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Tigridia (Tigridia) is an unpretentious perennial herbaceous bulbous plant from the Iris family, uniting in its family about fifty different species. The variegated color of its perianth forms the basis of the plant's name, which in Latin means "tiger". A feature of tigridia is the very short flowering period of each flower. He only lives for 8-10 hours.
Opsyvanie flower tigridia
The tigridium flower grows on average from 30 cm to 70 cm.It consists of a rhizome in the form of a dense corm, a straight or branched stem, xiphoid leaf plates of bright green color, a peduncle with several buds and fruits - boxes with smooth brown seeds. Butterfly flowers consist of three large monochromatic petals of red, pink, yellow, white, lilac or orange and three small petals with multi-colored patterns - stains, consisting of 2-3 shades. In group plantings, tigridia bloom from mid-summer to almost the end of October.
Planting tigridia in the open field
Optimal time for planting tigridia
The most suitable period for planting tigridia is the second half of May or early June. The bulbs are very sensitive to the slightest cold snap, therefore, they should be planted in open ground after the complete cessation of night frosts and severe cold snaps.
In case of insufficient light, the shoots of plants will begin to stretch, become thin and brittle. At the slightest breath of wind, the stem can be damaged. Based on this, it is recommended to choose only an open sunny area for planting tigridia, without the slightest hint of shade or partial shade.
The flower does not tolerate cold wind and drafts. This should also be taken into account when choosing a tigridia planting site.
The soil should be light, loose and very nutritious. The root part must receive a sufficient amount of air and moisture. Good drainage is also needed to keep the water from stagnating. The earth must first be dug up, adding lime in the process of work. If the site consists of clay or loamy soil, then it is recommended to mix it with sawdust, fine gravel or coarse river sand.
Bulbous flowers for the garden. Tigridia - the most beautiful bulbous flowers
How to plant tigridia correctly
You can grow tigridia flowers from seeds in a seedling way. To do this, the seeds are soaked in warm water for 1-2 hours or a weak solution of potassium permanganate, after which they are sown in a sandy-peat substrate and kept in greenhouse conditions for 15-20 days. Seedlings are transferred to open ground in the last days of May.
For the bulbs, before planting, preventive measures are taken against possible diseases and infections. They are treated with a special disinfecting solution (for example, 1 liter of water and 2 ml of "Maxim") for two hours. And for earlier flowering, it is recommended to put the bulbs for distillation.
Before planting tigridia bulbs in open ground, you need to sort them. The size of the planting hole depends on the size of the planting material.
It is very important that the planting material is planted in well-heated soil with a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius. For small tigridia bulbs, the depth of the hole is about 5 cm, and for large ones - about 10 cm.The distance between plants is 15-20 cm, between rows - 20-30 cm.
Caring for tigridia in the garden
Watering and spraying
Caring for tigridia is not very difficult, even a novice florist will be able to do it. Tigridia have special requirements for watering. Irrigation water should not only moisten the soil surface, but also get to the root system of the plant. It is necessary to water the soil where the tigridia flower is grown regularly in moderate amounts, and on hot summer days - every day in the evening. If there is no natural precipitation for several weeks in a row, and the temperature rises to thirty degrees and above, then it is recommended to add daily spraying with warm water to regular irrigation. Excess and lack of moisture in the soil will lead to the death of flowering tigridia bushes.
If the cultivation of tigridia takes place in a fertile area or is already fed with the necessary nutrients, then fertilizers no longer need to be applied. Poor or depleted soils, it is advisable to fertilize twice a season. The first time after planting tigridia bulbs is watered with liquid mineral fertilizer in about a month. The second time - when buds begin to form - tigridia plants need not only to be watered at the root, but also to spray the leafy part. The solution is prepared from 3 liters of water and 9 g of complex mineral fertilizer.
As weeds appear on the flower garden, weeding and loosening of the soil should be carried out. There should be no dried crust on the surface of the soil, which poorly passes air to the roots.
To maintain a moderate moisture content in the soil and to protect plants from weeds, experienced flower growers recommend necessarily mulching the flower bed and flower garden with tigridia. Peat and rotted deciduous humus are perfect as mulch. With such a protective layer, the soil will always remain light and moist.
Regular pruning of tigridia will allow you to maintain an attractive and blooming appearance on the site throughout the entire period of development of exotic perennials. Withered buds, damaged shoots must be removed constantly. Cutting off unnecessary parts of the plant, the flower will devote all its strength to the ripening of the bulbs, which is very important for the upcoming wintering.
Pegs or rods as support are needed only for tall species and varieties of tigridia. Without such "support", lodging of plant bushes is possible.
In the first days of March, you can already start preparing tigridia bulbs for transplanting. They are buried in a light and loose soil mixture by about 3-4 cm, completely covering with soil. The planting container must contain drainage holes. Three or four bulbs can be placed in one flower pot at a time. Caring for tigridia bulbs consists of moderate watering before sprouting and abundant moisture after germination. It is very important not to overflow the water as the roots will start to rot. Experienced flower growers recommend using the bottom watering method in this case.
After the arrows appear, the planting containers are moved to a windowsill with a sufficient amount of light and heat and grown before transplanting into open ground. It is important to protect the flower from drafts. Bulbs sprouted in this way begin to bloom much earlier.
The depth of the pit for planting tigridia bulbs should not be less than 60 cm. Preparation consists in laying a drainage layer with a thickness of 10 cm to 20 cm, a layer of horse manure and a loose soil mixture in the same volume. Fine gravel or crushed red brick can be used as drainage material.
Sprouted planting material is placed on the surface of the soil in a pit, sprinkled with a fertile mixture all the free space and lightly tamp the surface. The first abundant watering is carried out immediately.
A favorable time for transplanting tigridia is the first week of June.
Breeding methods for tigridia
Usually, the seedling method of reproduction of tigridia is used. Seeds are planted in February - March and germinated at a temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius. Picking at individual containers helps prevent root injuries when transplanting plants. Tigridia seedlings must be transferred to open ground by transshipment (together with an earthen clod). It usually takes six to seven months from sowing the seeds to the first flowering.
Propagation by daughter bulbs
Small baby bulbs must be separated from the adult bulb with a sharp knife on the day of planting. It is recommended to sprinkle the cut points with a powder of charcoal or activated carbon, then immediately place the planting material in the ground, sprinkle it and water it.
Tigridia in winter
Bulbous flowers for the Tigridia garden When to dig tigridia
Storage of tigridia bulbs
The thermophilic tigridia is not able to withstand the harsh winter times and negative thermometer readings, so its bulbs are removed from the ground in autumn and stored in a room with a low above zero temperature. Only well-ripened bulbs can preserve in good quality. That is why it is very important to remove them from the soil in a timely manner. A withered aerial part of flowering plants is an indicator of an already matured and ready-to-store root part. If the shoots and leaves are still green, and the weather already presents surprises in the form of frost, then it is necessary to immediately dig up the plants along with a clod of earth and bring them in a cool room with good lighting. As soon as the aboveground part fades, you can proceed to the next stage.
All the bulbs, with and without children, are first cleaned and washed well under running water, then soaked in a disinfecting solution (for example, in Fundazole or Maxim) and left to dry. Dry prepared corms can be stored until spring in two ways.
- Wooden boxes or plastic containers are filled with peat or sand, the planting material is buried in them and kept in a cellar or basement. The necessary conditions are moderate humidity and air temperature in the range of 3-10 degrees Celsius.
- You can use paper bags or cardboard boxes to store tigridia bulbs. They are placed on the lower shelf of the refrigerator along with the planting material, not forgetting to inspect their condition from time to time.
Diseases and pests of tigridia
Possible diseases of tigridia are scab, rust, root rot, mosaic.
Preventive treatment of flower plantations with herbal infusions, fungicidal preparations or folk recipes will help prevent the appearance and spread of the disease. Crops must be sprayed repeatedly until buds appear. It is impossible to rid the flowers of the mosaic.
Possible pests of tigridia are slugs, bears, thrips, caterpillars, cabbage scoops.
To kill slugs, you will need various traps installed on a flower garden or manual collection of pests. Bears die from treatment with soapy water. And the rest of the uninvited guests can be destroyed only with the help of insecticides.
Types and varieties of tigridia with a photo
Peacock tigridia (Tigridia pavonia)
The most common species, most often found in our country. The flowering period lasts 2-3 weeks and usually begins in the second half of July. The average height is from 30 cm to 70 cm. It blooms in purple, orange, red and yellow shades. Varieties:
Tigridium tubular (Tigridia buccifera)
A compact form of a flower with rounded outer petals of a lilac shade, up to 7 cm in diameter. The stem is short, branching, the leaves are narrow. It is used in group plantings, as well as on a rocky background and near water bodies. The average height is 40-50 cm.
Tigridia multiflora (Tigridia multiflora)
A species with small-sized burgundy and pinkish flowers. The difference from other plants is the large petals bent outward.
Chess Tigridia (Tigridia meleagris)
An unusual color appearance of a flower, the surface of which is covered with light and dark spots of different shades in a checkerboard pattern. Hybrid varieties are painted in white and lilac shades.
Breeding work on the development of new varieties of tigridia continues to this day. The work uses such types of flowers as Tubular, Mexican, Celeriana and others. The tigridium flower is also used by professional landscape designers who recommend planting a plant in combination with conifers and ground cover representatives. Thyme, phlox, arabis and stonecrop are excellent neighbors for unusual flowers.
A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.
Tigridia is amazingly beautiful.
In the garden, she looks not only unusual, but also very joyful - thanks to the clean, bright, cheerful tones of the petals. It got its unusual name due to the characteristic spotted color of the center of the flower. More than a dozen natural species of tigridia are known, including those with bell-shaped flowers and those resembling iris (this is not surprising, because tigridia from the iris family), but only peacock tigrid, or pavonia.
It is named after the Spanish physician Joseph Pavon, who described in the 18th century. many medicinal plants of Central and South America. Among them was tigridium, which the Aztecs used for medicinal purposes. And the first European colonizers of America considered tigridia to be the original local tulip.
Despite its subtropical origin and exotic beauty, this unpretentious corm perennial has taken root in our latitudes. Modern gardeners compare tigrid flowers with large exotic butterflies. They grow it in about the same way as the gladiolus, which is familiar to all flower growers. And in order for tigridia to bring as much joy as possible, it is worth considering some of the nuances of its cultivation.
Tigridia: a variegated butterfly in a sunny flower garden
Tigridia is an excellent decoration for an alpine slide or a country lawn. The plant looks great next to lilies, gladioli and other floral perennials. In any weather, bright tigridia serve as a very effective flower garden decoration.
What does tigridia look like?
The bright flowers of tigridia, painted in golden yellow and red-orange tones, resemble variegated butterflies. The peacock tigridia flower consists of six petals - three outer, larger ones, and three inner, small ones. Small petals closer to the center of the flower are dotted with red or purple specks. This plant, during flowering, outshines even spectacular roses and elegant lilies.
Reproduction and care of tigridia
The plant reproduces easily vegetatively, therefore, it is enough to plant corms in a sunny place in order to get a spectacular motley "tiger" lawn over time.
By mid-June, tigridia forms a neat bush about 70 cm high with xiphoid leaves. Flowers appear in July, but they are short-lived, live only 1 day. However, new flowers are revealed every day, so the plant looks very elegant, and this colorful festival lasts until the end of summer. In cloudy weather, flowers fade much more slowly than on a fine day.
Tigridia begins to bloom in July if the corms are prepared in advance. In early April, they need to be cleaned of soil residues, separate the children and plant them in peat pots or other seedling containers. Each pot can accommodate 4 corms. The containers are placed in a warm, bright place and are regularly watered. By May, green noses of seedlings will appear, and by the end of the month - narrow leaves.
At the end of May, Trigrdia can be planted in a sunny, wind-protected flower garden. It is suitable for neutral or slightly acidic, light, drained soils. Germinated corms do not have to be planted singly, separating them from each other, they can be embedded in the soil with nests, transferring them from the seedling container or not removing them from the peat pot. When planted to a depth of 10 cm and a distance between nests of 20 cm, a dense blooming clump of tigridia is formed by July, which looks very impressive in a group planting.
During the warm season, you can carry out 2-3 mineral fertilizing with complex fertilizers (30-40 g per 10 liters of water). The first time the plants are fed 14 days after planting in the ground, the second - during the period of bud formation. After digging out the corms, the soil can be filled with compost and 50–100 g of superphosphate and 20–40 g of potassium sulfate per 1 sq. M. m. Watering of plants is carried out 1 time in 14 days, combining it with the removal of weeds and loosening the soil.
Preparing for winter
In central Russia, tigridia corms must be dug up for the winter. In October, before frost, overgrown nests are taken out of the soil and, without freeing from lumps of earth, they are placed in a box or bucket, covered with sand or garden soil, and abundantly moistened. Leaves can be cut off, leaving a stump up to 15 cm. Containers with corms are placed in a cool place and moisten the top layer of the earth with an interval of 2 weeks. They are stored at a temperature of 5–8 °.
Peacock tigridia: planting and care
Russian gardeners and summer residents rarely find tigridia. But in vain! Indeed, in most countries of the world, this plant is no less popular than gladiolus. And it got its name because of the colorful pattern in the center of the flower.
Tigridia belongs to corms. Its stem can be branched or simple, depending on the species. And the light green leaves of the xiphoid shape look folded. The greens of tigridia are not devoid of grace: sharp lanceolate leaves form numerous folds.
One or 2-3 flowers are located at the top of the peduncle. They are not durable - each lives only 8 hours in the morning. However, in general, the group of tigridia will remain decorative for a long time, since new flowers bloom every day for a month and a half, starting from mid-July.
The opened flower resembles an exotic, unusual tulip of white, yellow, orange, pink, lilac-red color with a variegated speckled center. Only lilies and irises can compete with tigridia in the beauty of the flower itself. Flowers are located on strong straight or branching stems 25–65 cm high, in some varieties more than a meter. The flowers are decorated with a speckled cup-shaped center with carmine, red, yellow or pink spots and stripes. In large specimens, it can reach a diameter of 6 cm.
To grow tigridia, it is necessary to choose well-lit areas, protected from the cold wind, because it does not tolerate return frosts well.
Plants need fertile, loose, moderately moist soil, with a neutral reaction. Tigridia grows well on loamy and sandy soils. The soil for planting is prepared in advance, introducing humus, peat, compost or manure, as well as ash and mineral fertilizers, acidic soils into it during digging. Excess moisture and stagnant water can destroy the corm of tigridia, therefore, when planting in the soil or holes under the bottom, add sand or vermiculite.
Corms are planted at the end of the third decade of May, then the leaves will appear above the ground after the return cold weather. Planting earlier is also possible if you can protect the sprouts from frost. It is undesirable to plant later, because the bulbs will dry out irreversibly. Large bulbs are planted to a depth of 8 cm, small ones are planted closer to the ground. When planting, a distance of 15 cm is left between the plants.
For earlier flowering and obtaining a full-fledged corm by the next year, especially in the northern regions, the tigridia is preliminarily grown for one or two months. Corms are planted in pots with a drainage hole and kept on the windowsill in the room. Before the arrow appears, the pots with tigridia are occasionally watered, and after the arrow appears, the watering is increased. In mid-April, pots with seedlings are taken out on a glazed balcony or in a greenhouse. In open ground, the grown tigridia is planted together with a lump of earth, without disturbing its roots.
Caring for young plants resembles caring for gladioli and consists in watering, especially in hot weather, periodic feeding, loosening, weed control, prevention and control of diseases and pests.
Water the tigridia with warm water deeply, so that the water reaches its roots. Shallow watering is harmful to the plant. To reduce the number of waterings, as well as warm up the soil in early spring and autumn, protect against drought, improve the quality of flowering, mulching the soil around the plant with peat, dry grass, sawdust, etc. will help.
Tigridia is fed every 10-15 days. The easiest way is to apply a complex soluble fertilizer. It is applied at the root, combined with watering, or foliar feeding is carried out on the leaves. Flowering depends on the supply of nutrients to the bulbs.
Usually the plant forms strong stems and does not need to be tied up. But sometimes, especially when growing, you cannot do without supports - tall thin stems can be broken by the wind.
During the growing season, wilted tigridia flowers are removed so that seeds do not form and the corm is not depleted. When the main peduncle fades at the end of summer, dormant buds begin to wake up from below. New shoots have time to grow from them, and secondary flowering begins in September.
In the fall, you need to take care of the ripening of the tigridia corms. To do this, at the end of August with early flowering, or at the beginning of September with late flowering, remove all faded flowers and buds. During this period, replacing corms of plants (3-5 corms) begin to form actively. In order to extend the growing season of tigridia and give the opportunity to better ripen these corms, with the onset of frost, the tigridia is covered with lutrasil, and planted in a container is transferred to the veranda.
At the end of September, the nests of tigridia corms formed are dug up for winter storage. Its stems are cut off, and the corms are laid to dry without dividing the nests. Within 2 weeks, corms are kept at room temperature in a ventilated area. After the dried roots and leaves are cut off, leaving 2-3 cm hemp near the leaves. Corms are treated with any fungicide, for example, 0.7% foundationol emulsion or garlic infusion (0.5 kg per 1 liter of water). After that, the corms are additionally dried for 7-15 days.
Prepared corms are placed for storage, without disturbing the nests, in dry sand and stored in a cool dry place at a temperature of + 4 + 6 о С.
In the spring, 3-5 days before planting, the nests of the tigridia are disassembled into corms, and after the break points have dried, they are planted in open ground, containers or pots for growing.
Tigridia is most effective when planted in a group, separately from other plants, especially against the background of a lawn or conifers, as well as near a reservoir, a single stone. Good in flowerpots and any other containers.
|Type of flowers:||Tigridia|
|Number of items in the package:||10 pieces|
|The number of cycles:||Perennial|
|Planting depth:||10 cm|
|Planting capacity:||Flower bed|
|Stem height:||45 cm|