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Spirea Wangutta: description of varieties with photos, planting and care, reproduction and pruning

Spirea Wangutta: description of varieties with photos, planting and care, reproduction and pruning


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Garden plants

Spirea Vangutta (Latin Spiraea x vanhouttei) - a fast-growing ornamental shrub of the Pink family, a deciduous hybrid between three-lobed spirea and Cantonese spirea. In the culture of spirea Wangutta since 1868.

Planting and caring for the Wangutta spirea

  • Bloom: several weeks from mid-June or early July, re-flowering is possible in August.
  • Landing: in autumn, during the period of leaf fall, although planting is possible in spring, before the start of sap flow.
  • Lighting: bright light or light partial shade.
  • The soil: any, including too wet and poor, but dry sandy soils are most suitable.
  • Watering: in dry seasons, the soil should be soaked to a depth of 50 cm; the rest of the time, watering should be moderate and not too frequent.
  • Top dressing: in spring, a complex mineral fertilizer for ornamental plants is applied to the near-stem circle. If necessary, it can be added before the onset of cold weather.
  • Cropping: sanitary and formative after flowering.
  • Reproduction: cuttings, layering and dividing the bush, less often - seeds.
  • Pests: aphids, kidney gall midges and meadowsweet blue sawflies.
  • Diseases: practically not affected.

Read more about growing Wangutta spirea below.

Botanical description

The height of the Vangutta spirea is about 2 m, approximately the same is the diameter of its cascading spreading crown. The branches of the plant are arched downward. Toothed at the edges, three-to-five-lobed obovate leaves of the Wangutta spirea up to 3.5 cm long are painted dark green on the upper side, and dull-gray below. White flowers are collected in numerous hemispherical inflorescences, covering the shoots along their entire length. Flowering begins in mid-June or early July and lasts for several weeks. In July or August, the Wangutta spirea may re-bloom. The fruits ripen in mid-autumn.

Planting spirea Wangutta in open ground

When to plant

For this plant, autumn planting is preferable, which is carried out from the beginning to mid-October, but if you did not manage to plant the spirea within the specified time, do it in the spring before the start of sap flow. Vangutta spirea seedlings with an open root system tolerate transplantation more painfully than those in containers. By the way, seedlings with closed roots can be planted during the entire growing season.

The Vangutta spirea shrub is unpretentious, frost-hardy, relatively shade-tolerant, although it prefers well-lit areas. Spirea Wangutta is insensitive to air pollution, tolerates both smoke and smog.

How to plant

Spiraea grows best on dry sandy soil, but it can grow well on other soils, including poor or too wet ones.

Before planting, the seedlings are placed in water for at least three hours, then damaged, dry or rotten roots are removed from them, and healthy ones are slightly shortened, as well as too thin or long shoots. The spirea pit at a depth of 40-50 cm should be a quarter larger in volume than the root system of the plant. A drainage layer of broken brick (crushed stone) and sand about 15 cm thick is laid at the bottom of the planting pit, and the top, fertile soil layer removed from the pit is mixed with compost and sand. The seedling is placed in a hole so that the root collar is at the level of the surface of the site, and the remaining space is filled with soil mixture. After planting, the ground in the near-trunk circle is tamped and watered abundantly with cold water, and as soon as it is absorbed, the surface around the seedling is mulched with a layer of peat 7 cm thick.

Wangutta spirea care

Planting the Wangutta spirea and caring for it is simple and not time consuming. In dry weather and after pruning, the plant is watered so as to wet the soil in the near-stem circle to a depth of about half a meter. The rest of the time, the spirea needs moderate and not too abundant watering, after which the soil is loosened and the weeds around the plant are removed.

Pruning the Wangutta spirea after flowering not only forms the crown of the bush, but also stimulates the formation of new shoots and the laying of flower buds, as a result of which the spirea will bloom more magnificently than before. If you notice that the flowering of an adult spirea has become scarce, immediately after shedding the leaves, carry out a cardinal rejuvenating pruning of the plant.

For the normal development and abundant flowering of Vangutta spirea, only one top dressing with complex fertilizers for ornamental plants is required, which is applied in spring, but some growers believe that the same top dressing should be added to the soil before the onset of cold weather.

Despite the high resistance of the Wangutta spirea to diseases and pests, sometimes the plant can be occupied by aphids, kidney gall midges and meadowsweet blue sawflies. As soon as you find pests, immediately remove all insect-affected leaves from the bush and burn them, and treat the plant with an insect-acaricide.

Reproduction

Since the germination rate of Wangutta spirea seeds is only 5%, the plant is propagated by cuttings, layering or dividing the bush.

Spirea cut about two weeks after flowering. Choose healthy and strong semi-lignified shoots for cuttings. Root them in a box with a substrate of equal parts of peat and river sand. It is best to place the box of cuttings in a greenhouse, thereby ensuring a high level of moisture in the substrate and air. After a year, cuttings with a well-developed root system are planted for growing in separate containers.

The easiest way to propagate spirea is by rooting layers. In the spring, a low-growing semi-lignified branch is bent to the ground, laid in a pre-made groove, leaving the top of the shoot on the surface, fix the branch with a metal pin, after which the groove is covered with fertile soil. All season the layers are watered and covered with dry leaves for the winter. In the spring, the rooted branch is separated from the bush and transplanted to a permanent place.

Dividing the bush can be done when transplanting spirea. The bush is dug up, carefully divided into parts, each of which should have strong roots and developed shoots. The sections are treated with crushed coal, after which the cuttings are seated in pre-prepared pits.

Varieties

Spirea Wangutta has several decorative forms:

  • Snow White - spirea Vangutta white;
  • Pink Ice - young leaves of this variety are decorated with white and pink spots, and the apical inflorescences are creamy;
  • Renaissance - spiraea, which is highly resistant to disease;
  • Spirea Wangutta Gold Fontaine - a new plant variety of Polish selection. It is a sprawling, slow-growing shrub up to 120 cm high with a crown diameter of about one and a half meters. White flowers of plants of this variety are collected in corymbose inflorescences.

Spirea Wangutta in landscape design

Garden designers are attracted by the high decorative qualities of the plant, its globular crown and abundant flowering. Spirea Wangutta is used for single and group plantings, complex compositions, as well as curbs and hedges. The Wangutta spirea bush looks spectacular on a green lawn, near fountains and pools. It reliably decorates unsightly outbuildings and dilapidated house walls. This type of spirea is perfectly combined with other plants, for example, with spruces, firs, pines or maples.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Pink
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Perennial Plants
  7. Shrub Information

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Shrubs Pink (Rosaceae) Plants on C Spirea


Spirea Wangutta

The magnificent waterfall of snow-white flowers transforms spirea Wangutta from an ordinary shrub to a lush garden decoration. A cascade of whip-like shoots, on which cap-shaped inflorescences flaunt like an avalanche,

not only will harmoniously fit into a hedge or large flower-bed compositions, but also will not get lost in the role of a "soloist". Possessing beautiful dark green foliage with a light back side and adorned with purple, red highlights and decorative fruits by autumn, this shrub is one of those rare plants that will not disappoint you with its appearance throughout the season. Fast-growing and unpretentious, the Wangutta spirea is perfectly pruning, an excellent honey plant and can withstand even the harshest winters thanks to its unique properties of quick recovery.

Spirea Wangutta - a hybrid of two other, "older" species of spirea - Cantonese and three-lobed. As a rule, the height of the bush of this representative of the Rosaceae family with a wide spreading crown does not exceed two meters (like the girth of the crown), while the branches hang down in smooth arcs, like in cascading plants. During the flowering period, flat umbrella inflorescences of small five-petal flowers at the tips of leafy thin branches literally cover the shoots along the entire length. It usually occurs in the first summer month and lasts about three weeks (if the spring is cold, then the flowering shifts to July). With proper care and favorable conditions, Wangutta spirea blooms again, but more modestly.

The classic color of the flowers of this hybrid shrub is white, but modern forms are characterized by a wide variety of color palette: among the new varieties you can find almost all variations of pink and even a special color of leaves (for example, varieties "Pink Ice" (or "Catpan") and "Snow White" )

The most common use of Wangutta spirea in landscape design is the creation of hedges. In free-growing compositions designed to protect the site from the prying eyes of bystanders, a shrub with unusually beautiful flowering always stands out against the background of other plants. This hybrid also looks good in stricter hedges, easily giving in to shearing and shaping.

There is a place for this subspecies of spirea and in small groups paired with conifers and other shrubs, where, as a rule, a lush bush acts as a frame for its "partners". Thanks to its arched shoots, Wangutta spirea will organically fit into the landscape of water bodies, presenting an excellent alternative to the classic weeping willows. As part of flower beds and flower beds, spirea should be used only on large areas, where you can "play" not only with the height of plants, but also with a variety of flowering and decorative leafy forms.

Spirea Wangutta thanks to the cascading crown, it is one of the most striking tapeworm plants. Best to drop off spirea Wangutta as a single plant in the middle of a lawn or meadow with any ground cover plant. Cut flat bush inflorescences will look great in mono bouquets or as an arrangement for large collections of other garden flowers.

Spirea Wangutta it is considered a shade-tolerant shrub, but abundant flowering is characteristic of plants that grow in more illuminated areas. The hybrid shrub grows best on sandy, dry soil, although in this aspect the spirea perfectly demonstrates its unpretentiousness: it can grow in almost any garden soil, even in wet and impoverished areas. This type of spirea is insensitive to smog and air pollution.

Planting spirea Wangutta follows in autumn to form a strong root system and accelerate flowering (flowers appear on biennial shoots). The main guideline for choosing the planting time is the shedding of leaves. For seedlings with an open root system, before planting, they must shorten too long and thin shoots, examine the roots for traces of diseases, damage and drying out. But seedlings in containers should not be freed from an earthen coma before planting: they are simply placed in water or watered abundantly, leaving them to "get wet" for at least three hours. Spirea is planted in a deep hole (its size is determined by the volume of the rhizome plus 20 cm), on the bottom of which a layer of drainage is laid. The removed soil must be mixed with compost and sand before filling. After planting, the soil around the trunk is lightly tamped and immediately watered with enough warm water to get the entire earthy coma wet.

A prerequisite for successful cultivation spirea wangutta watering is regular, but not too frequent. This shrub is drought-resistant, but without sufficient moisture, its flowering will not resemble an "avalanche". All care for the spirea is reduced to inspection and pruning of the crown. Unlike other types of spirits, the Wangutta hybrid is subjected to annual autumn formative pruning. If the flowering of an adult shrub becomes much more scarce, then immediately after shedding the leaves, it is necessary to carry out a rejuvenating cardinal pruning, which stimulates the development of the plant (shoots should be cut very low, almost to the base of the stem). For normal development, one spring feeding with complex fertilizers is usually sufficient.

Spirea Wangutta it is considered a relatively resistant species to the disease, but with insufficient care or waterlogging of the soil, such pests as meadowsweet blue sawfly and kidney gall midge, spirea or beet aphid can "settle" on it. At the first sign of illness, remove damaged leaves and inflorescences and spray the plants with fungicides. The ends of the shoots during the peak of frost, as a rule, freeze anyway. They should not be afraid of this, because thanks to its rapid growth and endurance of the spirea, Vangutta easily releases young shoots and such "freezing" does not in any way affect the decorative effect of the shrub.

Multiply this subspecies of spirea, as a rule, by cuttings, because the similarity of seeds in a lush beauty is very low - only 5%. For rooting, strong, healthy young shoots are chosen. Cuttings should be carried out approximately two weeks after the end of the flowering period. For seed propagation, dry spiraea seeds should be sown in fertile soil in spring, mulching the surface with peat or compost. Sprouted seedlings dive as soon as they reach 10 cm in height.


Group of summer blooming spirits

In summer-flowering spirits, the inflorescences are completed by the young shoots of this year. The next year, spirea inflorescences reappear at the ends of young shoots, and the old tops dry up.

Japanese spirea

Distributed in Japan, China.

Japanese spirea is a beautiful bush with tomentose-pubescent shoots, then bare oblong-ovate leaves, green above, glaucous below, with a red tint when blooming, in autumn - a spectacular varied color. Blooms all summer with pink-red flowers, collected in corymbose-paniculate inflorescences.

Duration of flowering 45 days. It is widely used to create flowering groups, hedges. as well as curbs.

In the spring season, all varieties of Japanese spirea must be cut off, leaving shoots 25 cm high from the soil level. The golden-leaved forms of the Japanese spirea are prone to the appearance of shoots with green leaves.

They stand out against the background of yellow spirits not only for their color, but also for their powerful growth. All of them should be removed.

The Japanese spirea has many garden forms, differing in the height of the bush, the color of the flowers and the size of the leaf blade. The most common spireas are:

Spirea japanese «Little Princesses»('Little Princess') - bush 0.6 m tall, round, compact crown, dark green leaves, elliptical, pink flowers, collected in corymbose inflorescences.

Spirea Japanese "Little Princess" begins to bloom in June-July. It grows very slowly. Looks good in single plantings, forest edges, groups, hedges.

Spirea Japanese "Shirobana" - is a low shrub 0.8 m in height. Leaves are dark green narrow-lanceolate, 2 cm long. The color of the flowers of the Japanese spirea "Shirobana" varies from white to bright pink, sometimes red.

Blooms in July - August. Spirea Japanese "Shirobana" can successfully decorate a rock garden and a low border, various compositions with conifers, as well as other shrubs.

Spirea «Macrophylla» ('Macrophylla') - 1.3 m high. Differs in large, 20 cm in length and 10 cm in width, swollen wrinkled leaves, when blooming, they are purple-red, then green, and in autumn they become golden yellow.

If, when budding, cut off the "Macrophylla" spirea to 7 cm from the soil level, then the growing young shoots will have a bright color at the top all summer long. Spirea "Macrophylla" is one of the best spiraea. Among the variegated foliage, its pink flowers in small inflorescences are lost. Spirea "Macrophylla" blooms from late July to late August.

Spirea "Candlelight" - dwarf compact dense bush with creamy yellow leaves. Their color becomes saturated and goes well with pink flowers that appear in mid-summer.

Spirea "Candlelight" does not form shoots with the usual green color of the leaf.

Spirea "Goldflame"- dense shrub 1 m tall, with orange-yellow leaves. Then they turn bright yellow, then yellow-green.

Spirea "Goldflame" has orange autumn color of leaves. Sometimes variegated leaves appear on the bush. Spirea flowers "Goldflame" are small pink-red.

Spirea "Golden Princess" - shrub 1 m in height, with yellow leaves and pink flowers.

Spirea "Gold Mound"- dwarf, 0.25 m tall, bush with bright golden yellow foliage and small inflorescences of pink flowers, appearing in mid-July.

Spirea white

In natural conditions, white spirea is common in North America. In Russia, it is often found in the Asian and European parts.

A bush with ribbed, pubescent red-brown shoots and pointed serrated leaves at the ends, reaching 7 cm in length, 2 cm in width. White flowers are collected in pyramidal, loose, pubescent panicle inflorescences about 6-15 cm long with almost horizontally deviating branches, appearing at the ends of the shoots of the current year.

White spirea blooms annually, from July to August. Its fruits ripen in October.

Spirea is propagated by white seeds and cuttings. Thanks to its beautiful inflorescences, late and long flowering, white spirea is used for planting in groups, single bushes, in hedges. Sufficiently moisture-loving shrub.

Birch spirea

Under natural conditions, birch spirea grows in the Far East, Siberia, Korea and Japan. It grows in mixed and coniferous forests, on rocky mountain slopes.

The birch spirea got its name due to the similarity of its leaves with the leaves of all of our beloved birch. Indeed, the leaves of birch spirea are elliptical or broadly ovate with a wedge-shaped base, green.

Spiraea birch-leaved - a low (60 cm) shrub with a dense spherical crown and ribbed, sometimes zigzag-curved shoots. In spring, leaves appear in mid-April and fall off at the end of October.

In autumn, the leaves of birch spirea acquire a bright yellow color. Flowering begins in June. Its inflorescences are dense, corymbose, sometimes convex panicles of a large number of white or slightly pinkish flowers. Blooms from 4 years old. Its fruits ripen only in October.

Spiraea birch-leaved shade-tolerant, but blooms more abundantly in sunny places, on moist soils. It is quite winter-hardy, does not require shelter. Shoot pruning should be done in early spring. Shorten shoots to a well-developed bud. Spirea birch-leaved reproduces by spring sowing of unstratified seeds.

Birch spirea is planted mixed or pure with other types of spirea. It is suitable for creating edges of tall groups of trees and shrubs, for rockeries.

Spirea Billard

Billard's spirea is a hybrid between spirea willow and Douglas spirea. This species is found from Arkhangelsk to Central Asia and the Caucasus in the south.

Billard's spirea grows as a shrub with spreading branches, 2 m in height. Broadly lanceolate leaves, 10 cm long from the base, acute or double-serrate, from below they are grayish-tomentose.

Bright pink flowers of Billard's spirea are collected in dense pyramidal, narrow, paniculate inflorescences, sometimes strongly branched, tomentose-pubescent. Billard's spirea blooms in late July and until frost. The fruits are not set.

Billard's spirea is frost-resistant. Easily propagated by cuttings. Shade-tolerant, but reaches the best flowering in sunny places. Use Billard's spirea for medium-height hedges, also planted in groups and single bushes.

In order to get a more powerful bush, pruning of shoots is recommended in early spring. Early pruning of Billard's spirea stimulates the emergence of young shoots that bloom in the same year.

Billard's spirea 'Triumphans' is a tall bush, reaches 2.5 m. Billard's Triumphans spirea has purple-pink spike-shaped inflorescences 20 cm in height, crowned with its shoots with oblong-lanceolate leaves. Its young shoots are green at first, then reddish-brown, pubescent, and the old ones are ribbed, glabrous.

The shoots of this spirea are short-lived, gradually dry out. It is better not to cut off Billard's spirea until 4 years old. During this period, it is gaining strength, it grows with the help of its root offspring. By the age of 6, the shrub loses its shape, and pruning is simply necessary, it allows you to return its decorative effect.

Spirea Bumald

Spirea Bumald is a hybrid between white-flowered spirea and Japanese spirea.

A short bush, 75 cm tall, with erect branches and a spherical crown. Spirea Bumald has bare, slightly ribbed shoots. Leaves 8 cm long, glabrous, ovate-lanceolate, acutely double-serrate. The color of the flowers of this spirea varies from pale pink to dark pink.

It blooms almost all summer, about 50 days. Spirea Bumalda is a very beautiful hybrid with highly variable characteristics, sometimes even difficult to distinguish from Japanese spirea, as a rule, below it and with ribbed shoots.

At the age of three, Bumald's spirea begins to bloom and bear fruit. Fruits ripen in October.

Spirea 'Anthony Vaterer ' ('Anthony Waterer') - a bush with narrow leaves and bright red flowers. Flowering, spirea Bumald 'Anthony Vaterer' lasts 100 days, coincides with the flowering of panicle hydrangea, very effective groups are obtained when they are planted together.

Spirea 'Darts Ed ' - 0.5 m in height. Spirea 'Darts Red' grows straight up. Its leaves are lanceolate, pinkish when blooming, then dark green, in autumn they are red.

It begins to bloom in July and ends in September with ruby-red or crimson flowers, in corymbose inflorescences. Spirea 'Darts Red' is decorative from spring to autumn.

Spirea "Frebel"(Froebelii) - a shrub with purple leaves in autumn and spring, pink-pink flowers in large inflorescences about 12 cm in diameter, the" Froebel "spirea blooms for 50 days. Bright inflorescences look beautiful not only in the garden, but also in a bouquet.

Differs in large size and compact structure.

"Curly" ("Crisp") - a low shrub, 0.5 m. Shoots are brown, striped, pubescent. Leaves when blooming are wine-red, then green, with a wavy curling edge. Flowers of the spirea" Crisp "are purple in corymbose panicles.

It begins to bloom from late July to August. Spirea "Crispa" is suitable for a romantic garden.

Spirea Douglas

Grows in North America.

This spirea is an upright shrub with reddish-brown, straight, pubescent shoots. The leaves of the Douglas spirea are oblong-lanceolate, gray-tomentose below, whole-edged to the middle, uneven at the top.

The flowers of this spirea are pink, in dense narrow-pyramidal, paniculate, apical inflorescences. Douglas spirea flowering duration 45 days.

Blooms in July. Its fruits begin to ripen in September. Spirea Douglas begins to bloom from the age of 3. It propagates by seeds and cuttings.

With its bright pink flowers and silvery foliage, the Douglas Spirea is especially valuable for green building. Very effective in groups and along park roads.

Spirea willow

It grows naturally in Siberia, Europe, North America, Japan and China. It grows in bushes near lakes, along river floodplains, in sedge bogs.

Willow spirea is an upright shrub about 2 m tall, with reddish-yellow shoots, elongated lanceolate, pointed leaves, sharp-serrate from the base, ciliate or glabrous along the edge, they are dark green above, lighter below.

White or pink flowers on short yellow-pubescent peduncles are collected in pyramidal or cylindrical panicles 20 cm long.

Spiraea willow frost-resistant, develops better on fresh, moist soils. Propagated by seeds and cuttings. It begins to bloom from 4 years old.

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Planting a plant

The plant is grown on fertile, loose and moist soil. This condition will ensure good growth of any kind of spirea, but it is equally important to choose the right young plant. Seedlings should only be purchased from specialist shops, garden centers or nurseries. This allows you to get a healthy plant of the desired variety.

Basic rules for the selection and preparation of spirea seedlings:

  • the root system of the purchased seedling must be closed, that is, with a lump of earth
  • the shoot should not have completely blossoming leaves, because such plants do not tolerate transplanting well into the ground
  • on the shoot, the presence of several branches of the second order is appropriate. They shouldn't be too sprawling.
  • a good seedling has a light green bark, the buds should not be damaged
  • before planting, the long roots are shortened to 30 cm. If the root system is dry, then the seedling is preliminarily placed in water for a day.

If the seedling is in a pot, then it is important to make sure. that his capacity is not small

If you are purchasing a seedling in a pot, then you need to inspect the holes in the container. When the roots stick out of them, it means that the capacity is small for the plant and it has been there for a very long time. Such vegetation will take a long time and will be difficult to take root in the open field.

Best regions to plant

Spirea grows well in many regions. For example, all varieties are suitable for the Krasnodar Territory, the Caucasus and Asia, since the climate here is warm. For cultivation in the Urals, in the western and southern parts of Siberia, in central Russia, frost-resistant species are chosen. For these areas, gray spiraea, Wanguta, Billard, Firelight and others that tolerate frost well down to -25 ° C are suitable.

Planting stages

After choosing high-quality seedlings of the optimal variety for the region, planting is carried out. The main rules and main stages of this process, carried out in the fall, are expressed in the following:

    pits are prepared, with a depth of 40 cm.A layer of sand or fine gravel about 10 cm thick is laid on the bottom.If several bushes are planted in a row, then the minimum distance between the holes should be 35 - 40 cm

The hole must have a drainage layer

No fertilizer needs to be added to irrigation water

Planting seedlings is best done not in a freshly dug hole, but in a hole created 2 - 3 days before the plant is transplanted. During this time, the soil will be ventilated and the bush will be comfortable. If the soil is clay, then rubble and sand are added to it in layers of 20 cm. Before planting, they slightly moisten dry and hard soil, but it is best to plant the plant in cloudy and rainy weather. It is worth remembering that summer-flowering varieties are planted in the ground in the spring until the buds bloom. If the plant is spring flowering, then this process is carried out in the fall. Bushes can be grown in one place for about 15 years.


Planting and caring for the Wangutta spirea

You can plant Wangutta spirea both in spring and autumn. In autumn, it is optimal to do this during the period of leaf fall, and in spring - before the start of sap flow. It is recommended to plant spirea with seedlings with a closed root system, but first it is necessary to prepare the correct site for planting.

Preparation of planting material and site

Spirea Wangutta tolerates planting better in autumn, until mid-October. An area with dry sandy soil is suitable for planting. There, the shrub will take root best of all and will delight with its beauty.

Before planting, you need to put the seedlings in water for three hours. Dry roots and roots with signs of rot must be removed.

When preparing planting material, it is important to remove shoots that are too thin and long so that the plant can fully develop.

The landing site is chosen strictly in the sun, with a little shade.Under the seedling, you need to dig a square hole, which will be 20 cm larger than the root system of the seedling. At the bottom of the pit, be sure to lay out drainage from pebbles or rubble.

If it is supposed to grow a hedge, then the pits should be no more than a meter apart. Then there will be no gaps in the hedge.

Planting spirea Wangutta

Before planting, the seedling should be carefully examined and checked if all the roots are healthy and complete. All suspicious instances must be removed. The bush must be placed in a prepared hole and covered with earth. Composition of the land: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of sand, 1 part of peat.

The root system must be carefully sprinkled and mulched on top. For this, peat is used. After planting, the seedling is watered with two buckets of water. The water should be at room temperature or slightly warmer.

Watering and feeding

Watering the bush is not difficult. The plant is quite drought-resistant, does not require care. In any case, there are several rules for watering that should be followed so that the shrub will delight the owner with its luxury for a long time:

  • water during hot and dry periods
  • the top layer of the earth must be dry
  • watering should be regular, but not excessive.

If moisture is in excess, it will negatively affect the flowering of the shrub.

Fertilizing a plant also requires adherence to certain rules. The plant is unpretentious, and therefore it is enough to feed it once in the spring with complex fertilizer. Another option for feeding is to add superphosphate to the nutrient mixture.

If you use a granular fertilizer, then it is absorbed more slowly, and the result of feeding will be expressed in a violent flowering next year.

Pruning spirea Wangutta after flowering

Spirea Wangutta needs pruning after flowering. In just a year, several pruning should be carried out: formative and sanitary. With sanitary pruning, diseased and frozen shoots are removed. Forming is carried out immediately after flowering and is designed to give the shrub a normal shape, which will delight the owner. If you prune every year and monitor the appearance of the shrub, then the average life span of an ornamental plant is 20 years.

Pruning the Wangutta spirea in the fall helps prepare the plant for winter and give it the desired shape.

Preparing spirea Wangutta for winter

A feature of this shrub is its frost resistance. The plant does not require special preparation for the winter period, and it is not necessary to cover it. Winters are known when uncovered shrubs survived and endured frosts down to -40 ° C.

Experts advise covering shrubs only in regions where frosts drop below -35–40 ° C. These are the northern regions of the country. There it is necessary to cover the root zone of the shrub with dry leaves, film and other methods of insulation so that the shrub can withstand the cold winter. If there are shoots that are frozen during the winter, they must be cut off in the spring so that the plant does not waste energy on painful shoots.

It is recommended to wrap very young seedlings only in the first winter so that they fully take root and do not suffer from frost.


Japanese spirea: pink, white and dwarf varieties

Spirea is a shrub belonging to the pink family. The plant got its name because of the special flexibility of the branches. From Greek the word "speria" is translated as "bend".

The Japanese spirea is very fond of landscape designers. Such love is explained by the large varietal variety, the external beauty of the shrub and the ease of caring for it. This shrub is flawless both in single planting and in groups with other plants.

Description of the plant

Spirea bushes can be large and very small. The largest types of shrubs can reach a height of 2.5 m.The smallest species of Japanese spirea barely grows to 20 cm.

All types of spirea plants have fibrous and shallow roots. The branches of the plant can stand upright, creep or lie down. The color of the bark can range from bright to maroon.

The leaves of the Japanese spirea are alternate with pronounced petioles. Rounded in shape with a pointed tip.

Japanese spirea blooms in small flowers, collected in large inflorescences. The latter can be:

  • Spike-shaped.
  • Paniculate.
  • Shield-shaped.
  • Pyramidal.

Inflorescences can be located in a variety of places. Their location mainly depends on the type of spirea. In some varieties, the inflorescences are located along the growth of the shoot, in others only in its upper part.

The color of flowers is very different. Plants with white and pink flowers are most common.

Japanese spirea is used both for creating hedges and for separate planting. Spirea dwarf is perfect for creating a "carpet" in the garden, decorating alpine slides and rose gardens.

Gallery: Japanese spirea (25 photos)

Types and varieties of spirea

More than 100 species of this shrub are known to botanists. But not all of them are used in landscape design. Some species of this plant are more popular, others less.

All types and varieties of Japanese spirea are divided into two large groups according to flowering time:

Spring flowering spireas

These types of shrubs are characterized by early flowering and white flowers. True, this is not a pure white color, but its various shades. Spring-flowering spirea gives color only in the second year of the bush's life. A characteristic feature of these plants is the increased density of the bushes.

In horticulture, the following varieties of spring flowering plants are most often used:

  • Gray. This is a hybrid shrub, obtained by crossing whitish-gray and St. John's wort varieties. In fact, this is the usual white spirea. This variety got its name because of the grayish color of the leaves. In height, this bush can grow up to 2 meters. Its flowers are snow-white, collected in inflorescences that look like loose shields. The latter are located along the entire length of the branch. At the very top, they sit directly on the shoot. The inflorescences below grow on leafy twigs. This plant variety blooms in mid-May. The first fruits appear in June.
  • Grafsheim. The spirea bush Grefsheim grows up to 2 meters high. This variety can be easily recognized by its red branches with a spreading crown and large double flowers up to 11 mm in diameter. The inflorescences are in the shape of an umbrella and are painted in pure white. Beekeepers like to plant Spirea Grefsheim on their plots, since this type of plant is a honey plant that blooms for 50 days. It requires virtually no maintenance.
  • Spirea Wangutta is white. This is a hybrid obtained by crossing the three-bladed and Cantonese varieties of shrubs. Spirea Vangutta is a large shrub with drooping branches, three-lobed leaves of a rich green color. The latter, closer to autumn, turn red with an orange tint. The Wangutta spirea has large round inflorescences of pure white color, consisting of a large number of medium-sized flowers. Inflorescences are located along the entire perimeter of the shoot. Spirea Vagnutta white can bloom 2 times: in July and September.
  • Nippon. This shrub is native to the island of Honshu. In height, it can grow up to 2.1 m. It has a dense spherical crown. The branches of the shrub are located mainly horizontally. The leaves on them are large and have a rounded shape. Nippon Spirea blooms in May. The flowers are corymbose and green-yellow in color. The flowers are large enough: up to 15 mm. Sometimes red flowers can be found in the inflorescences. Caring for him is quite difficult.
  • Arguta. This variety can reach a height of 2 meters. His crown is spreading. On drooping branches, strongly serrated leaves of a lanceolate dark green color grow. During the flowering period, Arguta produces a large number of umbrella-shaped inflorescences, which completely cover the branches. Experts consider this variety to be the most effective for landscape design. These bushes look amazing in the garden. In addition, they thrive in urban environments. It can be planted both individually and as part of compositions with other shrubs.
  • Spirea is crenate. In our country, this plant variety grows in the Southeast, the Caucasus, Altai, and the northern part of Central Asia. This is a short shrub. Its height does not exceed 1 meter. Its crown is loose, covered with oblong leaves 3.5 cm long, grayish-green in color. The leaves have a characteristic serration along the edge and three veins, clearly visible at the base. The crenate variety gives white flowers with a yellowish tinge, collected in large corymbose inflorescences. This type of shrub blooms in July for 20 days. In private gardens, it is rarely found crenate spirea, but it is widely used in the landscape design of city parks. Caring for him is very simple: you need to cut the branches on time.
  • Oak-leaved. It is an upright bush with long shoots. The total height of the plant is 2 m. The branches are predominantly erect, but during the flowering period they can bend strongly towards the ground under the weight of the inflorescences. The crown of this shrub is dense and round. It consists of coarsely toothed ovoid leaves with sharp tips. The oak-leaved spirea blooms with white flowers 1.5 cm in diameter, collected in globular inflorescences. Since this shrub lends itself well to shaping by shearing, it is very often used to create beautiful hedges. This plant does not require any special care.
  • Average. This variety is distinguished by its great branching. The shrub has a rounded crown with bright green leaves. It blooms with snow-white flowers, collected in corymbose inflorescences. The flowering period is in May and is 15 days.
  • Thunberg. This shrub grows up to 1.5 m, but not in the middle lane. Differs in a large density of branches covered with dense dark green leaves. The latter give the shrub a special charm, because in the fall they turn bright orange. The Thunberg variety blooms in May. The flowers are small, collected in inflorescence umbrellas, sitting on a rosette of small leaves.

Summer flowering varieties

These varieties of spirea differ in that their inflorescences are located on the tops of young shoots. Last year's branches do not give color and dry out quickly. These varieties of Japanese spirea bloom in red, pink and pink-red.

  • Little Princess. It is pink spirea. The height of the bush does not exceed 60 cm. It has a dense rounded crown. The shrub leaves are elliptical and dark green in color. The "little princess" blooms with small pink flowers, collected in corymbose inflorescences. The flowering period is from June to July. This variety looks great both in single planting and in groups.
  • Shirobana. This is another undersized shrub variety. Its height does not exceed 80 cm. Its leaves are lanceolate and short: 2 cm long. The Shirobana variety produces small pink flowers. In some cases, the inflorescences may be red.
  • Darts Red. This variety can be considered dwarf. Its height does not exceed 40 cm. The bush has erect shoots covered with dark green lanceolate leaves. This spirea is red, as it produces ruby-red or crimson flowers, collected in thyroid-shaped inflorescences. Darts Red blooms in July and blooms until mid-September. Therefore, it is in great demand among landscape designers.
  • Macrophile and Golden Flame. These varieties are valued not so much for their flowers as for their very beautiful foliage. In the spring it is purple in color, and in the middle of summer it becomes rich green. By autumn, the leaves acquire a golden yellow hue, which allows the shrub to blend harmoniously with the surrounding garden design. These varieties are very often used to frame paths and flower beds with perennial plants.
  • Crispus. This shrub has a spherical crown, consisting of a large number of erect shoots with oblong leaves growing on them with strongly excised edges. It is a dwarf variety that blooms from early summer to early fall. It goes well with other plants in the garden.


Watch the video: How to Prune Blue Mist Spirea in Spring


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