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Photo of Clevia Cinnabar, the Beautiful and Gardena

Photo of Clevia Cinnabar, the Beautiful and Gardena


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Photos of indoor plants Published: June 18, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Briefly about leaving

Does not like direct sunlight, light is needed diffused. In summer and spring, the temperature is maintained at 21-23 degrees, from mid-autumn it is lowered to 14, and when the peduncle begins to appear, it is raised to 20. Water the clivia at home a couple of days after the soil dries on the surface, do not water it during the dormant period. It is not necessary to spray the clivia.

The plant is fed alternately with organic and mineral fertilizers 2 times a month from March to the end of summer. After the end of flowering, the peduncle must be cut off. The dormant period lasts a couple of months from October. Clivia is propagated by offspring or seeds. Transplanted if needed.

Read more about cleavage care

Photos of popular species

Clivia the lovely and Gardena, cinnabar.

In the photo: Clivia gardenii / Clivia Gardena

In the photo: Clivia gardenii / Clivia Gardena

In the photo: Clivia gardenii / Clivia Gardena

In the photo: Clivia gardenii / Clivia Gardena

In the photo: Clivia gardenii / Clivia Gardena

In the photo: Clivia gardenii / Clivia Gardena

In the photo: Clivia miniata / cinnabar clivia

In the photo: Clivia miniata / cinnabar clivia

In the photo: Clivia nobilis / beautiful clivia

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Amaryllidaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Plants on K Photos of plants


Clivia: businesslike and venomous, beautiful, but can be dangerous

Clivia is rightfully ranked among the most beautiful flowers. Queen Victoria named this plant after one of her duchesses. There is also another name - kaffir lily. Outward simplicity in the presence of bright inflorescences makes the gaze stop. Beauty is not the only virtue of a flower. At home in South Africa, residents use clivia as a medicine for fever, as a pain reliever for women in labor, and also weaken the effect of poison after being attacked by snakes. Some signs and superstitions are even associated with this amazing flower, so much attention is riveted on it.

Clivia is a flower that is known a lot, and those who want to enjoy its beauty should pay attention to home care and varieties in order to choose the most suitable one.


General information about Clivia

If this plant is grown at home, then the flower mainly begins to bloom in the month of February, or at the very beginning of March. If the plant is healthy and large, then it can bloom several times a year.

  • The leaves of Clivia are slightly iridescent in appearance, that is, they have a certain shine, have a dark green color and are beautiful, no less than flowers. The leaves are thickened at the base and are very close to each other, therefore they resemble a bulb, they are located on the rhizome itself.
  • As for Clivia, it differs from other plants of the amaryllis family, and it lies in the fact that the clivia flower does not have real bulbs. The roots of this plant species appear juicy and fleshy as they store water and nutrients.
  • The clivia plant is unpretentious, does not require a lot of light and humid air, so this type of plant grows well and blooms on windows that are located on the east, west and north side.
    Basically, it is good to grow “Cinnabar Klivia”, “Noble” or “Beautiful” Klivia at home. As for "Clivia Cinnabar", it has another name such as "Vallotta Cinnabar".

This type of plant is very often used for medicinal purposes. As for medicines, the rhizome, roots and leaves of Clivia are used for these purposes. For example, rhizomes are used by the inhabitants of Zulu for such a disease as fever, and rhizomes are also a wonderful pain reliever when a poisonous snake bites.

But the fact is that the rhizome of Clivia cinnabar must be handled with caution, since it has toxins due to "alkaloids", so you should not experiment, especially in the treatment of certain diseases.

Homeland and appearance of clivia

Clivia belongs to the amaryllis family. It is an evergreen, stemless perennial plant that blooms profusely. Clivia is native to South Africa.

The leaves of the plant form a rosette and are arranged in a fan-like manner. The shape of the leaf plate is of two types: linear and xiphoid.

The clivia rhizome is quite powerful, the bases of the leaves are attached to it. Given the shape of the root system, clivia can hardly be attributed to both bulbous and rhizomatous plants; it is located approximately in the middle between these two forms of root systems. For clivia, the roots are a reservoir for the accumulation and storage of nutrients and water reserves.

Flowers resemble bells in shape, are red and orange, collected in umbellate inflorescences, which are attached to the peduncle. The flowering period of one inflorescence lasts up to three weeks.


Where is the best place to put

  • A good place for a flowerpot with this flower is the hallway. Here he performs a protective function - it neutralizes the negative that penetrates from the outside.
  • To the same extent, clivia will be useful on window sills, especially on the southern ones (except for the bedroom).
  • The plant is suitable for office premises: it promotes the quick solution of difficult problems, develops activity and dedication.
  • This flower can be placed in the kitchen - it is in harmony with the fiery element and helps to maintain vigor, high tone, and optimistic mood.

What to do for plant health?

In order to ensure the normal growth of clivia as well as lush flowering, it is important to adhere to the following basic care rules:

    Location - the flower should be placed on a light windowsill. However, it is important that the plant is not exposed to direct sunlight. In summer, the clivia can be taken outside, while also in a place inaccessible to the scorching sun.

The most suitable places for the location of the clivia are the western and eastern windows.
Content temperature - in the summer and spring, the flower should be provided with an air temperature of 20-26 degrees. In the autumn, the temperature should be reduced to 13-14 degrees. Moreover, with the appearance of the peduncle, the temperature should not fall below 20 degrees.

As noted earlier, the increased air temperature during the dormant period of clivia can have a negative effect on the further flowering and growth of the plant.

  • Watering - the flower should be watered with soft water, after letting it stand for a day. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings. If there is excess water in the glass pan, it should be poured from there. During the flowering period, watering should be increased. In this case, the water should be slightly above room temperature.
  • Spraying a flower - periodically, the clivia should be sprayed, and the leaves should be wiped with a damp cloth. The optimum humidity level for clivia is 40%.
  • Transfer- it should be noted that the clivia does not really like transplanting, therefore, this procedure should be resorted to in exceptional cases (for example, when the roots began to rot).

    Transplanting adult plants should be done no more than 1-2 times during the year. In addition, before planting a flower in another pot, the roots must be treated with crushed coal or ash.

    After the completion of the transplant process, the clivia should be placed on the windowsill with the side to the sun, which it had previously stood.
    Top dressing - it is necessary to start feeding the plant after the first pick. This procedure should be done twice a month for an adult plant and every two weeks during the growing season.

    The following fertilizers are used as top dressing: Mineral - "Kemira", "Agricola", "Pokon", "Master", etc., Organic - manure, bird droppings, compost, peat, etc. During the dormant period, the flower does not need feeding.

    Otherwise, the ingress of leaf juice into the digestive tract can lead to diarrhea and vomiting.

    Read more about the features of care and other nuances of growing clivia at home in a separate material.

    Below you can see a photo of clivia and its diseases.



    Clivia - photo, home care, reproduction

    1. Seven Secrets of Success:

    Botanical name: Clivia.

    Homeland of the plant... The plant originates from South Africa.

    Description of what it looks like ... Clivia is a small genus of just 4 species of evergreen perennial herbaceous plants. A distinctive feature of the plant is that, unlike most plants of the Amaryllidaceae family, it does not have bulbs. The bases of the leaves simply grow together very tightly, but do not form a bulb, but are located at the top of the rhizome.

    Leaves dark green in color, 40 - 60 cm long, belt-like, glossy, as if nested in each other - they are located opposite and form a false stem.

    At the end of winter, thick leaves appear among the leaves. peduncles up to 45 cm high, each carries an inflorescence - an umbrella, consisting of 15 - 20 delicate, funnel-shaped flowers, each with a diameter of 5 - 8 cm. shades of colors include yellow, bright orange, red, apricot, white. The center is usually yellow.

    The flowers have a mild, but very pleasant aroma. Each plant can emit 2 - 3 peduncles.

    Fruit when ripe, they become bright orange. The root system is represented by yellow or light brown, thick, brittle roots.

    Currently created variegated or variegated varieties with leaves with yellow longitudinal stripes on the leaves.

    Height ... Clivia can grow to 50 - 70 cm... in height. The plant develops relatively slow and during the growing season can form 5 - 10 leaf plates.

    The final size of the plant will depend on the variety and conditions in the house.

    2 clivia - home care

    2.1 When it blooms

    February - March to June... Flowering lasts for several weeks and can occur again during the year with proper care, good location and adherence to certain agricultural techniques.

    The buds on the peduncles bloom alternately, which allows to extend the flowering time.

    For the onset of flowering, the plant needs cool dormant period with a serious reduction in the frequency of watering.

    2.2. Reproduction, growing from seeds

    The flower is easily propagated by rooted daughter offspring - small children formed on the adventitious roots. Each separated plant should have 4 - 5 leaves and its own roots.

    Division is carried out only after flowering, so as not to disturb the mother plant during this period. Young flowers seated in separate small pots and kept in shade from the sun, in cool conditions - at a temperature 16 – 18 ° C.

    At first, the delenki are watered poorly, with proper care and compliance with the conditions of detention, they will bloom at the age 2 - 3 years.

    Clivia can also breed freshly harvested seeds, however, this is a long process and the first flowering will come years after 5... Young plants in the early years can do no rest period.

    To obtain seeds, flowers pollinate with a dry and clean brush - in this case, after flowering, the plant will form fruits.

    The fruits ripen for about 9 - 10 months and during this entire period they cannot be removed. Ripe fruits should take on a reddish-orange hue and soften.

    1. The seeds are removed from the berries and thoroughly washed from the pulp with running water.
    2. The planting material is placed on the surface of the soil. only lightly pressing into it with your fingertips. Since the seeds are large enough, it is possible to initially maintain the distance between the plants when planting about 2 cm.
    3. It is worth picking up deep containers for planting, since a long and thick root appears first.
    4. The crops are covered with glass or transparent plastic to maintain uniform moisture.
    5. Every day, the crops are ventilated and condensate is removed from the shelter.
    6. The seedlings are placed in a warm place with a temperature of about 20 ° C.

    The first shoots appear within 4 to 8 weeks. You can immediately sow seeds in separate cups - in this case, you will not need to dive.

    The first pick carried out when 2 real leaves appear - the plants are planted in separate, sufficiently deep cups.

    Top dressing done 2 weeks after picking, using a solution diluted to 1/3 or 1/4 of the dose recommended on the package.

    Second time young bushes dive already at the age of about six months, when there will already be 5 - 6 true leaves on the bottom. Then the plants are transplanted, gradually increasing the volume of the pot as needed.

    Clivias who are one year old already have 6 - 8 leaves, the plants of the third year will already form 10 - 12 leaves and they already need to be provided first rest period.

    The first buds can appear at 4 - 5 years of age.

    Adult plants can divide by transplant in such a way that each division as a result of this operation received its own well-developed roots and green mass.

    2.3 Transplant of clivia

    Clivia dislikes frequent transplants and prefers slightly cramped conditions, its roots may even appear on the surface of the soil. In this case, simply dust them on top with fresh substrate. Do not transplant flowering specimens.

    The need for the next transplant will be indicated by the tips of the roots that have appeared in the drainage holes of the pot.

    Adult plants are transplanted every 3 years and even less often, after flowering, it is advisable to use transshipment - transplant without destroying the earthen lump.

    When disembarking, you should definitely observe planting depth - Plants are placed at the same level as the previous pot. Thick, light-colored roots do not tolerate damage.

    If, nevertheless, some roots have broken, then the wound surface on them is treated with crushed charcoal and dried slightly in the open air for several hours.

    A powerful root system can completely clog the entire volume of the pot and then stand before transplanting soak a clod of earth and roots in water for several hours.

    Plants soaked in this way are not immediately planted in new containers, but allow the root system dry in the airto avoid decay.

    1. For the cultivation of clivia, pick up fairly close pots with large drainage holes. It is believed that such cramped conditions will favor more abundant flowering.
    2. A good drainage layer in the form of broken brick, clay shards, rubble or expanded clay is placed on the bottom of the pot before planting the flower.
    3. Clivia prefers to be in clay pots, the walls of which allow moisture and air to pass through. Such heavy containers will also prevent a powerful and large flower from rolling over under its own weight.
    4. When transplanting, dead or rotten roots are cut off with a sharp sterile instrument during transplanting, and the cut sites are treated with crushed charcoal.
    5. After planting in fresh soil, the soil around the plant is well tamped to remove air pockets.

    After the transplant, it will be advisable suspend watering for about a week and you should also not expose the plants to direct sunlight for 2 to 3 weeks after transplanting.

    Top dressing for such flowers, renew after about 3 to 4 weeks.This is due to the fact that the plant will have enough of those nutrients that are already available in fresh soil, and in addition, the damaged root system will not get burned from the use of chemicals and will have time for the healing of wounds.

    If an adult plant has impressive dimensions and is already grown in a tub, then it will be difficult to transplant, but there is a way out. Such large plants simply change the topsoil 5 - 7 cm thick for fresh annually.

    2.4 Growing in a pot - soil

    A mixture based on peat and leaf humus, nutritious and well-drained, is suitable. The soil should allow moisture and air to pass well to the clivia roots.

    Sod land and humus are added to the ground.

    To improve drainage, coarse river sand and perlite or vermiculite are mixed into the soil.

    The soil for keeping the plant should have slightly acidic pH with a value between 5.5 and 6.5.

    2.5 Diseases and pests

    • Direct sunlight on hot summer days falling on leaves, especially wet ones, causes burns, which appear as white spots on the surface of the leaf plates.
    • The plant refuses to bloom with a lack of light or the absence of a winter dormant period.
    • Flowers appear only on those plants that have been given a cool and dry rest.
    • Leaves wither with a lack of air humidity.
    • New leaves are pale in color, flowering is weak, flowers of a smaller diameter are all signs lack of nutrients.
    • Flower rotting in the absence of drainage and waterlogging in the autumn-winter period.
    • Plant can drop flowers and buds when changing any conditions of detention.
    • Clivia is not growing during the rest period, and this is normal - the flower rests.

    • When grown in penumbra plants slow down their development.
    • With prolonged overdrying of the substrate, clivia can begin shed leaves.
    • Foliage can also fall off when the flower pot is moved to a new location.
    • Peduncles remain short and hide in the leaves if the flower is kept in cool conditions or watered with cold water.
    • When using fertilizer with a high content nitrogen plants will grow abundantly green mass to the detriment of flowering.
    • I wonder what sharp temperature change helps to stop the development of buds - they just do not bloom.
    • If too strong deepening into the substrate, the lower leaves of the flower will rot.
    • Leaf tips turn brownish with excessive watering and insufficient drainage.
    • From leaf diseases may appear rust.

    Of pests Clivia leaves are liked by mealybugs, scale insects and spider mites, and aphids, whiteflies and thrips can also settle on the plant.


    Clivia in the room

    Currently, interest in clivia is very high, not only various species and their varieties are widely cultivated, but also interspecific hybrids, which made them available and made it possible to enjoy a variety of colors and flower shapes. As a rule, cinnabar clivia (Clivia miniata), clivia noble (Clivia nobilis) and clivia stem (Clivia caulescens) bloom in late winter and spring. Clivia gardena (Clivia gardenii) and the powerful clivia (Clivia robusta) bloom in autumn. Interspecific hybrids and varieties can bloom almost at any time of the year, depending on the climate and flowering of their parent species. Clivia is amazing (Clivia mirabilis) is still rare in the culture. Clivias can be grown as indoor and container plants.

    Read more about the variety of clivias - on the page Clivia.

    Clivias are unpretentious in maintenance, their flowering is colorful and stable, young plants are easy to grow from seeds. C. miniata, C. gardenii, C. robusta and C. caulescens bloom in 4-5 years. C. nobilis will bloom after 7 or 8 years, and C. mirabilis - after 6 years.

    The undoubted advantage of clivias is their evergreen dark green and glossy belt-like leaves, which give the plant an all-season decorative effect. A special place is occupied by varieties with variegated leaves; there are cultivars with both longitudinal and transverse variegation.

    Despite such a wide variety, the most common varieties are cinnabar clivia with large bell-shaped flowers of various colors, collected in dense spherical inflorescences. In indoor conditions, their flowering occurs in February-March, sometimes again in September.

    Lighting. Indoors, Clivias prefer bright diffused light, it is optimal to place them on windows with an east or west orientation, shading will be required on the southern window sills, and the lighting of the northern windows may be insufficient for flowering. When kept outdoors during the warmer months, which is very beneficial for plants, it is best to place the clivia containers in the shade. Direct sun burns the leaves.

    Temperature. From spring to autumn, when clivias are in a state of growth, they should be kept at a temperature of + 21 ° C and higher during the day and at least + 10 ° C at night. Clivias can release new leaves all year round, but they need a rest period of 3 months (October to January) in a bright, cool room at about + 10 ° C to bloom. Only for young plants from seeds to accelerate their development, the first 2-3 years do not suit him. After a period of rest, the clivia is moved to a warmer room, with a temperature of about +16 ° C, and after about 2 weeks flower buds should begin to appear.

    Watering. From spring to autumn, the soil is kept moist, slightly drying between abundant waterings. The excess water released into the pan must be drained. During the winter rest in the coolness, watering is reduced to a minimum, the clivia is not watered at all, or they do it extremely rarely, just so that the leaves do not wither. Adult strong specimens can withstand up to 2 months without watering. After 12-14 weeks of winter rest, watering is gradually resumed, usually at this time the peduncle is already visible. When the peduncle reaches a height of about 15 cm, they switch to regular watering.

    Air humidity does not play a significant role for clivia, it tolerates room conditions well.

    Top dressing... For clivia, use a multipurpose compound fertilizer for indoor plants. After leaving the dormant period in February and October, before resting, feed the clivia with half doses of fertilizer, apply the usual amount from March to September, and cancel all dressings for the winter (November-January).

    Soil and transplant... Clivias prefer organic-rich substrates, but well-drained soils are essential. For potted plants, ready-made universal peat mixtures with the addition of ¼ the volume of perlite are suitable.

    Clivias do not like transplants, they are sensitive to damage to the fleshy roots. The slightest injury can cause them to rot. If necessary, usually no more than once every 3-5 years, when the roots have occupied the entire previous volume, carefully transfer the plant into a slightly larger pot. At this time, it is possible to separate young plants formed on the underground rhizome, but this is not necessary, over time a dense growth of young plants forms, and when the time of their flowering comes, the pot turns into a real flower bed. Clivias are more likely to bloom in cramped pots.

    Bloom in indoor conditions, it occurs after the winter dormant period (about 3 months), in February-March and sometimes again - in September, and lasts about 3 weeks. A week after the opening of the first flowers in the inflorescence, massive flowering occurs, and the petals acquire the brightest color. At this time, if you want to get seeds, you should carry out artificial pollination, transferring pollen from the newly burst anthers to the stigmas of neighboring flowers of the same plant. After pollination, fruits are formed, at first green, then bright red or characteristic of this variety. The seeds ripen for about 10 months. If there is no need to obtain seeds, then after the end of flowering, the peduncle should be cut off so that the ripening of the seeds does not take away the strength of the plant. Not all varieties are propagated by seeds, hybrid plants can split traits when pollinated, and young plants obtained from them will not inherit maternal traits. With the seed method of reproduction, flowering occurs in 5-6 years, children bloom in 1-2 years.

    Mature plants can bloom from December to April. If not a single flower stem appears, then the cool period has not been sustained or the watering since October has been too abundant. Another reason for not blooming is poor lighting.

    Re-flowering can be stimulated, but this should only be done with healthy mature plants. For this, usually closer to autumn, clivias arrange a cool period lasting 25-30 days with a daytime temperature of about + 10 ... + 15 ° C and stop watering. After a month, the temperature is slowly raised and normal watering is gradually resumed. Fertilizers with a high potassium content are used. For a more even development of flowers in the inflorescence, turn the pot a little every day.

    Reproduction. Clivias can be propagated by seed and vegetative propagation.

    After setting, the seeds ripen for about 8-10 months and quickly lose their germination, so they are sown immediately after collection. If you leave the seeds in the fruit on a cut peduncle, then they remain viable longer, about 2-3 months.

    The most difficult stage is seed germination. They should be located on the surface of the ground or slightly pressed into the substrate. Seeds and young plants are prone to rot, so the soil is kept moist but not damp. As a substrate for germination, you can use boiled wet sawdust, coconut substrate or a mixture of peat soil with perlite. At a temperature of + 20 ... + 25 ° C, roots appear in about 20 days, and the first leaves - after 1-1.5 months. Seedlings produce several leaves each year and reach the flowering stage after about 5 years, by which time the plants have about 12 leaves. In the first year, the flowering is not very abundant, but in subsequent years the size and number of flowers increases.

    The vegetative method of reproduction consists in the separation of coppice shoots (children), which are formed on the underground rhizomes of plants from 4-5 years of age, their flowering occurs in 1-2 years. The separation of young plants is carried out after the end of flowering, they must have at least 4 leaves. Children are planted in small cups, watering is done carefully so as not to provoke decay of the roots.

    Diseases and pests. Clivia is susceptible to attack by scale insects (similar to wax droplets of a cake on the leaves), mealybug (white cotton formations in the axils of the leaves). If these pests are found, treat with Aktara according to the instructions. If ticks are found (whitish color of leaves), treat with acaricides (Neoron, Akarin, Fitoverm).

    Clivias are susceptible to bacterial soft rot, which begins with yellowing and softening of one or two of the lower leaves and can spread to the entire base and root of the plant. Remove the affected leaves, sprinkle the wound with Tetracycline or Trichopolum, do not overmoisten the soil, use a clean tool.

    If the temperature is too cold and the soil is excessively wet, fungal diseases can occur, which manifest themselves in the appearance of various spots on the leaves. Clivia, like many representatives of the Amarylisovs, is susceptible to the "red burn" disease - stagonosporosis, narrow and depressed red-orange streaks appear on the leaves, the disease progresses rapidly. However, the appearance of small reddish brown convex rounded spots may be the result of excessive lighting.

    If fungal diseases are detected, remove the affected leaves and treat with a broad spectrum systemic fungicide, improve ventilation, and adjust the watering regime.

    Clivias are attacked by viruses that are transmitted by insects and dirty tools. The leaves take on a variegated, mottled or checkered appearance. The disease cannot be treated; a diseased plant, especially if the collection is large and there is a possibility of infection with other clivia, must be destroyed.


    Watch the video: Clivia Repotting