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The scent of Brunfelsia flowers is mesmerizing and can compete with an expensive perfume. In the daylight, its smell is almost imperceptible, but at night the aroma intensifies and fills the entire space.
This tropical beauty can grow in the darkest corner of the room and delight every night with its unsurpassed aroma. It is strange that this plant does not receive the attention it deserves among flower growers. After all, everyone wants to revive their home with beautiful flowers.
Brunfelsia care at home
Very few plants can live in semi-darkness, but what if the room is dark enough? In this case, brunfelsia will come to the rescue. She will gladly sit on the shaded windowsill. A weak sunshine is enough for her. But if the weather is cloudy for a long time, then the plant begins to feel sad. This is expressed in the pallor of the lower leaves and a decrease in the abundance of flowering. It is worth noting that brunfels also grow in a brightly lit place, however, green leaves are at risk of being burned. The ideal solution is diffused light. In such a place, the leaves of the plant will be fleshy and rich, and the flowering will be bright and spectacular.
You should prepare for the high (up to one meter) growth of brunfelsia. The place for her should be spacious. In summer, she can be moved to the balcony, but so that she does not suffer from the heat. In very hot weather, it will survive, but it will not bloom. The flower needs to be sprayed more, not watered.
Choosing a variety for the home
Finding a night beauty for your home will not be difficult. For home cultivation, breeders have created a single species - small-flowered brunfelsia, the collection of which has only several varieties that are similar to each other. They all require the same care rules.
The tropical visitor is the owner of large flowers of bright purple hues. The flowering period lasts from early spring to autumn. Brunfelsia blooms in a conveyor way - one flower falls off and another takes its place, each of which lives only one or two days. During flowering, the plant is very decorative and looks like an evergreen cloud covered with large lilac flowers exuding a divine scent.
Features of care for brunfelsia
Do not forget that this is a tropical flower, and therefore the conditions of detention should be appropriate - with humid air and moderate temperatures (12-15 degrees). In order for the plant to feel comfortable, it must be regularly sprayed and given access to fresh air.
Brunfelsia is a big fan of water, so irrigation is carried out systematically. And to frequent feeding from mineral fertilizers (once every one or two weeks) it responds with lush persistent flowering.
At the end of the flowering period, brunfelsia needs pruning and formation of a bush. After such procedures, the shoots are renewed, and very soon the plant will resemble a fluffy neat green ball. Subject to all the rules and recommendations, the flower will delight with abundant flowering twice a season.
After pruning, it is recommended to send brunfelsia to rest, which should last 2-3 months. In this case, the temperature should be slightly above 10 degrees.
Reproduction of brunfelsia
There are several ways to propagate a plant:
- Cutting method. This is a long process and the beginning of root formation can occur months later.
- By dividing the bush. When transplanting, the basal processes are separated and planted separately, as an independent plant.
- Reproduction by seeds. Quite a troublesome task. First you need to make artificial pollination, then collect the ripe seeds, sow them in the spring and wait for the shoots, which will appear in a month. If the result is positive, young bushes will delight with flowering in the same winter.
Diseases and pests
The scabbard sucks out the juices of the plant. Symptoms: Faded leaves, flowers and fruits dry slowly and fall off. It is almost impossible to remove the parasite manually; it is better to treat with insecticides.
Spider mite. Symptoms: the formation of cobwebs on the stems at the base of the leaf, the leaves wither and fall off. You can help the flower by treating it with soapy water and rinsing it under the shower. With a tick-borne attack during flowering, spraying should be abandoned, but if the lesion is extensive, then 1-2 ml of actelik, diluted in a liter of water, should be treated.
Aphids, mealybugs, whiteflies, snails and slugs attack Brunfelsia when grown in the garden. They fight parasites with appropriate drugs purchased in specialized places.
Caution! It should be remembered that the plant is quite poisonous, and precautions should be taken when caring for it, using protective equipment.
the whole plant is poisonous, especially the roots
• in bright warm rooms
• in general premises
• winter gardens, greenhouses
annually or every 1-2 years in pots of standard proportions
turf land: leaf land: humus (1: 1: 2)
• when the substrate dries up, leaves and buds fall off
• excessive dampness causes decay of the roots
• the plant is harmed by the scale insect, spider mite
October-November for 8 weeks 9-14 °, then 18 ° C
in room conditions, forced (from October to February) due to low illumination and humidity
cuttings at a soil temperature of 30 ° C, which are pinched several times after rooting
• sharp temperature fluctuations should be avoided
• to lay the buds, the effect of a low temperature and abundant nutrition are necessary, therefore, the substrate is fertilized in winter
leaves are elliptical, entire, dark green, up to 8 cm long
usually in the winter-spring period
disc-shaped flowers with a wheel-shaped corolla, 5-lobed, up to 10 cm in diameter, with a slightly wavy edge, 10 pieces in semi-umbellate inflorescences
flowers with age change color from white to purple
The most dangerous flowers
The most dangerous flowers are indoor plants of the kutrov family: oleander, adenium, pachypodium, allamanda, strophantus, bumontia, diplodelia, plumeria, carissa, tebernemontana and Amazing.
catharanthus, but the most popular among the home plants of flower growers are also the most poisonous: adenium and Leaves. oleander, and other parts of oleander are deadly for. the death of an adult healthy person is dangerous if a small piece of a leaf of a plant is trapped in the digestive tract.
This information is not for those who are trying to get rid of a deadly annoying grandmother in an illegal way, but for those who have small children in the house. Kids love to taste everything. And the presence of oleander in the house can literally conceal a mortal threat to a child.
It is necessary to be extremely cautious when working with the family of kutrovy plants. If milky juice gets on the mucous membranes or eyes, it can cause severe burns. Oleander demands a neat Pri. the relationship to work with him must be worn straight and in a glove sense do not open your mouth.
The most dangerous indoor plants
know know that indoor plants are the source of beauty and benefits for the people who grow them. Plants give us their own at and the beauty of this they perform a number of useful ones: functions in the process of photosynthesis (they absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen gas), and also maintain an optimal room in the microclimate (humidify the air).
However, not everything is so rosy: the plant world has its own dangerous - outsiders - plants that can cause significant harm. Flora animals and children suffer especially strongly from such representatives, because they cannot distinguish the state of a potentially dangerous plant. It is for families, therefore, with children and animals, you need to be especially careful about the selection of domestic plants.
So, here are the 20 most dangerous indoor plants:
- evergreen ivy - liana-shaped evergreen shrub belonging to the Aralia family. The stems are long, curved, the leaves are dark green with a carved edge. Leaves and plants of berries are poisonous when ingested. especially cats suffer from ivy, which are attracted by the succulent greenery of the plant.
- Rhododendron or very - Azalea is a beautiful plant with bright greenery and gorgeous flowers of white, pink or red, belonging to the heather family. They are poisonous leaves, plants contain a toxic substance - a glycoside, which causes poisoning. It is necessary to place pots in places in the azalea, inaccessible to children and animals. It is recommended not to keep the azalea in the bedroom.
- Cyclamen - a plant with large decorative flowers and dense dark green leaves. to which, the family belongs to the cyclamen - primroses. Especially the tubers are poisonous cyclamen, they contain a poison similar to curare poison. The same tubers are often used in folk medicine, while observing all precautionary measures.
- Trichocereus - an upright cactus with long curved spines. It blooms with white strong-smelling flowers. contains cactus hallucinogens and alkaloids, which cause paralysis of the nervous central system. In the wild, with the help of poisonous substances, cacti are protected from being eaten by animals.
- representative - Croton of the Euphorbia family. A very popular domestic plant with large beautiful leaves of the original Kak. colors and many representatives of the Euphorbiaceae family, croton is poisonous. The poison is contained in the seeds and milky sap, which, the plant appears, if you break off a leaf, a stem or croton. If the juice gets on the skin of croton, you should thoroughly wash your hands with Euphorbia.
- soap - a very popular house plant, which gave the name to the whole genus (euphorbia). mini on Like a palm tree: a bunch of dense green leaves are located at the top of a thick stem. Like the plant of the previous croton, the milkweed has poisonous seeds and milky juice. It is necessary to take special care when transplanting the plant and other work with it.
- the most popular - Dieffenbachia house plant, very beautiful and Dieffenbachia. decorative is an evergreen shrub with large oval leaves of variegated color. It grows up to two meters in height. Unfortunately, all green plant parts (stalks and leaves) contain poison. You can get serious poisoning if dieffenbachia juice gets into your mouth. Particularly affected are animals that, through carelessness, can feast on the plant.
- Brunfelsia - especially indoor, a plant common in America and Europe, a representative of the Solanaceae family. It smells great and blooms beautifully with lilac flowers. All parts of the plant are especially poisonous, a lot of poison is contained in the fruits and brunfelsia seeds.
- Adenium obese - a spectacular plant that has recently become so widespread in our homes. On the thick top of the stiff stem is a bunch of leaves of green and bright and large red Adenium flowers. colors are one of the most poisonous plants. Until now, the poison of adenium is used by African tribes for poisoning arrowheads. Parts of all plants are toxic and poisonous, but its milky juice is especially dangerous. If your family has pets, children or any family member with asthma, think carefully before you start growing adenium.
- Clivia - a magnificent home plant, blooming with very beautiful flowers, an umbrella grouped in 12 or more flowers. The leaves of the plant are glossy, dense, elongated. The most poisonous parts of the clivia are leaves and roots. It is necessary to exercise increased caution when working with the plant and be sure to use rubber gloves.
- Gloriosa luxurious - very exotic with a plant with spectacular and unusual flowers that change the flow to the color of the entire flowering. At the same time, one thing is gloriosa, one of the most poisonous domestic plants. parts All glorious gloriosa are poisonous. Once in a living body, the poison of the plant causes nausea and vomiting, and also leads to impaired kidney function and loss of To. hair to avoid such unpleasant consequences, poisoning is very careful to handle the plant. In addition, keep pets and pets away from children with gloriasis.
- Ficus Is a well-known inhabitant of houses, one of the most popular plants in the world. Luxurious rich greenery attracts ficus of many flower growers. Is this pet also poisonous? Of course, one cannot say so categorically. Ficus was included in this list because the plant is the most powerful allergen. dangerous Especially ficus juice: getting on the skin, it can irritate and even burn. Do not be afraid to breed your own in ficus houses, but still try to take precautions.
- Philodendron - plant of the family Part. aroid philodendrons are lianas, and some are bushy plants. Philodenrone is especially prized for its dense, beautiful greenery. Unfortunately, the juice of philodendron, many of them as representatives of the aroid family, is poisonous, but only if it gets on the skin and mucous membranes. plant If not damaged, it is not dangerous at all.
- genus - Akalifa plants of the Euphorbiaceae family, uniting about 400 plants. The peculiarity of Akalifa is the leaves with unusual color patterns and inflorescences in the form of fluffy Akalifa. catkins are a weakly poisonous plant, the milky juice of which contains dangerous substances.
- Scheffler - a large shrub plant, perfect for large rooms, greenhouses and conservatories. Sheflera as well as Akalifa is weakly poisonous Hardly. Whether the shefler's plant will burn you everything, but try to do harm as much as possible after hand contact with the plant.
- Primrose - a very beautiful plant with flowers of various shades, velvety surrounded by green leaves. Often, children's primrose is placed in rooms because of the bright colors of the plant. all, However, the parts of the primrose are poisonous and pose a potential hazard. Firstly, during flowering, primrose secretes special substances - alkaloids, inhaling which you can feel nausea and dizziness. At the same time, if there are several plants, their effect is enhanced. Secondly, the poison of the hairs is contained in the primrose leaves. If you touch the leaves of the plant, the poison can lead to burning and itching. after If contact with the plant is always rinsed under the hands of water - no harm to primrose not Brovallia.
- will inflict beautiful - a plant belonging to the family Presents. nightshade is a small shrub, reaching 35 cm in bloom, height with purple, blue and white flowers. beautiful Brovalia is a poisonous plant. All the brows of the part contain poison, which negatively affects the body when it gets inside or on the mucous membranes. Most often, pets and children suffer from contact with the plant, so it is very important to keep the plant in a hard-to-reach place.
- Monstera - a popular indoor plant, reaching impressive sizes. Usually, monstera are grown in public buildings, as well as in greenhouses and winter gardens. Monstera leaves are large, dense, green-rich in color, with cuts along the edge. Before you start growing a monster in your home - think carefully. The plant has a very poisonous juice that can burn the skin or body and even damage the eyes. Symptoms of monster poisoning are burning in the mouth, severe salivation, and digestive inflammation of the system.
- Pachypodium Lamera, the second plant name is Madagascar palm.The lamer has a thick prickly stem, similar to a cactus, the top of which is crowned with a rosette of elongated leaves. The pachypodium has a toxic and poisonous milky sap that is secreted when damaged by the plant. However, this juice has no effect on the skin and can only be dangerous if it gets on wounds and mucous membranes. Carefully. shell wash your hands after handling it, and the plant will not do you any harm.
- plant - Aglaonema of the aroid family. The main value is luxurious - green plants: large, dense leaves of rich color, often with a fancy pattern. The plant perfectly cleans the air in the apartment and kills many pathogenic bacteria. However, at the same time, you need to remember that the milky juice of aglaonema Juice. dangerous is released when the plant is damaged, for example, when a leaf is broken, therefore, when transplanting, be sure to use rubber gloves.
The attentive reader probably noticed that some families of plants are repeated in this list especially often: euphorbia, aroid, kutrovy, nightshade. Indeed, representatives of these families are especially poisonous and require careful handling itself.
Kutrov family considered the most dangerous family in the world of houseplants. representatives of the Bright kutrovy - adenium and pachypodium, also this family includes diplodesia, plumeria, allamanda, carissa, strophantus and other plants. When working with the shrub family of plants, take great care, always use rubber gloves and grow these places in plants that are inaccessible to children and pets.
aroid family also differs in a large number of domestic poisonous plants: alocasia, aglaonema, monstera, philodendron, dieffenbachia, spathiphyllum, anthurium, syngonium. Almost all plants of the aroid family contain toxic oxalic substances: acids, proteins and enzymes, which are often used as components of household caustic preparations because of their chemistry properties. The sap of such plants is especially dangerous, therefore, if the plant is damaged, handle it with as much care as possible.
Euphorbia Family includes many of our plants on the popular windowsills: euphorbia, croton, akalifa. substance Poisonous euphorin is part of the milky juice of almost all euphorbia. In contact with mucous membranes and skin, euphorin can cause burns, burning and inflammation. Be careful with the euphorbia plant, always wash your hands thoroughly after handling them.
Nightshade family everyone knows, probably, because the most popular edible potatoes - plants and tomatoes - belong precisely to this Home. family of plants of the family Solanaceae - brovallia, pepper, brunfelsia pod, often grown at home Samaya. conditions, the poisonous part of nightshade - berries, which, if ingested, can cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and subsequently unhealthy drowsiness and attentively. lethargy make sure that your child or pet does not eat the berries of these plants.
And in conclusion: a lot of plants are more, poisonous or less poisonous, however, most of them are successfully cultivated by humans. It may not be worth buying a plant that could harm you and your family. However, if you decide to grow a potentially dangerous plant, every effort should be made to minimize the danger. Do not allow children and such plants to come into contact with animals, do not place it next to always, wash your hands after work with the bed, use rubber gloves. Subject to these simple rules, the plant will not be able to do any harm and will delight you with its natural beauty.
5 indoor plants that can improve your health
Many people know that a bright green snake can beautify a home. However, they may not realize that this is one of many factories that can also work wonders by clearing the air of potentially hazardous chemicals.
It was NASA that discovered this seemingly magical ability of indoor plants back in 1989 as part of an important study aimed at improving air quality for astronauts in space. Scientists already knew that plants absorb carbon dioxide and, of course, convert it to oxygen, but this study showed that some plants can also seriously reduce the amount of airborne chemicals such as formaldehyde and benzene.
These and other chemicals can cause irritation and other health problems, the EPA reports, and they are also the same as in the items you likely have in your home right now: cosmetics, fabric softener, dishwashing detergent and other household items. cleaning products.
So how does a plant work wonders? The secret, according to Susan Brandt, co-founder of gardening site Blooming Secrets, is their leaves and roots, which absorb chemicals like sponge roots are especially capable of working with soil microorganisms to neutralize harmful gases.
Brandt became interested in the health benefits of plants after developing allergies, and she maintains a small forest of indoor plants to purify the air. “Keeping my home as clean as possible is vital to my health,” she says.
Just note that while plants can be beneficial to human health, some can be toxic to dogs and cats. Pet owners should consult the searchable ASPCA Poisonous Plant Database before bringing plants into their homes.
Any plant you bring will help purify the air to some extent, but some are more effective at removing airborne chemicals. We asked Brandt to share a few of his favorite beautiful, low-maintenance houseplants that can also help purify the air we breathe.
The long leaves of this popular houseplant run down like green fireworks, and they also purify the air of certain chemicals found in household items such as paint, rubber, and furniture polish. Ideal for budding gardeners, spider plants can grow in a wide variety of conditions, Brandt says, requiring only water and bright indirect light. “I also love spider plants because they can be grown in water and are so easy to propagate by cuttings,” she adds. It is also a plant from our list to choose if you have pets: it is not toxic to cats and dogs.
Known for being easy to care for, this shade-loving tropical plant boasts thick, filling green leaves and tear-shaped white leaves. “It effectively removes ammonia, which is found in some cleaning products, as well as other chemicals,” Brandt says. And he will even tell you when you feel thirsty: the leaves will begin to fall off. To prevent this from happening, water the plant once a week and spray the leaves with water.
The slender leaves of this plant stretch towards the ceiling, creating a dramatic design in your home as they pull a wide range of gases known as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) out of the air, Brandt says. This plant also scores high for its endurance, but try not to water it too hard.
Sure, it is shaped like a tree, but the ficus, also known as weeping figs, doesn't have to grow in the yard. Anchor a sunny corner with this plant, Brandt recommends, and its glossy leaves can do their job by soaking up the different types of compounds found in solvents and grease cleaners.
Nothing brightens a windowsill like this sunny succulent, says Brandt. In addition to cleaning the air of chemicals associated with tobacco and insulation, its leaves contain a gel that helps soothe scratches and sunburns.
Here's another way to make your life greener: head over to geico.com and see if you can save on homeowner and renter insurance.
More details : Now that you've cleared the air, check out our tips for killing household germs.
Bonus: 3 indoor garden decorations in 15 minutes or less
Geometric garden on the wall
9 geometric wall vases
9 aquatic plants
- Fill the geometric vases halfway with water and add plants.
- Hammer in the wall mounts.
- Hang vases of any configuration.
- Enjoy your new airy decor!
Small indoor plants
- Secure the perforated board to the wall.
- Add hook racks as needed.
- Add the hanging plants to the hooks on the hanger.
- Place indoor plants on the shelves, if desired.
Production room divider
- Take the boxes and place them in the desired location where you want to build the partition.
- Stack the boxes.
- Place the pots in drawers.