Harvest and hardy Festivalnaya strawberries - an ageless masterpiece of Russian selection
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Large-fruited garden strawberry Festivalnaya is a high-yielding Russian variety with tasty and transportable berries, characterized by increased winter hardiness and endurance to unfavorable climatic conditions.
Festivalnaya strawberry is a long-lived Russian cultivar
Festivalnaya is a single-fruiting large-fruited strawberry variety, created in the Leningrad Region in the 50s of the last century and is still very popular in amateur gardens and industrial plantations.
Gardening large-fruited strawberries are often mistakenly called strawberries or victoria by amateur gardeners, but from a botanical point of view, they are still strawberries. Real strawberries are distinguished by small berries with a very specific aroma.
Festivalnaya is a Russian large-fruited variety of garden strawberries
Festivalnaya strawberry appeared on our garden plot near Kazan in the 70s of the last century. It is still actively cultivated by almost all of my neighbors. I myself prefer small-fruited remontant strawberries with the aroma of real wild berries, and of all large-fruited varieties, I tenderly and tremblingly love only Gigantella, but I also eat neighboring Festivalnaya with pleasure when they offer to treat themselves directly from the garden.
Festivalnaya strawberries ripen in medium terms. The berries of the first harvest are large, weighing up to 35 grams, during subsequent harvests they are smaller up to 10 grams, bright red, round or oval, good taste, with superficial seeds and dense red pulp. The yield reaches 1–2 kg of berries per square meter. Bushes vigorous, form a large number of whiskers. Peduncles are located flush with the leaves or under them.
A variety of universal use. The berries are transportable, good for fresh consumption and for home canning, they make delicious compotes and jams.
Delicious jam is made from the berries of the Festival strawberry
In Tatarstan, among amateur gardeners growing berries for sale, the old proven varieties - Festivalnaya and Zenga Zengana - are still in the lead. They are unpretentious, productive and withstand our unpredictable winters well.
Festivalnaya also has a serious drawback: it is very strongly affected by gray rot, especially in a rainy summer and with a thickened planting.
Gray rot is the main problem of the Festival Strawberry
My grandmother always went out to pick strawberries with two saucepans: one for good berries for food, the other for rotten ones to be discarded. In a damp summer in the garden of the Festivalnaya, both pots were filled almost equally. Strawberry-selling neighbors annually mulch their strawberry beds with straw from the surrounding fields to prevent the development of this dangerous disease. In my family, straw was never collected for fear of mouse fever and field pesticides.
Festivalnaya strawberries withstands the vagaries of Russian weather well:
- cool cloudy summers of the North and North-West,
- moderate climate of the middle zone,
- unstable winters of the Black Earth region,
- summer heat of the Volga region and the North Caucasus,
- sharply continental climate of Siberia and the Urals.
Of all the old varieties of garden strawberries zoned in Russia, Festivalnaya has the greatest ecological plasticity; since 1965, this variety has been officially recommended for cultivation in all Russian regions, with the exception of the Far East, which is a kind of record for prevalence.
Large-fruited and productive variety Festivalnaya is very popular almost throughout Russia
Advantages and disadvantages of the Festivalnaya variety - table
|Large, transportable berries of good taste||When harvested again, the berries become smaller|
|High yield||Very high susceptibility to gray mold|
|Increased winter hardiness||A large number of mustaches|
|Unpretentiousness and endurance to adverse weather conditions||The variety is not remontant, it gives only one harvest at the beginning of summer.|
Strawberry Festivalnaya on video
Created at the end of the last century, the Ukrainian strawberry variety Festivalnaya chamomile has nothing to do with the real Festivalnaya and is not zoned in Russian conditions, although it can be grown by individual amateurs, especially in the regions bordering on Ukraine. It is a relatively drought-resistant variety of medium ripening with berries weighing up to 20-40 grams, in the southern regions with dry summers it is less susceptible to fungal diseases.
Features of planting and growing of strawberries of the Festivalnaya variety
To plant strawberries, you need a sunny area in an elevated place, free from the rhizomes of perennial weeds. In damp shady lowlands, gray rot can destroy the entire crop. Do not re-plant after old strawberries, as well as after potatoes or tomatoes, to avoid disease damage. Before planting, the bed is fertilized with completely rotted compost, 5 kg per 1 square meter, evenly embedding it in the surface layer of the soil. The planted bushes must be watered with 0.5 liters of water for each plant.
After planting, the growth point should be flush with the soil surface, no higher or lower
After planting, the growth point should be flush with the soil surface, no higher or lower. Festivalnaya is a vigorous variety, so you need to plant it spaciously:
- not less than 50-60 cm between rows,
- between bushes in a row at least 25-30 cm.
To protect against gray rot and weeds, it is very desirable to completely mulch the strawberries with a special black film immediately upon planting, which is slightly incised at the points of planting of seedlings.
Mulching black film protects strawberries from gray mold and weed growth
The best dates for planting strawberries:
- for the northern, northwestern regions and the Urals - mid-August;
- for the Moscow region and the Middle Volga - late August and early September;
- for the Black Earth Region - September;
- for the southern regions - the end of September and the beginning of October.
Strawberries of autumn planting will give the first berries the next year. It can be planted in the spring after the establishment of stable warm weather, but the flower stalks formed in the year of planting are then recommended to be cut off so that the plants take root better and get stronger for winter.
Correct planting of strawberries - video
In the spring, immediately after the snow melts from the strawberry plantation, the winter shelter is removed, the dead dried leaves are removed and burned. 1-2 kg of decomposed humus are evenly introduced into the aisles for each square meter. During frosts, it is recommended to cover strawberry beds with agrofibre, which should be raised during the flowering period in warm daytime for access of pollinating insects.
Covering with film or agrofibre will protect strawberries from frost
Festivalnaya strawberries form a large number of whiskers, which must be removed regularly, cutting off at the base. If you leave them, much less berries are formed. This variety reproduces with a mustache, which is taken from the best yielding plants of the second year of fruiting. You can root the mustache right on the garden bed in the aisles or in separate cups dug into the soil for better stability and protection from excessive drying out.
Festivalnaya strawberries form a lot of whiskers to the detriment of fruiting
In hot dry weather, strawberries should be watered once a week, 0.5 liters of water per bush, moistening only the soil around the plants. The ingress of water on the leaves and peduncles provokes the development of gray rot.
When watering, only the soil around the plants is moistened, without touching the leaves and peduncles
Festivalnaya is a winter-hardy variety, but in areas with little snowy winters, it is better to cover plantations with coniferous spruce branches after the onset of stable autumn frosts.
Covering with spruce branches promotes snow retention and improves wintering conditions for plants
Reviews about Festival Strawberry
Festivalnaya strawberries have been massively grown for more than half a century in various regions of Russia, successfully competing with newfangled imported varieties. This hardy primordially Russian variety is especially valuable for the difficult climatic conditions of the North, North-West, Urals and Siberia.
Strawberry variety Alba - characteristics and description, reviews of gardeners, photos
In Russia, gardeners are primarily interested in large-fruited varieties of fruit and berry crops. One of these varieties is the Alba strawberry variety, a description, photos and reviews of gardeners about it are offered in the article. Although we used to call this berry with a unique taste strawberries, in fact, the berry is a garden strawberry. Due to its taste and fruit size, this variety has become widespread in Russia, Europe and the countries of the Near Abroad. How does he bribe gardeners? Let's figure it out.
- Breeding history
- Description of the variety
- Characteristics and varietal characteristics
- Drought tolerance
- Frost resistance
- Early maturity and productivity
- Disease resistance
- Transportability and area of use
- Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Planting and care, reproduction
- Landing dates
- Place suitable for landing
- Unwanted neighbors and precursors of strawberries
- Selection and preparation of material for planting
- Landing procedure algorithm
- Plant care
- Reproduction methods
- Diseases and pests
Advantages and disadvantages
The description of the variety immediately highlights its merits. Festivalnaya strawberries are valued by gardeners for the following qualities:
- no special requirements for growing conditions. Plants can be placed in the shade and in the sun, this does not affect fruiting. Gardeners often refer to this variety as wild strawberries, planting free areas under the shade of massive bushes and trees.
- ease of reproduction. During the growing season, the bushes give a lot of whiskers, so updating the plantation every 3-4 years is not a problem.
- taste, appearance. The strawberries are quite beautiful, the fruits are one-dimensional and bright, and are popular with buyers. The berries receive high tasting marks, with an average score of 4.8 out of 5. Many consider this taste to be a real strawberry due to the harmonious combination of sweetness and sourness.
- high yield, despite the absence of signs of remontantity, and medium size of berries
- long-term fruiting (with proper care).
On a note! The variety is good for heat treatment. Berries remain intact after boiling, do not break down into fibers.
The main disadvantage of Festivalnaya is the lack of resistance to root rot. Damage can be prevented with a clear rationing of watering and its alternation with dryings.
The breeders have solved this problem radically - they have developed a new variety. This was ensured by crossing Festivalnaya with fungus-resistant varieties. As a result, the taste and appearance remained the same, but the main flaw was eradicated. The variety was named Relay.
The plant has other disadvantages:
- difficult to regulate watering. The variety reacts negatively to drying out of the soil and its excessive moisture. This factor complicates daily care. When overflowing, the root suffers, and drying reduces the yield
- the variety is not recommended to be grown commercially. The berries are large, but they do not differ in keeping quality. Fruits, when stored for a long time, flow and darken quickly
- root rot is widespread within the variety.
The listed disadvantages are easily covered by the main advantages, which is why the variety is still popular.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Festivalnaya strawberry variety was bred by domestic breeders for a long time. However, he does not lose his popularity. This is due to a number of its advantages:
- Saplings take root well.
- The fruits have a delicate taste and pleasant aroma.
- Large berry size.
- Long fruiting period.
- Good indicators of frost resistance.
- Resistant to most pests.
- Good keeping quality and transportability.
However, like any other variety, strawberries also have a number of disadvantages that should be considered when planning plantings. These include:
- High susceptibility to verticillary wilting.
- Susceptibility to powdery mildew, gray mold and other fungal diseases.
- The berries of the first harvest are large in size, and the subsequent fruits are quite small.
Characteristics of the variety
The grade is remontant. Strawberry Alexandria is characterized by several waves of fruiting from May to October, which is an indisputable advantage with a small berry size. A productive variety. On average, 400 g of delicious miniature berries are harvested from a bush. Strawberries of the Alexandria variety are frost-resistant and disease-resistant. The plant is propagated by seeds, since the bushes do not give a mustache. The compact size and lack of a mustache make Alexandria strawberries a favorite when choosing a variety for growing on a balcony or windowsill.
What can be cooked from pineapple strawberries
Pineapple strawberries are used to prepare jams, jams, compotes, desserts, it can be added to cake cream, cocktails and other dishes, and eaten fresh. Step-by-step recipes, as a rule, are simple, classic, do not include any special ingredients. They can be found online or from experienced chefs. Pineapple strawberry jam, jam or compote retain the unique aroma characteristic of this berry for a long time.
Due to the fact that this is a light product, medical experts recommend eating berries of this particular variety for cardiovascular diseases, intestinal problems, those who have stones in the kidneys, liver or ureters, biliary tract, who suffer from gout. In addition, pineapple strawberries are widely used in cosmetology - homemade masks for the face and décolleté area are prepared from it. They are useful for those who have problems with pigmentation, a lot of freckles, acne. There are a lot of photos and videos in which the rules for preparing masks are described in stages.
Like all remontant varieties, Festivalnaya requires a certain amount of care so that it can retain all its positive qualities.
This plant is suitable for growing in temperate climates. Most often it can be found in central and central Russia, the Urals, and even in Siberia.
This strawberry can be propagated by seeds, whiskers and rosettes. The optimal time for preparing seedlings for planting for the next year is the last days of November. After harvesting, the seedlings are stored in a dark room throughout the winter. In the spring they are planted in the first warm days. If you did not have time, then you can re-plant only in early autumn, somewhere from mid-August to the end of September. It is impossible to plant in summer because of the dryness of the soil. For the same reason, planting seedlings is carried out after a good rain. To avoid the formation of an earthen crust, sprinkle the soil near the bush with dry soil or humus.
Before planting, the soil is well fertilized. You need to plant a plant only in a well-lit place. To get an excellent harvest, the first flowers are cut off, leaving a mustache.
After planting, caring for the bushes is reduced to:
- to abundant and frequent watering
- mulching the earth. For these purposes, use straw, lime, roofing material, cut grass
- spraying bushes from diseases and parasites.
Observing all the above recommendations, you will achieve large, and most importantly, delicious berries from the plant.