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Gatsania

Gatsania


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A plant such as Gazania is also called African chamomile or gazania. This genus includes about 40 different species. In natural conditions, they can be found in South Africa and Mozambique, and also in the coastal dunes of Australia. In European countries, they learned about this flower in the 17th century, at which time it acquired its current name in honor of the Italian Theodor von Gaza, who was a priest who translated the works of Theophrastus and Aristotle. In Western Europe, such flowers are also called "midday gold". The fact is that flowers with a warm color bloom at noon.

Features of gatsania

Gatsania can be either an annual or a perennial plant. The height of the bush is about 30 centimeters. Basal leaf plates are part of the rosette, while the stem is completely absent or it is very short. Dense leaf plates can be greenish-gray or dark green and have a wide variety of shapes. On the seamy surface of the leaves there are thick silvery villi, they protect the flower from cold weather, and during drought they help to retain water. Inflorescences look like single baskets, which can reach 5-9 centimeters in diameter. They include reed flowers, which can be red, orange or yellow in color. They have a dark spot at the base, resulting in a circular pattern around the center, painted yellow. The center includes tubular flowers. There can be about 35 such inflorescences on one bush. The fruit is a hairy achene with a tuft.

GACANIA - GROWING, PREPARING FOR WINTER

Growing gatsania from seeds

Sowing seedlings

The sowing time of this plant for seedlings directly depends on the area with what climate the gardener lives. In the event that a cold and late spring is observed, then excessively early sowing of seeds will require additional lighting of seedlings. Without additional lighting, the plant will grow and develop much more slowly due to lack of light. Sowing seeds, for example, in May will lead to the fact that you can admire the flowering of gatsania relatively later. In this regard, it is recommended to sow seeds in the second half of March, and preferably in mid-April. For sowing, high containers are used, this is necessary so that the rod long root does not bend during the growth process. The soil mixture for sowing should be taken well-drained, light with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Sowing should be done sparsely. You can simply distribute the seeds over the surface of the substrate in a checkerboard pattern, while the distance between them should be from 2 to 3 centimeters. A thin layer of substrate can be poured over the seeds, or they can also simply be pressed a little into the soil. Moisten crops from a sprayer and cover the container with foil or glass. Then it is removed to a well-lit, sufficiently warm (from 18 to 20 degrees) place. Remember that it is necessary to remove condensation from the shelter and arrange ventilation every day. The first seedlings will appear after 7-15 days.

Seedling

If seedlings are grown in a deep container, then in this case she will not need a pick. In other cases, after the fourth true leaf is formed on the plant, it will need to be planted in a peat-baked pot. Then the seedlings are removed for growing in a place where it is somewhat cooler (from 12 to 16 degrees), while a loggia, which is insulated, but not heated, will be an excellent option. From this point on, you should start hardening the plants. To do this, it is necessary every day for some time during the day to open the window, while protecting the gats from drafts.

Gazania: growing and care

Landing in open ground

What time to plant

Seedlings of this plant should be started from the second half of May to the first days of June. After disembarking, it will become much easier to care for the gatsan. However, before planting the plants, you need to find the most suitable place. An open, well-lit area is suitable for this. The garden soil should be light and nutrient-dense. Remember that this plant needs direct sunlight and is not harmed by direct sunlight. The fact is that it is very fond of light and has a high drought resistance.

How to plant

It is necessary to plant seedlings in open soil in those peat pots in which they grew. In the event that the cultivation was carried out in a deep box, then in order to take out the long root of the plant without injury, you need a long enough scoop. When transferring the flower to the hole, try not to injure the root in the same way. A distance of at least 20 centimeters should be left between the bushes. Gatsania bloom begins very soon after planting in the garden. So, the flowering of this plant is observed only 3 months after sowing the seeds.

Care features

In order for gatsania to grow well and please with its appearance, it is necessary to choose the right place for planting, namely: sunny and with well-drained soil. This flower is quite thermophilic, but it tolerates frosts up to minus 5-7 degrees. This flower needs moderate watering. After this procedure is carried out, you need to loosen the surface of the soil and at the same time remove all weeds. In order for the flowering to be more abundant and duty, it is simply necessary to remove in time those inflorescences-baskets that have begun to wither. It will be good if you mulch the surface of the soil. This will help to significantly reduce the number of waterings as well as weeding. For normal development, such flowers need timely feeding. In the event that you planted gatsania in a soil saturated with nutrients, then it will need to be fed 1 time in 4-6 weeks, for this use a complete mineral fertilizer (for 1 m2 take from 20 to 25 grams of the substance). If the plants were planted in poor rocky soil, then feeding will have to be done 1 time in 15-30 days.

Bloom

The flowering of such a plant is observed in June – October. After opening, each inflorescence-basket withers only after 20 days. When it is dark or cloudy outside, the reed flowers curl up, while they cover the yellow core, consisting of tubular flowers. In some cases, growers may complain that the plant does not bloom. The most common reasons for this phenomenon are: little light, excessive watering, or late planting of seedlings in open soil. If everything is done correctly and on time, then the flowering will be long, lush and spectacular.

Diseases and pests

The one who has grown such a flower knows that it is not susceptible to disease. However, if gatsania is grown in conditions that are not suitable for it, then it weakens, and it may well be affected by gray rot. In this case, the affected bushes should be dug up and destroyed, and the remaining ones should be sprayed with a solution of phytosporin.

Of the pests for the plant, aphids, snails and spider mites are dangerous. The snails are removed from the bushes by picking them up by hand. To cope with a spider mite, they use: actellik, ditox or fufanon, and to destroy aphids they use: acarin, fitoverm, inta-vir.

Gatsania after flowering

Seed collection

In middle latitudes, the seeds of such a plant most often do not ripen. This can only happen if the summer period is relatively dry, sultry and long. It should also be remembered that, as a rule, hybrid varieties of such a plant are cultivated, and their seeds do not have the ability to retain the varietal characteristics of the parent plant. And we must also remember that ripe inflorescences of gatsania are very similar to dandelion, with a strong gust of wind, the seeds simply fly away. In this regard, the fading baskets must be wrapped with gauze, which is fixed on the peduncle, so that the seeds remain in place.

Wintering

If you are cultivating an annual plant, then when it has faded, the residues are removed and burned. However, some gardeners keep it for the next year. Choose the most spectacular bushes that still need to bloom. They are dug up and planted in containers or pots. After that, they are placed in a cool (from 8 to 10 degrees) room with good illumination. Watering should be rare and abundant, but the earthen coma should not be allowed to completely dry out. In spring, they are planted in the garden, while their stems should be shortened by ½ part.

The main types and varieties of gatsania with photos and names

Gatsania long-rifle (Gazania longiscapa)

This annual plant can reach a height of 15 to 20 centimeters. The entire basal leaf plates are slightly cut, on the front side they are rich green, and on the seamy surface there is pubescence. The diameter of the inflorescence is about 7 centimeters, while both types of flowers have a deep yellow color. The bases of the reed flowers are brownish in color.

Gatsania harsh, or shiny (Gazania rigens, Gazania splendens)

The bush reaches a height of about 30 centimeters. The diameter of the inflorescences varies from 4.5 to 6 centimeters. The color of the tubular flowers is blood-black. Reed flowers can be colored red, deep yellow or orange, while at the base there are specks of brown, black or white. As a rule, leaf plates are solid, but pinnately-divided ones are also found.

Gazania pottsii

This plant is similar to harsh gatsania, only it is larger. The diameter of the inflorescence is about 12 centimeters.

Gazania peacock (Gazania pavonia)

Among other species, it stands out in the form of leaf plates, so they are narrow and long (about 20 centimeters). The diameter of the inflorescence is about 8 centimeters. The reed flowers have an orange-yellow color and a black base, the tubular flowers are yellow.

Also cultivated gatsania pinnata (Gazania pinnata), gatsania snow-white (Gazania nivea), gatsania one-flowered (Gazania unifiora) and gatsania hybrid (Gazania x hybrida), which were obtained as a result of crossing various species, but mainly gatsaniya long-arrow and harsh. Currently, varieties have been obtained that can bloom in cloudy weather. Most popular hybrid varieties:

  1. Daybreak Red Stripe. Baskets are pale yellow and have red stripes. They open in the morning and close at dusk.
  2. Mixture Talent. It was very popular in 2001. It has very effective leaves and inflorescences, while the baskets are closed only at night.
  3. Variety group Ministar. The varieties have white, yellow and orange inflorescences.

GATZANIA. DON'T DISSOLVE TRANSFER TO WINTER HOME


Botanical description

Gatsania is a herbaceous perennial plant with a tap root. Its flexible, creeping stems weakly branch and rise, they have a tubular structure. Growth height does not exceed 30 cm. The foliage and stems are covered with silvery felt pile. Although they are quite dense, they break easily. At the break, milky juice is released.

Sessile leaves 20-35 cm long are arranged alternately. They are lanceolate. The smooth front side is bright green or dark green. On the reverse, dense pubescence gives the leaf a silvery color. A prominent central vein is visible along the entire length of the leaf. Just before flowering, leaves dissected at the ends appear on the bushes.

Gatsania blooms in June-August, 3.5 months after sowing. Single large inflorescences-baskets bloom on a long smooth peduncle. They consist of a single row of pointed petals and a lush core, which contains tubular and ligulate flowers. A characteristic feature is a dark contrasting spot at the base of the petals. Flowers open only in clear weather. On cloudy days, as well as in the evening, the petals close. Moreover, they not only close over the core, but also roll up along the central axis. The diameter of the inflorescences reaches 9-12 cm.

The petals are colored white, pink, red, yellow, orange. They are solid or have vertical stripes. Under favorable conditions, flowers will replace each other throughout the year. Up to 35 flowers can open on a large bush at the same time. After pollination, the fruits ripen - hairy achenes with a tuft. Black-white linear seeds, 6-12 mm long, culminate in a small white tuft.


Preparing for winter

Perennial varieties of Iberis are considered to be quite winter-resistant plants. However, if the cold season is too frosty and there is no snow, then the flowers may die. Also, this culture does not like strong temperature changes, which often occur in recent years, especially in the spring.

To protect the flower, it is worth covering it for the winter. This should be done in the last decade of autumn. Dry fallen leaves, spruce spruce branches can be used as a "blanket". Brushwood, which is laid in layers of hay or straw, is also suitable.

Iberis is a fairly simple flower, but its place in landscape design can hardly be overestimated. It decorates the most inconspicuous areas, turning them into worthy components of the overall composition.


Watch the video: Гацания из фоамирана. Gatsania from foamiran. Sun flower. African chamomile. creation. DIY