosette leaves on long cuttings and very attractive flowering.
The flowers themselves, collected in yellowish-lime inflorescences-cobs, are inconspicuous. But the white bedspread, which resembles calla lilies in shape, but completely different in texture, looks very impressive. This is one of the few unpretentious flowering crops that can withstand extreme conditions and careless maintenance.
This houseplant can be classified as shade-tolerant, adapting well to lighting of varying intensities. Spathiphyllums do not require special care. The plant blooms without any stimulation, and in normal lighting it blooms almost all year round. They need top dressing only once a month, and otherwise it is unpretentious. True, in order for the flowering to be continuous, it is better not to allow the earthen coma to completely dry out.
Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbia tirucalli). © Uređenje doma
6. A succulent plant with a twist - an unusual indoor spurge
Euphorbia, both in the garden and in the room culture, belong to the most unpretentious plants. But one of the types - spurge Tirucalli (euphorbia tirucalli) - even his fellows are able to outshine in endurance. But still, his spectacular appearance is considered his main pride.
In this succulent, the leaves are almost invisible - modified, they are not visible on the shoots. It is the “twigs” of the milkweed Tirucalli that are the most attractive part of the plant: thin, dense, fleshy, similar to sticks or pencils, bright in color, they branch like cacti and form bizarre graphic silhouettes.
This is a thermophilic plant that does not tolerate temperatures below 15 degrees, which loves occasional watering.
Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum). © Achieve Homes
7. Air outlets and the amazing tenacity of chlorophytum
Always great chlorophytum (Chlorophytum).Long shoots-whips, bearing daughter rosettes of plants, spectacular "bunches" of leaves of the mother bush and a bright palette of variegated varieties do not diminish the ability of chlorophytum to look great and grow actively in almost any circumstances.
Chlorophytums feel great in the shade and partial shade, and in the brightest sun. And he is not at all afraid of missed watering or not too fertile soil. And the ability to almost constantly propagate a plant, replacing old crops with new rosettes rooted in water, expands the possibilities to almost limitless.
And desert stars ...
In the rating of the most hardy and unpretentious indoor plants, it is impossible not to mention cacti. These desert stars, which have become the hallmark of all succulent cultures, have become famous for their undemandingness. They can survive for a very long time in almost complete dryness and require rare feeding.
Minimum comfort - maximum impact
In order for the most persistent and unpretentious indoor plants to delight us with their beauty, grow almost without any intervention and adapt to any care features, they need to be provided with the minimum comfortable conditions - the illumination that matches their habits (for most cultures, a fairly light or at least partial shade location).
Lighting is the only parameter that is really vital for such plants. And in order to find the optimal lighting, you should pay special attention to the selection of the location. Place the plant in different places and observe it, change the brighter sun to partial shade of different intensities until you find the optimal mode.
It is better to check the ability of the plant to endure drought. Some plants can only tolerate 1-2 waterings, others, for example, bokarnea, aloe and echeveria, can survive without watering even for 7-14 days, before leaving the plant for a long time without attention, it is better to check how it reacts on skipping watering and whether it tolerates prolonged drought.
For all unpretentious indoor plants, with the exception of cacti, it is better to use long-acting fertilizers. And cacti and succulents, for which top dressing is rarely applied, will not burden your life with anything: top dressing is applied to the water for irrigation with special fertilizers at long intervals (about 1 time per month).
Unpretentious ones also need attention
It should be understood that when we talk about the fact that cultures can withstand almost any conditions, we are not talking about criminal negligence and extreme neglect. If you miss watering, do it late, delay feeding, the plants will not be affected. But if you completely forget about them for a month, then even the most persistent indoor plants will suffer.
And as with any houseplant, the more attention and the more careful the care, the more attractive the plants look. If you provide them with minimal care, the "Spartans" will surely surprise you with their capabilities.
In order to see a flowering plant on your windowsill, you should apply the subtleties of cultivation. Everyone loves beautiful flowers. A rare plant requires special adherence to conditions. The subtleties of growing most classes of plants are the same. In the above selection, the editors intended to state a few secrets to avoid mistakes when growing an exotic flower. We recommend that you understand in order to determine the correct actions, to which group your flower is assigned.
Plants with decorative leaves will brighten your garden
Ornamental plants with beautiful leaves are extremely unpretentious. They can be planted in an uninhabited corner or in a shady place, on a sunny rocky hill. Ground cover plants, can grow on alpine slides. Light stripes, spots and highlights against the background of green leaves are often found in ornamental plants. Having plants with different leaf colors, you can combine them in different ways.You can pick up plants to match. Garden decor is a must-have for modern garden design.
Hosta is the most popular of the ornamental plants. She has a lot of varieties, among them fringed, with white or yellow highlights, striped and spotted. The shape and color of the leaves is so varied that if you plant only the hosta, you can achieve interesting color combinations. The Blue Moon variety has a characteristic waxy coating that gives the leaves a blue tint. It is good to plant golden yellow hosts next to blue bushes. You can alternate variegated and monochromatic varieties, with smooth and wavy leaves. Marmorata and Beatrice are spotted varieties, but they are still rare. There are low, dwarf varieties and true hosts - giants, up to 1.5 m high. The hosts are unpretentious, but will grow faster on loose and moist soil. The color of the leaves depends on the amount of light. In shady areas, more green appears in the leaves. In the sun, the plants are brighter, although they do not grow as luxuriantly as in partial shade.
Byzantine chisel stands out for its silvery-gray color and fluffy soft leaves. Against the background of smooth berry foliage, they look especially interesting. For reproduction, divide the mother plant or break off the cuttings. They are rooted in the soil, the stems can rot in the water. Peduncles are regularly cut, which makes the bush more decorative. The gray velvet leaves turn dark from the rain. To prevent dirty splashes from falling on the leaves, the soil around the bush is mulched with needles, bark or small pebbles.
Sedum / sedum /. There are many types of sedum plants in gardens. This is a whole group of plants. Most of them are perfect for mini - rock gardens. It is only necessary to remember about the tendency of these cultures to grow rapidly. The color of the flowers and the shape of the inflorescences of different species are very different. Stonecrops can be found with white, yellow, purple and pinkish flowers. Decorative fleshy leaves adapted to hot, dry conditions. The rest of the plants vary in height, appearance and flowering period. Any well-drained garden soil is suitable for stonecrop. It grows beautifully both in the sun and in partial shade. This unpretentious plant, capable of growing even on stones, does not require special care. Stonecrop propagates by dividing bushes, seeds and cuttings. Dividing bushes and rooting cuttings can be done in spring or autumn. Seeds can also be sown in spring or before winter. Growing sedum in your garden, you can give it a special sophisticated look. With its help, you can disguise the impartial details of buildings or garden life, as well as fill empty plots of land with noble plants, which will create a feeling of completeness and well-groomed.
Badan is a perennial evergreen, low herb with a thick, relatively long, branchy creeping rhizome. Badan is prized for its large shiny leaves and white, pink flowers on strong crimson legs. From early spring, they decorate the flower bed. In October, the leaves will take on a bronze tint and add a touch of autumnal charm to the garden. Over the years, the berry grows, its stems become bare, the bushes require transplantation. In places of fracture, the rhizome should be sprinkled with ash or grated charcoal. Iris, hosta, fern are suitable for a company with badan. In the foreground, you can put the Byzantine purse. In such a composition of green plants, the emphasis is on the texture and shape of the leaves.
Rejuvenated / stone rose / Currently there are many different varieties with attractive rosette colors. It is an evergreen, usually frost-resistant perennial with fleshy leaves of various colors, covered with white cilia and collected in even spherical rosettes. Original thick peduncles rise above the rosettes. The peduncle of the young is tall and decorated with large pink, yellowish or lilac-red asterisks of flowers. Rejuvenated is an ideal plant for alpine slides.It can also be used for curbs. These plants bloom in mid-summer, June-July, but they grow it mainly because of the spectacular rosettes of leaves. Faded rosettes dry up and are replaced by lateral daughter rosettes.
There are several varieties of this plant. The rejuvenated roofing reaches a height of 7 cm, blooms with mauve flowers. The rejuvenated cobweb forms original medium-sized rosettes covered with dense white cobwebs. The rejuvenated scion blooms with greenish yellow flowers. The height of the shoot with an inflorescence is 15-20 cm. There are also hybrid varieties with a spectacular ruby and bronze-red color of the leaves.
It grows best on sandy, well-drained soils in a sunny location. In partial shade, with excessive moisture, the rosettes become loose, which reduces decorativeness. On humus-rich soils, the leaves become thicker and the rosettes are larger, but the plant blooms less often. On poor soils and the burning sun, the rosettes become shallow, and the tips of the leaves turn red. Propagated young by planting young non-flowering rosettes in a greenhouse. Young plants are planted according to the scheme 15 X 15 cm. Already in the first summer, baby balls form in the leaf axils. As soon as the babies grow up, they roll off the mother plant and take root where they landed, with the help of white air filaments - roots. Thus, the rejuvenated creates a dense, fleshy carpet.
Periwinkle variegated Alba - Variegata. Its small leaves with white highlights are the first to appear after the snow. This evergreen perennial can be propagated very quickly. Cuttings take root in the soil, so that they take root, you only need regular watering. As a ground cover plant, periwinkle is indispensable in the shade, but abundant flowering will be only in the sun. White or blue flowers bloom gradually, from early June to mid-August. Light lashes of periwinkle are especially good against the background of dark burgundy leaves, for example, the Thunberg barberry or heuchera.
Sugar lump - a native of the forest. The leaves appear to be splattered with white paint. They are unpretentious and winter-hardy. Lungwort grows well in shady areas. The leaves are dark green, in white rounded spots, even in the shade, they attract attention. Many varieties come from the sugar lamb, with different colors of leaves, edged, gray-green or silver with small specks. They bloom in white, pink and purple flowers.
Brunner. On the light background of the leaf, there is a dark green pattern of veins or clear silvery spots. Brunner reproduces by root suckers and quickly assimilates space. In the shade under the trees, she has no equal. In early spring, large leaves cover the ground and prevent weeds from growing. The Dawson White brunner is especially good, it is able to ennoble any abandoned corner. Its powerful leaves with a wide white border brighten a shady place, visually expanding the space. In May, all Brunners bloom with forget-me-nots. These flowers do not last long, all the charm is in large and beautiful leaves.
The creeping insect is a unique plant that adapts to any habitat. Propagated by root shoots that germinate even in crevices between stones. With sufficient humidity, it quickly forms dense pictorial rugs. Varieties of the tenacious from the Multicolor series are distinguished by a rich palette of colors. The leaves contain simultaneously pink, crimson, green and beige shades. Roelty is the darkest of all. Leaves are solid, almost black. In combination with light colored flowers, this variety looks very impressive.
Geichera will add new colors to the garden. It is a hardy perennial. The Regina variety is painted with a dark pattern of veins on the silver background of the leaf. Geykhera blood-red is green and dark-burgundy, and its flowers are bright red. Interesting varieties with pink, yellow and orange shades.A variety that is painted in a dark purple color, and when the sun falls on the plant, the leaves gleam with a red-burgundy light. It grows in the open sun or in the shade, in sand or dense clay. In fertile soil, with regular watering, Heuchera will reveal its best qualities. The leaves will become larger and brighter, and the flowering will last longer. White, pink or crimson flowers are collected from heuchera in loose brushes. On an adult plant, several peduncles form an air cloud that hovers over the rosette of leaves for 1.5 to 2 months.
Loose loaf looks like a bright sunny island. Wild loosestrife blooms profusely with golden flowers. The Aureo cultivar has round yellow leaves that look like small gold coins. Dark-colored geykhera and golden monotonous loosestrife will give a bright contrasting composition. Or plant a variety of creeping tenacious with dark leaves and lilac-raspberry stains next to the burgundy geyhera.
When planting plants with decorative leaves, you need to consider not only the color, but also the size. Periwinkle should not be planted next to badan. This mighty perennial will outshine the small periwinkle with its glossy sheen. All attention will be focused on the big leaves of bergenia and the beautiful periwinkle will be completely lost. All plants are readily available. In every garden there is an abandoned area or corner where you can plant plants with beautiful leaves and your garden will be transformed. Source: http://www.florets.ru
DIY garden decor
When decorating and designing the landscape design of a garden or just a land plot, there are a lot of opportunities for organizing, implementing and improving it. There are even more possibilities here than in interior design. In this article "DIY garden decor" we will look at simple but interesting ways to decorate the site, as well as provide step-by-step photos showing in detail each stage of the work.
And we will start by creating artificial boulder stones. The stone always looks original and attractive, especially when it is a huge boulder, as if from a fairy tale (which stood at the fork of three roads). But where can you find a similar stone? And most importantly, how to deliver it to your site? This is not an easy question, so we propose to create such a boulder yourself. For we need:
First, a wire mesh frame is made. Then it is filled with bags and foam to reduce the consumption of cement (after all, this is a decorative stone). Next, prepare a cement solution, make it "dry" enough so that it does not all fall into the frame. The solution is placed in small cakes on the frame of the future stone, and then, after the first "cake" layer has grabbed, you can make a more liquid mixture and apply the second layer - smoother and smoother, creating roughness, depressions and bumps with your hands. After that, the stone is wrapped in a plastic film and left to dry, after drying, the bottom of the boulder is cemented.
There is also an easier and less costly way to make a decorative boulder stone. I'll take a stuffed frame and a piece of burlap. The burlap is dipped and impregnated with cement mortar and wrapped around the frame. On top it is still lightly coated with cement and wrapped in a film to dry.
If you want to make a vertical stone, use a fine wire mesh for the frame - this way, it will hold well both by itself and by the weight of the cement.
Now let's move on to the bird baths. In one of our articles, we showed how the paths are decorated with leaves made of cement, here is a similar technique.
A large leaf of rhubarb is taken, a pile of sand is poured, and the leaf is placed on top. Next, a cement mortar is prepared and the sheet is covered with it on top. We are waiting for the cement to set enough to tear off the green leaf. After complete drying, it can be painted over.
Now let's see how a vertical flowerbed is created and at the same time a drinking bowl for birds.For her you will need:
The reinforcement rod is stuck into the ground, and pots are placed on top through the drain hole and immediately filled with earth. The composition is completed with a drinking cup for birds (also optional). Flowers of your choice are planted in pots.
Garden decor: fun plot design ideas
What makes a garden plot unique and memorable? Notorious gardeners will say that these are rare varieties of flowers that have turned out to be grown in flower beds. jack of all trades will assume that this is a unique irrigation system that they managed to assemble and install on their site. But there is one feature that will make the site unique - this is the decor for the garden, often made by hand and bearing a piece of the author, his attitude to life.
Agree, the process of creating a new "masterpiece" with your own hands pacifies and inspires new creative experiments. And the site, ennobled with various decorations, looks incredibly comfortable, it is here that you want to come back again and again, relax here with your body and soul. We invite you to plunge into the world of serenity and beauty - after taking a look at the photos of various ideas, you will definitely note for yourself several decor options for the summer cottage and garden that you want to bring to life on your own plot.
Decor of paths and paths on the site
Garden paths are something that, in principle, you can do without, but they add comfort to moving around the garden and at the same time ennoble it. Someone prefers to simply concrete the paths, someone likes more creative ideas for decorating paths.
But even if you are inclined towards concreting, then you can be creative in this process and end up with concrete paths in which the paving elements look like huge leaves or like hearts. To cast such tiles, you will need special forms that can be purchased in specialized stores. But some craftsmen have adapted a silicone cake mold for this business. If you decide to go this way, then get ready for the fact that such tiles dry long enough, you will be able to pour no more than one piece per day. Therefore, you either need to be patient or buy more molds. By the way, such a decor for the garden can even be made in color, for this you will need to saturate each tile with a coloring composition.
Hit parade of ideas for the garden, or Country decor for a solid top five
In their desire to make their own plot unique and memorable, notorious gardeners spend more than half of their summer vacation breeding rare varieties of flowers, and skilled gardeners in every possible way are sophisticated in order to boast of a unique hand-assembled irrigation system to their neighbors. At the same time, many of us overlook the easiest way to make a personal plot interesting - this is a do-it-yourself garden decor. which carries a piece of the author's soul and characterizes the owner's attitude to the dacha.
The process of hand-made creation has a positive effect on the development of fantasy inherent in each person, inspiring new creative experiments. Another advantage of self-registration of a summer cottage is the use of old, long-forgotten things, most of which are waiting to be sent on their "last journey" to the attic or to the garbage pit. Consequently, large costs in this matter will not be needed, which will be especially pleasant for owners of summer cottages with a middle income level to learn. In any case, we can say unequivocally that even the most modern design of flower beds and flower beds. ennobled with decorations of its own authorship, it will look modern and incredibly cozy.
postroika.biz/ we offer you to plunge into the world of beauty and serenity by familiarizing yourself with the rating "Top 5" of decor for the garden with your own hands, compiled by the authors of the site, the options of which you can easily bring to life in the country or the territory of a country house.
- 1st place. Stones.
- 2nd place.Plastic bottles.
- 3rd place. Stumps and driftwood.
- 4th place. Old furniture.
- 5th place. Pots and other containers.
1st place. Stones.
Surely someone else remembers from childhood a horror story that the stones in the garden are trolls. which turn into these very stones with the first rays of the sun. Why not make friends with them by settling on your own plot? The stones themselves are an amazing decorative element for any suburban exterior. If the landscape of the territory is decorated in an Asian style, you can build something "philosophical" from large boulders, surprising your friends with your own "rock garden". A little paint - and the stunning garden sculpture is ready! Painted stone figurines will create a special good-natured atmosphere, whether it is a cat lazily sitting on a path, cheerful frogs by a pond or a family of ladybugs warming up in the sun.
2nd place. Plastic bottles.
If each of us, instead of throwing away the plastic bottle, saves it, then not only our generally small planet will become cleaner, but each summer cottage will acquire a beautiful and useful decoration for its garden, and its owners will be more pleasant to live there. Collecting them in sufficient quantities today will not be difficult. But it will be much more interesting to give them a second life! Plastic bottles are a versatile material for implementing various ideas in the garden. These are wonderful fences and fences, and flower pots, and an amazing carport, and interesting garden figures, and funny sculptures, etc.
3rd place. Stumps and driftwood.
Roots, driftwood and stumps of the most bizarre forms are a symbol of the unity of the energy of a tree, earth and human imagination. More recently, a special term "rutaria", derived from the English "root" - a root, has appeared in landscape design to define an infield with a design from the roots of a tree. In the center of the rutaria composition, parts of the tree are always located: dry branches, driftwood, roots, stumps, and they are complemented by numerous plants, stones or other home decor items for the garden. It is better to treat wood elements with special agents that protect them from decay and insects.
4th place. Old furniture.
Old cabinets, beds or chairs prepared for recycling can become a stylish decoration of the garden. So a wobbly and leaky old chest of drawers can serve as a wonderful flower bed for several more seasons, if flowers are planted in its chaotically opened drawers, or vases with seedlings are placed there. A wrought-iron bed painted white or silver without a mattress will become an amazingly beautiful fence on a flower garden. Chairs, pedestals and shelves in the summer will play the role of coasters for pots and other elements of garden decoration.
5th place. Pots and other containers.
With the help of various containers, pots and containers, you can also decorate your summer cottage garden or patio with your own hands. Old watering cans will find their use for a long time if you put cut, bright flowers that distract the eye in them. Galvanized pots and buckets make graceful bases for bushy plants and dwarf trees. And such a family "heirloom", like a large teapot, will look very original as a flower vase.
So, using the most common objects and showing creative thinking and imagination in creating a decor for the garden with your own hands, you can independently arrange a cozy dacha corner - and a simple rest from the bustle of the city here will turn into frequent meetings with friends and loved ones, surrounded by cozy "masterpieces" of your own production.
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Bryophyllum is a lush growing indoor “ginseng”
Bryophyllum (lat. Bryophyllum) is a genus of plants of the fatty family. Often the name Bryophyllum Salisb. include in synonymy of the genus Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe). These are erect succulent shrubs or shrubs up to 1-2 m in height, sometimes climbing or creeping, up to 6-8 m long. Homeland is the island of Madagascar, where 27 species of this genus live. They grow on dry stony soils at an altitude of up to 2,450 m above sea level, often along roads, near dwellings.
In the greenhouse-room culture, two types are common. Our most famous species are Bryophyllum Daigremontianum and Bryophyllum tubiilorum. Both species have thin, high (up to 1 m), erect stems, woody at the base. The very name “bryophyllum” speaks for itself: “brio” in Greek means “to grow luxuriantly”, “phylum” means a leaf. Means a lushly growing leaf on which many new plants grow. In Bryophyllum tubus, young plants are formed only at the tips of thickened cylindrical leaves.
Bryophyllum Degremon has carved leaves, fleshy, dark green with pink-purple streaks on the underside, elongated-triangular in shape with jagged edges. In tubular bryophyllum - cylindrical, covered with brown spots. Inflorescences are branched, up to 30 cm high, bell-shaped flowers, drooping, 1.5-2 cm in length, purple, with a pink tint. The fruit is a multi-seeded leaflet.
Bryophyllums are typical short-day plants; they rarely bloom under our conditions of prolonged light (in the summer months). If they bloom, then, as a rule, in spring or autumn, when the daylight hours are short. The flowers are tubular, drooping, white-greenish or pink. But the amazing ability to live birth more than compensates for the weakening of flowering.
It is impossible to calculate how many plants one mother's organism can produce in its entire life. No wonder the great German poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe (not only a poet, but also an outstanding naturalist, above all a botanist), amazed at the amazing vitality of this plant, wrote: “Just as new shoots grow from one single leaf a thousandfold, so in one single love you can draw everything new and new happiness ”. And in 1826, when he sent a cutting of this plant to his friend, he accompanied it with the following verses:
What will only sprout in Saxony, will grow briskly on the Maine. In a short time, the bud will sprout. Young plants are built to the sun by a crowd, In the measure of moisture and heat, and there are no numbers of shoots. Your care will be good. It will certainly bloom. (Translation by N.V. Starostin)
If the plants that have grown from brood buds do not fall off the leaves, then on the third pair of leaves in the new plants, in turn, third generation buds are formed. If, having fallen from the plant, the sprouted buds find favorable conditions for growth, they strengthen, begin to grow rapidly and soon become lush and beautiful.
Up to 25-30 large buds are born on one leaf, and up to 40 on large leaves. This feature of the bryophyllum to form ready-made plants on unopened leaves (right on the bush) gave rise to the name of viviparous among the people. Bryophyllum is also called “indoor ginseng” for the medicinal properties of the juice.
Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi is distinguished by its graceful appearance with delicate grayish-blue leaves - obtuse-oval, with small notches at the top. It grows, forming dense bushes of rising stems, from which numerous pinkish aerial roots extend downward. There is a form with white spots on the leaves, and some leaves are even pure white.
For normal growth of bryophyllum, a bright, sunny place, abundant watering in summer, moderate in winter, a soil mixture of leafy, soddy soil and sand (1: 1: 0.5) are needed. The sand should be coarse. Bryophyllum is decorative only at a young age, therefore, as they grow, they must be renewed from leaf buds or cuttings.
Varieties of the genus "Briofillum"
Bryophyllum or Bryophyllum is a herbaceous, semi-shrub or shrub plant belonging to the Tolstyankov family. It is characterized by the ability to form new specimens at the edges of its leaves. With a light touch, the babies are separated from the mother plant, quickly take root and form young shoots. This feature was the reason why most scientists recognized Bryophyllum as an independent genus that emerged from the Kalanchoe and numbers about 25 species. However, many growers continue to call the popular plant in the old way.
Translated from Greek, Bryophyllum is a lushly growing leaf. The plant is distinguished by an abundance of fleshy leaves of various shapes and colors on an erect stem. They can be elongated, lanceolate, oval, with or without denticles, matte and glossy, simple in shape and complex feathery. The bred varieties delight fans with unusual colors, mainly with a reddish tint.
In the spring, the plant develops tall peduncles with bright pink, purple or light red small four-membered bells. The unpretentious Bryophyllum grows beautifully on a balcony, veranda or garden throughout the warm season.
For growing Bryophyllum, containers are used that match the size of the root coma. The plant does not require transplanting. It is recommended to carry it out once every two to three years. In addition, liquid mineral fertilizer for cacti and succulents should be applied every two weeks.
Diseases and pests:
Bryophyllum is known for medicinal properties
Bryophyllum Degremona (Bryophyllum daigremontianum)
Bryophyllum (Latin Bryophyllum) is a succulent plant from the jersey family. About twenty-five species are known, most of which grow in their natural environment in Madagascar. Bryophyllum is widely recognized as a herb with medicinal properties. Its juice is used for burns, frostbite, for wound healing.
Most species of bryophyllum are short, almost non-branching plants with succulent leaves. The plant blooms very abundantly and often, in addition, it is decorative-leaved. Bryophyllum leaves, depending on the species, can be oval or elongated, with jagged edges, usually pinnate. The color of the foliage is dark green with characteristic red or brown spots. It blooms with tubular flowers of lilac or pink shades.
Flowering bryophyllum tubiform
The plant reproduces in the same way as the Kalanchoe varieties. brood buds appearing at the edges of the leaves. When the wind blows or shakes, the children fall off and take root in two or three days.
Indoor conditions, the following types of bryophyllum are most often grown:
- Bryophyllum Bouvard (Bryophyllum beauverdii) - this species grows in ampelous form, the length of the shoots is up to 60 centimeters. The leaves are dark green to brown, very narrow. It blooms with almost black flowers with purple spots.
- Bryophyllum daigremontianum (Bryophyllum daigremontianum) - very large pink or purple flowers. The leaves are dark green underside matte. At the edges of the leaves, an openwork border of children is formed.
- Bryophyllum Fedchenko (Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi) - gray leaves, the plant branches strongly and forms aerial roots. It blooms in all shades of yellow and orange.
- Bryophyllum tubiflorum (Bryophyllum tubiflorum) - leaves with spotty edges are collected in small rosettes. It blooms with bright red large flowers.
Caring for all types of bryophyllum is not too difficult. Plants require moderate watering, reduced in winter. Top dressing during the growth of the plant with fertilizers for cactus. The illumination for the flower is diffuse, preferably bright, but it can grow in partial shade.
Brief characteristics of the plant
Bryophyllum belongs to the fatty family. His homeland is the island of Madagascar.
In indoor floriculture, the following types of plants are common:
- bryophyllum Degremona - the most common type in indoor floriculture. It has a straight, semi-lignified stem, the height of which ranges from 50 cm to 1 m. Coarsely serrated, fleshy, lanceolate leaves are attached to the stem under a slight slope. Their edges are bent towards the inner side of the leaf, which is covered with brown spots. This type of bryophyllum blooms with yellow-pink elongated flowers, collected in small inflorescences
- calyx-shaped bryophyllum has an interesting flower color, two upper petals of which are greenish, and four lower curved ones have a reddish tint
- tubular bryophyllum - the plant has a light green stem with darker spots, on which there are few leaves bent towards the inner side. Brownish flowers appear in winter.
The plant prefers partial shade.
Top dressing is required once a month.
For normal development, the plant needs a warm room with good natural light. In winter, he is allowed to rest at temperatures no higher than 12-13 ° C.
Bryophyllum is an unpretentious plant. It is enough to water it once a week, preventing the earthen coma from drying out.
During the growing season, it is advisable to feed the plant with flower fertilizers every two weeks.
In an adult plant, aerial roots, first white and later brown, may appear on the stem. For transplanting bryophyllum, it is better to use low, wide pots with an earthen mixture prepared from four parts of leaf, two parts of clay-turf, two parts of compost soil and one part of sand.
Bryophyllum is propagated by daughter plants, which are formed in large quantities along the edges of the leaves of an adult specimen, or by cuttings.
Pests and diseases
The main pests are aphids. mealybug and thrips. If the room where the bryophyllum is located is very humid and cold, then gray rot may appear on it.
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Photo gallery: indoor flowers photos and names
Indoor flowers and photos with the names of the most popular types of potted plants and flowers are presented on our floricultural website. Beautiful photos and pictures will allow you to more fully immerse yourself in the blooming world, which always attracts us with its diversity and beauty.
|Orchids||Hippeastrum||Fruit Plants||Ismene, hymenokallis|
|Dracula Orchid||Makodes Petola||Ophris the Much-bearing||Pelargonium / geranium /|
|Plectrantus||Clivia||Saintpaulia / violet /||Echeveria|
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Decorative deciduous indoor plants
Decorative deciduous indoor plants are also called green flowers, although many of them fascinate us with the unusual color of their leaves. In the design of the house, decorative leafy indoor plants will become dominant, because they give a feeling of harmony and peace. Colored leaves will create a mood, bring a touch of fun and will delight you for a long time, unlike flowering indoor plants.
Flowering indoor plants
Orchids are decorative flowering plants that have been allocated to a special group. Orchids are perennial herbaceous plants. Orchids are appreciated not only for the unusual and beautiful flowers of various colors and shades, but also for the fact that many orchids bloom mainly in the winter months.
Indoor orchids are precious flowers, rare and valuable. Throughout the year you will find an ever wider selection of orchids in flower shops, enchanting us with their numerous and persistent flowers. Indoor orchids are an exceptional creation of nature. The family of orchids, numbering one hundred thousand species and varieties, is now considered the richest and most diverse in nature.
The most useful indoor plants (10 photos)
Since ancient times, man has felt his inseparable connection with nature. He not only took pleasure in inhaling the scent of foliage and the scent of flowers, but also felt a surge of vigor and strength. Since ancient times, people have known that many plants are capable of healing, and turned to them for help.
Therefore, a person intuitively sought to transfer a piece of living nature to his home. And in our time, scientists have found that many indoor plants, which decorate apartments and offices, perform the function of "cleaners" of the air.
They not only saturate the atmosphere of the room with oxygen, but also get rid of many pathogenic microorganisms. In addition, the volatile substances emitted by them have a beneficial effect on the human body, and some of them are capable of neutralizing harmful substances and radiation.
One of the most beneficial indoor plants is Chlorophytum. To purify the air in a room with an area of about 20 square meters, 6 plant specimens are enough.
Chlorophytum leaves have the ability to absorb toxic substances emitted by synthetic finishing materials, as well as those contained in gas combustion products - formaldehydes, sulfur and nitrogen compounds. Therefore, this plant will be very appropriate both in the kitchen with a gas stove and in the living room.
Common ivy, spathiphyllium, dracaena, chamedorea also have the ability to absorb formaldehyde and other toxic substances. Hamedorea (Chamaedorea) is especially recommended for houses located near highways, as it neutralizes the fumes of harmful substances contained in exhaust gases - benzene, trichlorethylene.
The same function is performed by the ficus (Ficus).In addition to saturating the air with oxygen, humidifying and purifying it from toxins, it releases phytoncides that suppress the vital activity of microorganisms. The gloss of its leaves retains a lot of dust, and when washing or wiping the leaves, it is easily removed. Since the ficus produces oxygen in the daytime, and absorbs it at night, it is not recommended to put a pot with this plant in the bedroom, and even more so in the nursery. Its ideal habitat is a kitchen or rooms with windows overlooking the industrial area or the highway.
The unpretentious plant Sansevieria, popularly called "mother-in-law's tongue" or "snake skin", can rightfully be considered an oxygen generator. Sansevieria helps the human body adapt to changing conditions, increasing its immunity. Thus, it protects against colds, reduces the harmful effects of changes in atmospheric pressure, temperature and humidity. It also protects against toxins released by synthetics and linoleum.
Geranium (Pelargonium), or Pelargonium. performs the function of a "home doctor" for functional disorders of the nervous system. Geranium aroma relieves nervous tension, helps with insomnia, neurosis, stress, as well as cancer. The substance released by it, geraniol, has an antiviral and antibacterial effect, kills viruses of staphylococci and streptococci. And also pelargonium seems to "suck out" carbon monoxide and dampness, frightens off flies, and refreshes stagnant air. Therefore, in addition to the bedroom, it is well suited for the kitchen.
Indoor lemon (Citrus × limon) is valuable not only for its fruit. Its leaves, which are the source of 85 medicinal substances, sterilize the air. In the room where the lemon grows, disease-causing organisms stop multiplying. Essential oils of leaves of lemon, orange, grapefruit, muraya, orange and other citrus fruits can lower high blood pressure, give a feeling of vigor and improve overall health, and increase brain activity.
The well-known aloe (Aloe) among many nations is famous for its healing properties, such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, choleretic, wound healing, and as a remedy for burns. And its juice also helps to improve appetite, enhance the secretion of the digestive tract and normalize digestion, increase the protective functions of the body, accelerate recovery processes in case of tissue damage. It turns out that he gives off oxygen at night, so he belongs in the bedroom.
In the presence of chronic diseases, asparagus is indispensable. By its presence, it helps to accelerate the healing of bone fractures and damage to the skin, improve skin elasticity. It is useful for various lung diseases, as it strengthens the lungs. Asparagus is harmful to many disease-causing bacteria. In addition, it absorbs heavy metals from the air.
For people suffering from chronic bronchitis, emphysema, bronchial asthma, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, you just need to plant medicinal rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) in your home, phytoncides of which are a therapeutic therapy for these diseases.
Myrtle and euonymus, eucalyptus and kalanchoe, thanks to their antibacterial properties, help to increase immunity and prevent the development of colds. Groups of 4-5 of these plants have an effective effect even at a distance of about 1.5 - 2 meters from them.
Conifers, philodendron, syngonium have cleansing properties. peperomia, ever-flowering begonia, pinnate epipremnum, nephrolepis, tradescantia.
Scientists have found that from phytoncides secreted by dracaena, amaryllis, hypeastrum agapanthus, ziferanthes, some strains of bacteria die faster than from garlic.
Experts recommend chlorophytum, ivy, aloe and sansevieria as effective air purifiers, and for one person they recommend having 10 plants of crested chlorophytum, 4 geraniums each, one lemon, philodendron or other lianas, several cacti.
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Translated from Latin, the name means "always blooming". This is indeed the case. Begonia loves light, but direct sunlight should be avoided for healthy growth. The plant perfectly exists in dampness, but does not need special spraying, as well as daily watering. It is enough just to pour water into the sump. At the time of flowering, the plant needs fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
Paphiopedilum - Paphiopedilum
Paphiopedilum: the magic slipper
Until the phalaenopsis began its triumphant march among lovers of indoor floriculture, papiopedilum was one of the most popular orchids in their collections. Until now, looking at this amazing flower, one can easily guess its name: bam-slipper or lady's slipper. Probably, the flower shape in papiopedilum is one of the most original and resembles an elegant women's shoe. It is impossible not to admire!
It is known that any orchid flower has 3 main sepal petals: one upper and 2 lower lateral ones.In papiopedilum, the lower petals are not always visible, in many species they grow together and are invisible from the front. The top two side petals are called petals. In papiopedilum, these petals are more often elongated, but sometimes they are also round. The reproductive organs of the flower (stamens, column and stigma) are united in a column, which is the hallmark of all orchids. But the most interesting thing about the flower is the lip, the lower middle petal, which looks like a small pouch or cup. In fact, it is a landing site for insects. The upper sepal protects the lip from rain drops.
The genus papiopedilum has been known to flower growers since the 19th century (it was then that the first hybrids were bred) and originates from Southeast Asia: its representatives are distributed from the mountainous regions of South India to the lowland regions of the Philippines. Accordingly, mountains are the habitat of some species (the so-called lithophytes), they grow right on the stones. Other species are ground-based. Finally, a small part of this genus of orchids are epitphites, that is, they grow on trees.
Interspecific differences are expressed in the type of flowering. One-flowered species are rightfully considered the most beautiful and spectacular. In these orchids, one flower blooms on one peduncle, which can reach very large sizes, sometimes up to 17 cm. Flowering lasts about 1-3 months. An example is the Maudi hybrid papiopedilum, species P. delenatii, P.concolor... Other hybrids created at the present time are classified as multi-flowered, in which several (sometimes up to six) flowers are located on the peduncles at once, flowering lasts up to three months in total. For example, Deperli - hybrid P.delenatii and P.primulinum... Finally, of particular interest are the "revolving" species, in which flowers bloom one after another: first one, from the bud of which the next is formed, and so on up to 30 pieces or more. Flowering can last up to two years, 1-2 flowers can be opened at the same time, each flower lasts about months. This group includes the famous Pinocchio varieties (hybrids P.glaucophyllum and P.primulinum).
A feature of papiopedilum, unlike phalaenopsis, is that this orchid is sympodial, that is, each rosette gives out a peduncle only once, after which it never blooms again. There is also an underground "stem" - a rhizome, which is most often shortened. Only in some species is it long enough, and such plants will need bulky dishes.
According to the peculiarities of care, pafiopedilum is compared with saintpaulias, it requires approximately similar conditions and the same amount of attention. However, different types differ significantly in requirements, so their content can be very different. Most often, orchids of this genus are divided into 2 large groups: thermophilic with spotty leaves and multi-flowered, for example, the famous Pafiopedilum Maudi (ideal for beginners). It is believed that these orchids are close to Cattleya in terms of keeping principles. The second group is green-leaved, mountainous, including one-flowered, which prefer a cool content, they grow well in a company with cymbidiums.
Hybrid pafiopedilum Maudi (Paphiopedilum Maudiae).
Created in 1900 in England by crossing species P.callosum and P.lawrenceanum
Libourne hybrid (Paphiopedilum Leyburnense) obtained by crossing P.spicerianum and P.Leeanum
The duration of flowering is different depending on the belonging to a particular group. Most often it lasts from November to March, but it can come at different times. Many modern hybrids bloom two or more times each year. Rest usually falls in the middle of summer.
In order to ensure the beginning of flowering, reduce watering and provide a relatively cool content. For example, at the end of February, you can not water papiopedilum for several weeks and ensure the night temperature is not higher than + 15 ° C, it should be about 3-6 ° C lower than the night one, so in spring and autumn you can keep it on the balcony. For orchids with spotted leaves, a period of winter dormancy with reduced watering and low temperatures is especially important. If it is not provided, the plant, in general, may not bloom. At the end of flowering, the peduncles are cut to the level of the leaves.
Pafiopedilum is magnificent (Paphiopedilum superbiens).
Inhabitant of the tropical rainforests of central Sumatra.
Occurs at an altitude of 600 to 1200 m
Paphiopedilum does not require bright light, on the contrary, the lighting should be moderate enough (if we talk about exact values, about 8500-10500 lux). The ideal window for placing a Venus shoe is the east one. Shading may be required for the western window. On the southern window, it is necessary, otherwise burns and general oppression of the plant may occur. In general, it is believed that the same lighting is required for the phiopedilum as for the Usambara violets. If the leaves turn reddish, then the lighting is obviously too strong.
Nevertheless, in winter, according to most gardeners, supplementary lighting with fluorescent lamps 12-14 hours a day is very useful, since otherwise the plant becomes weakened and blooms worse.
Pafiopedilum Catch (Paphiopedilum lowii)
It is quite difficult for papiopedilum to develop an optimal irrigation system; insufficient or excessive moisture is equally harmful for it. It can be said unequivocally that the same watering regime is not suitable as for phalaenopsis and some other orchids. The fact is that papiopedilum does not have thick, powerful leaves and there are no pseudobulbs where moisture reserves could be stored. Its roots are thick and "hairy", so they are very sensitive and can easily be injured. The roots of the Venus shoe should never dry out completely, that is, the substrate should be moistened all the time. The required watering frequency will of course depend on the type of substrate. Especially you should monitor the watering of orchids growing in a substrate from the bark, as it dries out very quickly, and for its subsequent moistening, you will need to immerse the pot in water for a long time. Some growers recommend that beginners place a stick in the substrate, which you periodically take out and taste the moisture with your finger, immersing it in the substrate.
In general, in summer, in warm weather, it is necessary to water the plant from 2-3 times a week to once every 5 days. In winter, watering should be much more rare: once a week or less. However, it all depends on the air temperature: if it is high in winter, of course, and watering should be more frequent. Also in summer: the hotter it is, the more frequent the humidification should be.
However, too frequent watering can lead to harmful consequences: rotting of root systems is especially dangerous when watering in cool conditions.
An important rule is to water the orchid in the morning so that by the evening it is completely dry, especially the aerial part: not a drop of water should remain on the leaves and especially in their axils in order to avoid possible problems with fungal and bacterial diseases. Also, if water gets into the center of the outlet, it is advisable to blot it with a napkin. Often the lady's slipper is watered by immersion, but it is worth making sure that all the water subsequently flows out of the pot.
The quality of the water is very important for the orchid; you cannot use it directly from the tap. In this case, the leaves will become dull, perhaps their tips will even be brown, young rosettes may turn yellow. Therefore, it is necessary to purify the water using a reverse osmosis filter or even boil it. Sometimes clean rainwater is used. Some soften the water with oxalic acid or peat, but this is not required for calciophilic species.
Paphiopedilum Clair de lune.
Hybrid varieties Emerald and Alma gevaertrecorded by Sanders in 1927
Since the root systems and leaves do not store enough nutrients, feeding papiopedilum should be quite frequent: after about every third to fifth watering. Some people use foliar dressing by spraying the leaves with a weak solution of fertilizers.
It is believed that the fertilizer for the Venus shoe should contain an increased amount of nitrogen (30:10:20), however, complex dressings with the same ratio of macronutrients are also used. The concentration of the solution should be at least 2 times lower than the recommended one, too high dosages of fertilizers have a detrimental effect on the state of the plant. In winter, with a cool content, the flower almost does not need fertilizing, they should be rare (about once a month) and preferably on the clearest days.
To prevent excessive accumulation of salts in the substrate, it is helpful to rinse it regularly. Experienced flower growers recommend bathing the plant in a bath about once a month, carefully spilling the entire substrate.
Paphiopedilum Harold koopowitz.
This hybrid is obtained by crossing species P.malipoense and P.rothschildianum.
Named after American breeder Harold Kupwitz
Paphiopedilum requires high air humidity (about 45-70%). However, most experts advise not to spray the plant, water droplets can stimulate the development of fungal infections and the appearance of spots on the leaves. Also, the ingress of moisture on the flowers causes them to quickly fall off.
Most often, a lady's slipper is placed in a pan with wet expanded clay, but the bottom of the pot should not touch the surface of the water in the pan, you can even place the pot on an inverted saucer. High humidity levels can be created with special humidifiers.
It is especially important to increase the humidity of the air if the flower is kept in conditions of abnormally high temperatures in summer and with the heating turned on in winter.
As mentioned above, the temperature requirement for papiopedilum is different. Simple green-leaved orchids prefer a temperature range of + 10-25 ° C, and a minimum winter temperature of + 10-13 ° C. Variegated forms, as a rule, require a warmer content, a minimum night temperature of + 18 ° C and a daytime temperature of + 20-30 ° C, combined with high humidity. Do not place the plant near an open window or radiator.
In winter, for most species, a slight decrease in temperature (up to + 18-20 ° C) and a reduction in watering are beneficial, which contributes to the laying of flower buds.
For papiopedilum, a substrate similar to that used for phalaenopsis is suitable. Using coniferous bark (pine or spruce) or coconut chips for orchids is very suitable. Add sphagnum, perlite, charcoal, lump peat. Particular attention is paid to the substrate for calciophils: dolomite flour and lime stones are added to it before planting.
Some flower growers (T. Vykhnych in the magazine Popular Orchids, No. 2, 2011) use a substrate consisting of two parts of bark, one part of expanded clay and one part of charcoal.
Most flower growers recommend transplanting pafiopedilum after flowering about every one and a half to three years. A transplant is necessary due to the fact that the substrate can deteriorate, become saline.
When transplanting, it is necessary to examine the root system, remove rotten roots with sterile tools, sprinkle the sections with crushed coal. Before placing in the substrate, the bark must be soaked to keep it moist.
It is more preferable for a plastic opaque pot, since the soil dries out much faster in ceramic.
You should not select a pot that is too large, the dishes should be such that the roots fit into it "back to back", otherwise the flower will grow for a long time without flowering. Most often, it is recommended to transplant into the same pot from which the plant was extracted. The denser the placement and the more outlets in the pot, the better the flowering will be. Pafiopedilum should be seated only if it has many outlets. The plant itself tolerates the transplanting process relatively easily.It is useful to regularly, about once every six months, gently remove the plant from the pot in order to assess the condition and quality of the substrate.
However, you should not often disturb the plant, as you can injure the roots. One way or another, about two weeks after transplantation, papiopedilum needs moderate watering, it is not fed, it is placed in a relatively shaded place, providing an opportunity to adapt and restore the root system. If at the same time the separation was carried out, it is recommended to spray the plant only. As soon as growth is outlined, it can be transferred to normal conditions of detention.
It is very important not to deepen the plant unnecessarily when transplanting. However, you do not need to plant it too high, you should not tamp the substrate too much. The base of each rosette must be level with the surface of the substrate for the roots to grow deeper. Care must be taken not to accidentally bury the outlet in the substrate when transplanting, as this will lead to decay.
Flowering papiopedilum Harold koopowitz
Although this species is quite resistant to diseases, among its pests should be distinguished: spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, scale insects.
The most common problems with growing papiopedilum are fungal infections, which can be treated with antifungal treatments.
- Sometimes the leaves of an orchid become darker, and the flowers quickly fall off, this may indicate a lack of fertilizer
- If the new leaves become smaller and smaller, this indicates a lack of nitrogen in the substrate, too warm content or too much sunlight.
- When the plant sheds buds and spots appear on the leaves, this is a sign of bacterial rot. To prevent its occurrence, it is important to ventilate
- Decay of the root system is most often indicated by wilting of the leaves. In this case, an urgent transplant is required with the removal of rotten root areas.
- Mold on leaves is usually caused by gray mold
- Sunlight can cause dry spots on leaves
- If the plant stops blooming, one of the reasons may be insufficient lighting.
- If the lower old leaves fall off the flower, then do not worry. This is a normal phenomenon that occurs as the plant matures.
Obviously, papiopedilum was not so widespread and did not occupy the shelves of flower shops due to the difficulties of its reproduction. It is not propagated by the meristem method under industrial conditions, and seed reproduction is quite long and not very effective.
At home, papiopedilum is propagated by dividing the sockets.
However, in no case should you divide the plant if it consists of a small number of outlets. In each new division, there should be at least two of them, and in order for it to bloom in the foreseeable future, it is best to have three sockets. If you purchased a piece from a single outlet from a collector, then there will be very big problems with its rooting and survival.
A large and powerful bush can be divided during transplantation, but if it consists of a small number of outlets, then you should not plant them.
Paphiopedilum is not toxic to humans and pets.
It is advisable not to leave the plant unattended if you are leaving for more than a week.
Used materials from the magazine "Home Flowers"
Paphiopedilum - Paphiopedilum is located 195 place in the rating of recommendations and has the following qualities:
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