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Question: Potted fruits
Hi, I wanted to ask you which fruits can be grown in pots.
Answer: Potted fruits
Dear Carlo, thank you for writing on our website and for contacting us via the "Questions and answers" section. There are many plants that can be grown in pots and that bear fruit, such as small fruits and small citrus fruits. Among the small fruits we highly recommend the cultivation of plants such as currant, blackberry, raspberry and blueberry. The ideal conditions for these plants are an acidic substrate, frequent irrigation in the warmer months and a sunny place. If you live in a very hot area in summer, we recommend a partial shade exposure to avoid excessive heat. These plants need frequent watering because they prefer humid places and do not tolerate drought in any way.
How to Grow Citrus and Other Fruits in Pot
Let's start with an assumption: fruit trees, as you buy them in the nursery, do not lend themselves to growing in pots. Many of the fruits we eat (such as apples, pears, apricots, peaches, plums, cherries) belong to the rosaceae family and are large trees, which can withstand growing in pots for a few years, almost certainly without any sign of fruiting.
To grow fruit trees in pots you need to buy a dwarf tree, that is grafted onto a rootstock that will adapt to the pot. In this way we will certainly not get so much fruit to be able to sell jams, but a decent harvest that will allow us to put fresh and home-grown fruit on the table.
The pot cultivation of citrus fruits is a classic. The famous square wooden vase called "Versailles" was conceived precisely to cultivate these trees, which in winter were collected in the immense greenhouses, and in the summer brought out.
We can hope, following the citrus cultivation rules very well, in fruiting from lemons and mandarins, more difficultly from oranges and grapefruits. In any case, it is better to buy dwarf varieties, which can be adapted to basins or normal terracotta pots (a "common" tree would like at least a jar or a half barrel).
It will be important to follow the rules for cultivation in pots (drainage, good soil, excellent fertilizer) and repot at least every two years in the dormant season (winter), removing the soil, shortening the roots and the crown and renewing the exhausted soil.
In Italy there are numerous nurseries that offer a decent selection of potted citrus fruits, one of my favorites is the Tuscan company Oscar Tintori.
The only citrus fruit that is best grown in pots is the well-known Kumquat, precisely because of its small size, which tends to disperse it in a garden - although in truth it should be grown more often in the ground, since it has a foliage that is anything but despicable.
It is usually treated as an ornamental plant: many do not pick the fruit because the warm orange color makes them very decorative. It is true that they do not have an excellent flavor (the pulp is sour, while the skin is sweet) and their culinary processing is a bit elaborate due to the numerous seeds. But if you like the idea of fruit in pots, and maybe you are not really an expert, the Kumquat it could be a right choice to get used to and move on to more challenging management fruits.
The pear and the apple tree
To cultivate pear and apple trees, among the most common and desired fruits, it is undoubtedly necessary to start with a dwarf variety. Choose carefully the one or the ones you would most like to have on your table.
Some will be a little discouraged because they will have heard that there are plants that do not bear fruit, such as the cherry or the apple tree, because they are not self-fertile. In this case, you will simply need to buy more specimens, but you can also rely on nearby fruit trees, if there are any. Keep in mind that usually those who sell dwarf fruit plants, having to graft the plant anyway, usually add another graft in order to overcome the problem.
Another “task” you will have to learn is the pruning of dwarf trees, which is by no means the same as that of large trees. In fact, dwarf saplings are generally pruned in a branch with few lateral branches.
The dwarf pomegranate
Unfortunately, there is a bit of confusion on this small tree. The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a small tree, which can be grown in pots for ornamental purposes, as long as you don't expect abundant fruiting, but rather the beautiful yellow foliage in autumn.
There are cultivar of “dwarf” pomegranate, which are more bushes than trees, and produce small, very decorative but inedible fruit. Therefore you will not have to ask for a "dwarf pomegranate" (in that case you will be given an ornamental plant), but a dwarfed pomegranate, that is, with a dwarf graft, specifying that you want a tree for non-ornamental but productive purposes.
The vine and the kiwi
The vine is one of the few fruit plants, a climbing one, which lends itself to cultivation in pots, provided you equip it with a very large container and follow it in setting and pruning.
Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) can be grown in pots but remember that the plant is dioecious and two specimens of different sex are needed.
The small fruits
Let's not forget a huge band of fruit that does not grow on trees, but on bushes, most of which can be grown in pots. Blueberries, blackberries, currants, raspberries, and strawberries themselves, are very suitable plants for containers.
Tell us: have you ever tried growing fruit trees in pots? What species? Share your experiences and advice in the Comments.
A terrace orchard ?! It is a reality thanks to the fruit in pots
The small size of some fruit plants makes it possible to easily grow a small orchard even in pots on the balcony of the house. Here's how and with which species.
In the continuous search for a slower life, which allows us to “purify ourselves” from the daily stress and “waste” of the city, a rediscovery of the land and above all of the products it can give us is increasingly common in recent years. So today, in addition to the vegetable garden, the terrace orchard!
There cultivation of fruit in pots in fact, it does not need a lot of space, especially when it comes to children fruits, thanks also to the ability of some varieties to grow and bear fruit easily in containers.
For the preparation of a small orchard you will need a balcony or a terrace but also a veranda or kitchen, if the environment is sufficiently lit, they could be fine.
In general, it should be considered that the fruit plants, even if treated in pots, they should be grown in an area where the crown of the tree can count on maximum sun exposure, receiving light from various angles.
So, how to proceed for grow fruit in pots on the balcony?!
The first step will surely be identifying the suitable space to allocate to yours fruit cultivation. L'exposure in fact it is the main factor that can influence, negatively or positively, the regular development of plants and their fruiting. In case you decide to place it on a terrace, remember that the most suitable areas for the orchard are the best lit and heated: the surfaces facing south and east first of all, but also those along the west side. Then equip yourself with a irrigation system, an aspect that must not be neglected especially during the flowering phase and the initial enlargement of the fruits. Easy to manage are the drip irrigation systems with control unit useful for planning interventions and capable of supplying water to each individual plant.
Secondly, carefully consider where to buy your plants. In fact it is of fundamental importance, for fruit trees more than for ornamental species, to contact to specialized nurseries, able to supply certified material, therefore healthy, with good vigor and productivity.
Generally fruit trees are put on sale in the second or third year of life, placed in plastic pots, pots in which the plant can remain for no more than two years, then it goes transplanted into a larger definitive container.
Which variety to choose for ours fruit in pots?
The easiest to grow are the cherries, apple, peach and pear. Of these there are also “dwarf” varieties, more suitable for confined spaces. With the right pruning even lemon or orange trees can be cultivated in domestic spaces.
But the most loved, the one that absolutely dominates the Pinterest boards of all interior enthusiasts is: the fig!
This fruit plant whose root growth in restricted conditions leads to a more contained development, making it ideal for apartments.
Growing berries in the garden is possible
by Maria Salerno, on 13 April 2012 at 18:02
It would seem a contradiction in terms, since i berries grow spontaneously in the countryside, but growing berries in the garden is not only possible, it is also highly recommended.
Why? Simple. It's about a undemanding cultivation, which needs very little maintenance and since it is still practiced by very few, in Italy, it could represent not only a pleasant pass of time but also a small source of income. So let's try to understand how to grow berries in the garden.
What are the berries that can be grown
Let's try to understand which are the berries that can be grown: blackberries, currant, blueberries, raspberries, gooseberry etc. etc. but it would be a mistake to treat each of these fruits in the same way, each variety, in fact, presents different crop needs therefore the first thing to do is to choose which berries you intend to cultivate and study the climatic conditions and the ideal characteristics of the soil for that finished fruit. After that, having decided the variety to be produced, we need to proceed with the preparation of the soil by cleaning it from weeds and fertilizing it for the subsequent planting of the seedlings. From the planting of the seedlings, the plant will begin to be productive after 2 years and will maintain maximum productivity for about 8/9 years, after which production tends to decrease.
Before choosing the crop you want to dedicate yourself to, evaluate a variable on which it is difficult to influence, namely the climatic conditions of the place where you intend to start cultivation. If you choose to grow currants, for example, you must keep in mind that this fruit prefers a cool climate with frequent rainfall, as it originates from hilly and mountainous areas, so if you live in a hot and dry area, currant is not the right choice. If, on the other hand, the climatic characteristics of your area are those described, prepare the soil by fertilizing it before sowing with fertilizers rich in nitrogen and potassium, after which proceed directly with the plant. I advise against using seeds, but to buy the seedlings directly in a nursery and plant them in the summer. Water the soil a lot so as to always leave it drained and arrange the rows in which once grown they will climb next to the seedlings. If, on the other hand, you decide to grow currants in pots, simply make sure that the pot in question is large enough, with a diameter of about 20 cm, preferably made of plastic.
Grow blueberries in pots
Blueberries are fruits that are quite resistant to extreme climatic conditions, but it is good to protect the seedlings both from direct exposure to the sun's rays in summer and from freezing in winter. For grow blueberries, choose therefore, a sheltered place with loose ground to mix with peat and always keep well drained. The American giant blueberry is the most common variety, but just like currant it is difficult to start cultivation directly from the seed, better to get seedlings already grown in a nursery. It is advisable to plant them during the winter, ripening usually takes place in the summer. Water regularly during the fruiting period ensuring that the soil never becomes dry. The roots are very voluminous, so if you choose to growing blueberries in pots make sure this is pretty deep.
Unlike the apple tree, the peach tree in general it is a plant with the ability to self-pollinate therefore there is no need to keep it close to another of the same species to ensure that it produces its fruits. It is a potted tree that resists the cold rather well, though loves the direct sun. Remember to repot it if you notice that the soil is starting to get too hard and old.
Among the varieties of dwarf peaches we point out the Bonanza , the Garden Beauty and the Nectarella , all plants that do not exceed one meter in height. You will be able to enjoy the sweetness of peaches right from your balcony in the city.
13 Fruit in a container
Strawberries are large fruits that grow in containers. This is because they are perennial, so they only need to be planted once. They can then be brought indoors during the colder months to protect the roots from freezing.
Know that the best choice of strawberries is the usual one, since you have two harvests a year. One in June and another at the end of the summer. It's best for budding gardeners so they don't overwhelm you all at the same time.
But you will need a pot about 30cm wide to hold 10 to 12 plants. They also need excellent drainage and around 8 hours of direct sunlight.
Read more about growing strawberries in pots
Blueberries are a bit different for container cultivation. It takes at least two plants to get a decent harvest. They will be produced from June to August.
To grow blueberries in a container, you need a pot that is 8 inches in diameter and 8 inches deep. In addition to an acidic peat-based soil. With this concoction, you are about to have enough blueberries to make an amazing pie.
Read more about growing blueberries in pots
Growing potted figs may seem random, but it's actually a great option. They only require a pot that is approximately 16cm wide. They are also not very demanding regarding the soil, which must be well drained.
But while they're not delicate and drought tolerant, they do need full sun. In addition, it will be necessary to water them daily during the hottest periods of summer, since the water evaporates more quickly with container gardening.
Read more on growing figs in pots
Yes, I threw it to give you a curveball. But actually the tomato is considered a fruit.
Of course they can be grown in containers. They will need some support when they start taking off, because their fruit is getting a little heavy. But if the plants in a container are large enough, they should perform well enough.
Read this article for more information on tomato growing, and this for tomato cage ideas.
When I discovered this possibility of growing fruit in containers, I must admit that I was a little excited. Why was I excited? Because I love pineapple. After looking at this recipe, you will understand why.
But I'm digressing, so it's not difficult to grow pineapples in containers. Just cut off the crown of a pineapple. Then you immerse it in water for a day or two. Then you plant it in a one-gallon container and place it in the sun. With a little time and attention, you will grow the pineapple.
Find out more about pineapple cultivation
It is an option for growing fruit in a container that I absolutely want to try. We grow melons every year in our garden and nothing beats the fresh taste.
But you will need a large container for growing melons. You treat them as if you were growing them in your garden. The only thing to do is to provide a trellis or a stick to support the fruit and give the vine a place to grow.
Find out more about pineapple cultivation
It is possible to obtain a nano option from an ordinary banana. These are perennials, so it is necessary to plant them only once, pruning them and bringing them indoors during the winter to protect them from frost.
But you will need a large container with drainage holes so the plant doesn't drown. Isn't that the most beautiful thing? It is no longer necessary to live in the tropics to have your own bananas. And as if that weren't enough, these are fruits that grow in containers that you can move wherever you like. It's one more way to help you get out of the supermarket too.
Read more on indoor banana growing
This is another plant that I never thought of growing in a container, but now that it has been brought to my attention, I think I will have to try it. I think I'd like the potting option because it keeps the vine clean and doesn't grow throughout the garden.
However, if you grow a watermelon in a container, we recommend using one that you water alone, since watermelons need a lot of water. They can be grown both indoors and outdoors. The only condition is that they must be exposed to sunlight daily. But you can do this with direct sunlight, with artificial light or even through a window.
Find out more about the cultivation of watermelon in pots
9. 9. gooseberries
I will probably hear a great gasp in the farming community, but I have never eaten gooseberries. I have an excellent recipe for gooseberry jam that I would like to try when I plant gooseberries in the near future.
After realizing that I can grow them in containers, I think I can plant them next year. It doesn't require a lot of effort to grow in a container. All they need is a large pot, lots of water, and they need enough fertilizer mixed into their soil. Gooseberries can be grown as a shrub or can be trained to climb a trellis. This makes them much more attractive to me.
Find out more about the cultivation of gooseberries
It is another implant option that I gave up this year and I am thinking of rethinking it next year. Now that I know they can be planted in containers, I no longer have to miss growth opportunities for fear of running out of space.
So, if you are not familiar with gooseberries, they require more or less the same care as gooseberries. You will need a large pot to grow them, but you can give them the same soil and fertilizer required by the gooseberries. But where gooseberries seem to make incredible homemade jams, gooseberries seem to make incredible cakes.
Find out more about the cultivation of gooseberries
11. Fruit trees
I started researching indoor fruit tree growing after discovering that it was possible to grow indoor Meyer lemon trees many years ago. Virtually any dwarf version of a container fruit tree can be grown. It's amazing why you put them outside in the summer and bring them back in the winter.
So you can grow cherries, peaches, apples, pears, Meyer lemons, limes and even oranges. Now I grow my cherries, peaches, apples and pears outdoors. But I planted lemons, limes and oranges inside. The only ones who didn't survive were killed by my cats. So I have always had the opportunity to grow fruit trees indoors and in containers.
Read more about growing fruit trees in pots
This is another one that I will try to plant next year. Now that I know it can go in pots in my garden, I have no more excuses not to grow it!
For this reason, in the case of blackberries, it is usually necessary to purchase the dwarf option of the plant and plant it in a large container. The only drawback of blackberries is that the ripe fruit leaves apparently horrible stains on the patio or porch. Keep in mind that if you grow in a container.
Read more on growing blackberries in pots
13. Fruit of passion
Passion fruit is such a beautiful fruit. We often assume that we cannot make things grow because of where we live. Well, container gardening has changed all of that. No matter where you live, you are very likely to be able to grow passion fruit in a container.
Passion fruit is therefore a perennial climber, you only need to plant it once. I don't know about you, but perennials have a special place in my heart because I only have to plant them once. The only peculiarity of the passion fruit is that it needs a strong trellis for its abundant harvest.
Read more on growing blackberries in pots
Here are 13 great ideas for growing fruit in containers, to bring your garden to life, and to help you get out of the grocery store.
Now let's talk about some quick tips on growing fruit in pots: