ke.gardens-tricks.com
New

Description and cultivation of the Patriot blueberry variety

Description and cultivation of the Patriot blueberry variety


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.


Cultivated varieties of tall blueberries are increasingly appearing in summer cottages. Gardeners plant different varieties based on personal preference. At the moment, more than 50 varieties of berries are known for growing. One of the most popular is Patriot blueberry.

Description

Blueberry Patriot is a medium-ripening garden variety. The berries ripen in mid-July. It is a perennial plant. The bush is quite large, its height can reach up to 2 meters, for the most part it is 1.5 m. However, the branching of the plant is not too developed, the stems have a rectilinear shape. Those who are fortunate enough to grow Patriot blueberries note the high decorativeness of the bushes, so planting this variety on the site will delight not only with excellent yield, but also with a wonderful appearance: in spring - a beautiful decorative flowering, in autumn - a cheerful color of foliage.

Top dressing should never be done with organic fertilizers! No manure, compost or anything else. Only mineral fertilizers are used. The berries have a slightly flattened shape, their average diameter is 17-19 mm, which allows us to call the fruits quite large. Unripe berries have a characteristic red color, while ripe berries are light blue. On the bush, the fruits gather in bunches. The taste of garden blueberries is very pleasant, so experts recommend eating fresh berries. The peel of the fruit is elastic, the berries are well stored and tolerate transportation.

Dignity

Garden blueberry Patriot has a number of advantages over other varieties:

  • The yield of each bush with proper care can reach record sizes. Each bush will bring the gardener up to 9 kg of berries annually. Such a high yield allows the variety to be used for growing berries on an industrial scale;
  • The berries are well stored and very tasty;
  • The plant is frost-resistant, capable of perfectly tolerating even severe frosts in winter. It easily tolerates temperatures down to -29 ° C. At lower values, the bush tolerates the cold well if it was previously covered. Therefore, the Patriot is quite suitable for growing in any regions with a rather harsh climate;
  • The variety is bred selectively, it is inherent in grafted protection against common blueberry diseases caused by fungal infections, such as late blight, root rot and stem cancer;
  • Due to the straightness of the branches and the low branching of the plant, the fruits receive a sufficient amount of light for ripening, therefore, the planting of bushes on the site may be somewhat thicker, which will save you the allotted space for the plantation;
  • The average ripeness of the fruits shows that the plant does not bloom in early spring, therefore, the possibility of frost damage during the flowering period is reduced. The critical temperature for a flowering bush is +1 degrees;
  • Harvesting at the end of July will allow you to grow the Patriot even in the conditions of not too long summer;
  • The berries do not fall from the bush when ripe, they stay on it for up to 10 days, so you will invariably have time to harvest the entire crop.

Care

Planting and caring for the Patriot variety is almost no different from growing blueberries on the site.

The plant thrives in a sunny area, sheltered from the wind. Saplings are planted in early spring or autumn in prepared soil. Ordinary land from the garden is not suitable. The plant needs acidic soil with good drainage, which should be prepared separately. You need to achieve a pH of 3.5-4.5, and a maximum of 5. If you overdo it, the bush will die. A favorable mixture of soil for planting contains sand, peat and soil from a pine forest.

The root system of blueberries is close to the surface, so when planting, try to ensure that excess moisture is drained out well. Many gardeners recommend digging a trench or planting a bush on a small mound.

Blueberry care consists in timely watering and feeding. It is important not to allow the plants to dry out, but also not to overdo it. In order for the soil to retain moisture well, the bushes are mulched with pine bark or last year's needles, by the way, this also helps to get rid of weeds. Water for irrigation must also be acidified.

When the bush reaches 5 years of age, it can be thinned and pruned. It is better to carry out work in early spring before budding begins or in late autumn, as the leaves fall off. All the activities are simple, and done on time and correctly will help you achieve excellent yields.

Video "Features of growing Patriot blueberries"

From the video you will learn how to properly plant, grow and care for Patriot blueberries.


Blueberry patriot

and caring for Patriot blueberries

Choose a sunny, but well-sheltered, low-rise location for the variety. The plant loves drained, acidic soil, consisting of sand, peat and pine soil. It is desirable that groundwater lies half a meter from the surface of the earth. The optimal time to plant the Patriot is autumn and early spring. Planting technology varieties:

  • If possible, prepare the soil: half a year before planting, water the place with water with a low pH level, bring the soil with the above composition to the site

Dig holes and pour acidic soil into them 10 days before planting. Optimum depth - 0.6 m, width and length - 0.8 m. Row spacing - 2 m

Carefully remove the seedlings from the containers, straighten their roots and place the bushes in the prepared holes

Compact the soil to anchor the seedling. Now mulch the root area with coniferous needles, bark or sawdust.

It is not difficult to look after the variety. In the first year, leave the seedling without fruit to allow it to grow wood - to do this, tear off the inflorescences. Blueberries will respond gratefully to feeding, but these should only be mineral complexes with nitrogen. From the third year of life, start pruning the bush every spring. So you will get rid of old and sick shoots. Make sure that the soil does not dry out. It might be worth considering a drip irrigation system.

The plant will give a full harvest for the 5-6th summer of its life. The variety is well suited for inexperienced gardeners and those who like to combine business with pleasure.


Description of berry culture

Since the culture was created for the decorative decoration of plots, its main characteristics are the correct structure and shape of the bush. It is very good that aesthetics here side by side with other qualities useful for gardeners, which is confirmed by numerous reviews.

Bush and foliage

The bush is erect, does not fall apart. The branches are located upward and to the sides, little branching, but easy to prune.

The height of an adult plant reaches 2 meters. But for this it is necessary to feed it in a timely manner, as well as water it regularly. The bush can be shaped as you wish to make it even more decorative.

Leaves are dense, small in size, decorative throughout the season. The leaf shape is inversely ovoid. In autumn, before the leaves fly around, they take on a pleasant reddish tint.

Leaves, like berries, are edible. Tea is brewed from them and added to medicinal preparations.

Flowering and fruiting

Blueberries bloom in late May with beautiful flowers similar to pinkish bells. Fruiting begins in mid-July, the variety is considered medium early. The last berries can be seen on the bush in August and even in early September.

Berries

The berries of this blueberry variety are very large, they can grow up to 2 cm in diameter.

The berries of this variety are very large, especially at the beginning of fruiting. Individual specimens can be up to 2 cm in size and weigh about 4 grams.

The pulp is dense, juicy, greenish in color. The skin of unripe blueberries is pinkish; during ripening, it changes to dark with a pronounced bluish bloom.

Unlike other berries, blueberries sit firmly on the branches and, when ripe, may not fall for up to 2 weeks.

Immunity

Patriot is a variety that tolerates frosts down to -40 ° C without loss of yield. Also rarely sick with diseases such as root rot, powdery mildew. During the ripening of the berries, mummified fruits affected by fungal spores are practically not found on the bush. In general, the cultivar can be regarded as resistant to blueberry diseases.

Main advantages and disadvantages

On the one hand, blueberries have not yet become a ubiquitous crop that is grown in our gardens alongside cherries, black currants or gooseberries. But the rate of its spread over the past 5-10 years is impressive. Therefore, it is worth figuring out whether it is necessary to plant it.

The main advantages of the Patriot variety and blueberries in general are:

  1. Frost resistance. The fact that the culture does not need to be covered even in severe frosts is a great advantage. According to these indicators, the plant occupies one of the first places among fruit shrubs.
  2. Decorative properties. The bush looks very beautiful both separately and in a group.
  3. The compactness of the crown. The branches grow upward and slightly to the sides, branching weakly. When placed on the site, thickening can be used, this has practically no effect on the harvest.
  4. After creating favorable conditions, the bush does not require a lot of time and careful maintenance. Enough watering with water acidification, feeding and removing weeds.
  5. Large berries. The Patriot has very large berries when compared with other varieties, and even more so with forest blueberries.
  6. Berry flavor. Sweet but not too sour, Patriot blueberries are best eaten fresh. They do not have a pronounced aroma, like raspberries or strawberries, so it is better to use them in blanks together with other crops.
  7. Prolonged fruiting period.
  8. Transportability

A distinctive advantage of the berries of this variety is the ability to hang on the bush for a long time without crumbling or drying out.

Also, this variety has several disadvantages that do not allow it to be grown everywhere.

  1. Preparing the soil for blueberries takes a lot of effort and time. This plant requires acidic soil.
  2. Moisture-loving culture. In nature, it grows near swamps, rivers, streams. Requires constant soil moisture, does not tolerate prolonged drying.
  3. Growing slowly. To reach a height of more than 1.5 meters, the bush must grow in one place for at least 7 years.

It is better to know these positive and negative aspects in advance in order to consciously make your choice. And also have an idea of ​​the intricacies of care.

Flowering period and ripening time

The berries begin to ripen in the middle of summer.

This variety blooms in late May. Its bloom is very beautiful: delicate white-pink flowers that are bell-shaped. During this period, the bush resembles lilies of the valley and looks very decorative.

A month and a half after flowering, the berries begin to ripen: this usually happens in mid-July.

Yield indicators

The yield of a crop is directly proportional to the degree of care for it. Subject to agricultural technology, about 5 kg can be collected from one adult bush (over 5 years old).

There are amateurs who have learned how to properly care for this crop and, as a result, were able to collect up to 9 kg of blueberries from one plant.


Benefit for health

Blueberries affect almost all organs and improve the functioning of many body systems. First of all, it concerns vision. Berries help in the fight against various diseases, including diseases of the digestive tract, heart, blood vessels and nervous system.

Blueberries improve vision

Blueberries contain a significant amount of antioxidants, vitamins and trace elements. Digestion is positively influenced by the fiber content.

Regular consumption of blueberries allows you to:

  • improve eyesight
  • normalize metabolism
  • strengthen immunity
  • reduce blood cholesterol
  • remove harmful substances from the body
  • strengthen the walls of blood vessels

Best when eaten raw - this way the maximum number of valuable elements is preserved in them. Not only fruits are useful, but also blueberry leaves, from which decoctions used in folk medicine are made.


Blueberry care

During the season, it will be necessary to make several loosening of the surface of the trunk circle, while their depth should be within 8 centimeters. However, remember that loosening the soil often should not be, as this can cause the plant to dry out. It should also be noted that the blueberry root system is horizontal and very close to the soil surface (about 15 centimeters), so try not to injure it while loosening. Due to the fact that the roots of the plant are located close to the surface of the soil, it is very important to cover it with mulch. Loosening of the soil can be done without first removing the mulch, while it should be replenished 2 or 3 times per season. Timely weed control is also important, it is pulled out immediately after it appears on the site.

For the normal growth and development of the shrub, it still needs to be watered, fed and cut on time.

Watering blueberries

Water the blueberries correctly. In this case, the gardener must develop a special scheme for watering blueberries. So, the soil should always be moist, but it should be taken into account that water after irrigation should not stay in the soil for more than two days, otherwise this may cause the death of the bush. As a rule, watering is carried out twice a week, 2 times a day (in the morning and evening), while 10 liters of water are poured under 1 bush at a time. Particular attention should be paid to watering in July and August, when fruiting is observed, because it is at this time that flower buds are laid for the next year. If blueberries do not receive the required amount of water at this time, this will negatively affect the amount of the harvest both this and next year. If it is very hot outside, then the bushes will need not only watering, but spraying, this will help to avoid overheating. Plants need to be sprayed early in the morning or after 4 pm.

Blueberry feeding

Blueberries do not have any special requirements for the nutritional value of the soil, however, they respond well to mineral fertilizers. Top dressing is recommended in early spring, when sap flow begins and the buds swell. In this case, organic feeding should be completely excluded. For feeding such a shrub, it is recommended to use the following fertilizers: potassium sulfate, superphosphate, ammonium sulfate, magnesium sulfate and zinc sulfate. The fact is that they are absorbed by the plant very well. The application of nitrogen-containing fertilizers (ammonium sulfate) takes place in 3 stages. So, 40 percent of the nitrogen fertilizers necessary for blueberries must be applied when the sap flow begins, 35 percent - in the first days of May, and 25 percent - in the first days of July. Only one shrub per season requires 70 to 90 grams of this fertilizer. From July until next spring, the plant will no longer need nitrogen. The introduction of phosphorus-containing fertilizers (superphosphate) should be done in the summer and autumn, while 100 grams of the substance is taken for 1 shrub. Zinc sulphate and potassium sulphate are applied once a season and 2 grams are taken per shrub. Magnesium sulfate is also added once a season, while 15 grams of the substance is taken per bush.

Blueberry propagation

Blueberries can be propagated by seeds or by one of the vegetative methods.Choose a completely healthy shrub and harvest full fruit from it. From them you need to get the seeds and dry them a little. In the autumn, they are sown on training beds; first, the soil on them should be dug up with the introduction of sour peat. In the event that sowing is expected in spring, then the seeds will need stratification. To do this, they need to be placed on the refrigerator shelf for 12 weeks. Sowing is carried out in pre-made grooves, while the seeds are buried by 10 mm, and they are sprinkled on top with sand mixed with peat (3: 1). In order for seedlings to appear as soon as possible, the crops must be properly looked after. They need warmth (from 23 to 25 degrees) and not very high humidity (about 40 percent), and they also need to be watered, weeded and loosened on time. The emerging plants should be fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizer in the spring, but this should be started from the second year of life. After 2 years, the seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place.

Reproduction of blueberries by cuttings

If you need a way to more quickly and reliably propagate blueberries, it is best to resort to cuttings. In the spring, before the sap flow begins, or in the fall, at the end of the leaf fall, you should start harvesting rhizome cuttings. Try to keep the cutting length from 8 to 15 centimeters, while the thicker the shoot, the better. The fact is that if the shoot is thick, then the appearance of roots will occur relatively quickly, and also growth will begin earlier in it. To activate survival, the harvested cuttings need to be removed for 4 weeks in a place with a temperature of 1 to 5 degrees. Cuttings are planted obliquely in peat mixed with sand (1: 3). Then everything is covered with a five-centimeter thick layer of the same soil mixture. With proper care, after 2 years, the cuttings will become developed and strong seedlings that can be transplanted to a permanent place.

Propagate blueberries and dividing the bush

To propagate such a plant, some gardeners resort to dividing the bush. To do this, a part of the bush is dug out and divided into divisions, while each of them must have a rhizome, in length reaching from 50 to 70 mm. Immediately after dividing the bush, the delenki are planted in a new place. Plants grown from seeds give their first fruits when they are 7 or 8 years old. Blueberries grown using vegetative propagation begin to bear fruit in their fourth year.

Blueberry pruning

In order for the shrub to bear fruit regularly, it will need timely pruning. It is carried out in the spring before the buds swell. In the event that, in summer or autumn, branches and stems injured or damaged by the disease are found on the bush, they will need to be cut and destroyed; you do not need to wait for spring. For newly planted seedlings, it is imperative to remove all flowers during the first year, which will allow the blueberries to grow and develop correctly. The formation of a powerful skeleton of a plant should be dealt with from the second to the fourth year of life, this will allow the shrub to avoid injury if there is a rich harvest. To do this, you need to cut out all the branches affected by the disease, weak, damaged by frost or lying on the surface of the soil. Remember to cut out all root growth. After the plant turns 4 years old, in addition to diseased and weak branches, all stems that are more than 5 years old should be cut out, while from annuals it is necessary to leave from 3 to 5 most powerful shoots. If the shrub is spreading, then all drooping lower branches will need to be removed from it. And if the plant is a straight-growing variety, it will be necessary to thin out in the middle of the bush. Make sure that there is no closing of branches between neighboring bushes, as this will have an extremely negative effect on the quality and ripening time of berries.

How to care for the fall

After fruiting begins, experts advise harvesting blueberries once every 7 days. It is best to pick berries in the morning, but only after the dew has evaporated. After the fruit is colored in the desired color, it should ripen on the bush for several more days. After the dense berries become soft, they can be picked. During this time, there is an increase in the weight of the fruits, as well as an increase in the amount of sugar in them. After picking, berries should be immediately removed to the refrigerator shelf, they should be stored at a temperature of 0 to 2 degrees for 14 days. It should be borne in mind that fruits can absorb extraneous odors, so they must be isolated from other products. Berries can be frozen, then they will be stored much longer. To do this, they are thoroughly washed and poured into 1 layer in the freezer. After the berries are completely frozen, they are placed in one container and put back into the freezer for storage. If desired, the fruits can be dried, in this form they are suitable for making delicious compotes, as well as healing infusions and decoctions.

In regions with frosty winters, blueberries will need a good shelter, since if the air temperature drops below minus 25 degrees, then the shrub can freeze out even more if there is little snow. After the bush is freed from the fruits, you should start preparing it for wintering. Throw a loop of wire or twine over the branches of the plant and slowly pull them to the surface of the site. After that, the bush must be fixed in this position and covered with burlap (it is not recommended to use plastic wrap, because blueberries will not breathe under it), spruce branches should be put on top. After snow falls on the street, spruce branches from above will need to be thrown at them. The winter shelter should be removed from the plant in the spring. In the event that winters in your region are warm and snowy enough, then blueberries will be able to survive them without shelter, especially for winter-hardy varieties.


Blueberry pruning

To achieve a high yield of a plant, it is necessary to prune it in the fall or spring.

Formative pruning is carried out 3-5 years before the start of fruiting and every year after harvest. This pruning helps to form the main skeletal branches and give the correct shape to its crown. At the same time, all weak shoots that grow low are removed.

Rejuvenating pruning allows you to form the density of the inflorescence and their fruits. It is necessary to remove, as with formative pruning, all weak shoots, bunches of small branches that are at the edge of the shoots. After fruiting large branches for more than 5 years, they are cut to the very base.

Pruning correctly and regularly will create beautiful blueberry bushes in your garden that will produce large berries in abundance throughout the year for many years.


Blueberry Bluecrop: reviews of those who planted

On berry forums, those gardeners who grow Bluecrop blueberries on their plots leave reviews about this berry bush. Some of them are presented below.

Due to its many advantages, the Bluecrop blueberry variety is becoming more and more popular among Russian gardeners.... Good yield, early maturity and undemanding care are the main positive qualities of this berry shrub. Therefore, those who have not yet chosen what kind of blueberry to plant on their site should opt for Bluecrop.


Watch the video: My Top 3 Blueberry Varieties and Grape Vine Growing in My Garden. Orchard Tour