What plants should be kept in the room
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The endless summer is given to people with indoor plants. Outside the windows is a dull landscape: the branches of bare trees are fluttering in the autumn wind, the earth is swollen with moisture, and a small annoying rain whips and sweeps across the windows of the loggia. Occasionally the sun will dazzle with its sparkling sparks and even hide behind the usual solid clouds.
It would seem, how long has it been August with its lush flower carpets and the harvest ripening on fruit trees, but again I really want summer to come sooner. The kingdom of greenery and sunlight is absolutely necessary for a person for peace of mind and a joyful outlook. Therefore, many of us diligently, sparing no effort and money, plant real gardens of indoor plants at home, which give us endless summer.
The plants in the home are not only beautiful in themselves, they literally bring the atmosphere of the home to life. First of all, flower plants absorb carbon dioxide and enrich the air with the oxygen necessary for our breathing.
In winter, the air in the apartments is too dry, which is not useful for both people and plants. Flowers growing in the house significantly humidify the air due to the evaporation of moisture. Cyperus, ornamental banana, sparmannia, monstera and other large-leaved species do it especially successfully.
As it has now become known, many synthetic materials with which apartments are decorated and household items are saturated, emit many substances harmful to life into the air. Experts have found that indoor plants are the best living filters that save us from the real danger of breathing toxic substances that exude artificial materials from furniture, linoleum, wallpaper, paints, etc. Actively absorb and neutralize formaldehyde familiar to all aloe, gerbera, chrysanthemums, chlorophytum , epipremnum (scindapsus), dracaena, philodendron.
In kitchens with gas stoves, it is absolutely necessary to keep chlorophytum and scindapsus - they effectively absorb excess carbon dioxide. Chlorophytum can generally be called a champion in air purification: several of its copies are able to neutralize the formaldehyde released by thermal insulation in an entire medium-sized apartment, in addition, it has a good bactericidal effect.
We are relieved of benzene vapors by indoor lianas - ivy and scindapsus, which so generously braid any supports provided to them, be they lattices, cords, parts of bizarrely curved tree branches from the forest and garden.
Spathiphyllum, dracaena, sanseviera ("pike tail"), and aglaonema have the same ability to purify the air. Even trichlorethylene is neutralized with their help. As for the sansevier, this genus of ornamental plants has so many garden forms and varieties, varied in the height and color of the leaves, that she alone can create a stylish interior both in the apartment and in the office.
One cannot but recall the familiar pelargonium, which is often incorrectly called geranium from a botanical point of view (geranium is a meadow plant that is very beautiful and grows beautifully in gardens). Various types of indoor pelargonium (zonal, fragrant, large-flowered, ivy) have the invaluable property of releasing their essential oils and phytoncides into the environment (biologically active substances that kill staphylococci and streptococci, which cause a huge variety of diseases in people).
Pelargonium essential oil has the ability to calm the human nervous system, relieve stress and insomnia. It is good to keep such plants in the bedroom, living room, nursery. (An ancient folk remedy for ear pain is the leaves of fragrant pelargonium, which are laid in a sore ear.) Pelargonium is easily propagated by stem cuttings and blooms with large caps of bright flowers (red, pink, crimson, white), simple and double. In summer, it can be kept in the garden and on the balcony, even in direct sunlight.
Ficuses and variegated dieffenbachia also have phytoncidal properties. It is especially useful to keep them in well-lit places, but not in direct sunlight, in rooms overlooking transport highways, factories and factories.
The noble laurel, an evergreen shrub that grows well in rooms, also has the ability to destroy bacteria and viruses. It is useful to keep it for those who suffer from cardiovascular diseases, intestinal spasms, biliary tract. In summer, the laurel can also be taken out onto the balcony, arranging a fragment of the southern garden there.
With the advent of computers in our life, biologists have found that even phlegmatic cacti, especially with long needles, not only decorate the house, but also actively protect us from microbes and electromagnetic radiation, which is why they are kept near radiation sources.
Classic phytoncidal plants are conifers, which live well in rooms, exude their coniferous aroma, heal the air and tone us up. In a pot culture, almost any conifers can be grown, especially miniature garden forms: thuja, junipers, cypresses and cypress trees, thueopsis, spruce, pine, etc.
They will need a bright place, humid air (a pallet with moistened expanded clay, sand, spraying), moderate watering, in winter the air temperature is about 12 ° C (this is the case on the windowsill). At the same time, the house always has a live "Christmas tree" for the New Year, and in the summer there is a forest corner on the balcony.
The modern design of office premises pleases the eye with the presence of live pot and tub plants, which creates a cozy and welcoming environment for both employees and visitors. At the same time, the microclimate is noticeably improved: the air in the premises is refreshed, humidified and aromatized.
It helps to avoid or at least reduce headaches, fatigue, dryness and inflammation of the mucous membranes. The simplest or most exotic flower plants adorn our habitat, improving mood and increasing efficiency, and this is already a lot.
How to provide the most favorable conditions for indoor plants? From childhood, everyone knows that plants need light, warmth and moisture for life.
Light, more precisely, sufficient illumination, is the main condition for the successful cultivation of indoor plants. Only in the light in green leaves the most complex biochemical processes of synthesis of substances necessary for the growth and development of plants take place.
In winter, the amount of natural light entering the rooms through the windows is very small. It is estimated that even through southern windows, plants receive just over 50% of the light they need. Already a meter from the window, the illumination is halved. In the depths of the room, at a distance of about four meters, there are simply no conditions for the existence of plants without artificial lighting.
Based on this, it is better to place views that require good lighting close to the window glass itself. Shade-tolerant flower plants will be able to winter at a distance of no more than a meter from the window. In this case, they are placed on various stands, flower stands, which must be equipped with special lamps with the "bio" brand for additional illumination of the plants.
The duration of the light period in the winter months should be at least 10-12 hours, of which about 6 hours are accounted for by additional lighting in the morning and evening. If the place for flowers is determined away from the window, then in winter they will need artificial lighting for all 12 hours a day.
A conventional incandescent light bulb does not provide adequate lighting for plants because most of its light is in the red spectrum. In addition, it gets very hot and can burn flowers.
Optimal is light that combines the blue and red parts of the spectrum. Such radiation is possessed by fluorescent lamps and high pressure lamps (mercury, metal halide or sodium). It is very important at what height the lamp is located: for flowering plants it is 15-30 cm, for decorative deciduous plants - 30-60 cm above their tops.
What plants to choose for a home garden? Of course, those that they like, but with an understanding of what conditions they need to be beautiful and healthy, and as far as possible to provide these conditions. From the point of view of natural light in rooms, the greatest freedom of choice of flower plants is given to us by windows facing southeast and east. Here, at any time of the year, the growing conditions are suitable for any species.
In winter, southern windows are preferable for all potted flowers, as they receive the most light and warmth, even from the rare, low sun. Southwest and west windows are not well lit in winter, so plants will need additional lighting. For northern windows, it is necessary to select shade-tolerant plants and take care of supplementary lighting.
Even without knowing the names, in appearance it is quite possible to determine that the plants are shade-tolerant. As a rule, they have dense leathery leaves with a rather dark color.
Many indoor plants are shade-tolerant: anthurium, araucaria, aspidistra, aucuba, Rex begonia and its other species, bilbergia, dracaena, clivia, arrowroot, monstera, muhlenbeckia, ophiopogon, palms (date, chamedorea, centia, etc.); ferns (maidenhair, asplenium, derbyanka, goniophlebium, leaflet, nephrolepis, cytomium, pteris, polypodium, pellea, platycerium, etc.), pittosporum, ivy, rodea, sanseviera, selaginella, sparmannia, strelitzia, scindescumdapus , ficus elastica, philodendron, fuchsia, chlorophytum, hoya (wax ivy), cyperus, cissus antarctic and others.
All of these species grow better in good lighting, but they completely put up with a lack of light and do not like to live in direct sunlight in spring and summer (then they need shading on the southern and western windows).
On the northern windows, with good care (this means timely and correct watering, top dressing, clean content from diseases and pests), it is possible to grow flowering plant species. Azaleas, Saintpaulias, semperflorence begonias, gracilis, etc., pelargonias, Thomson's clerodendron, fuchsias, chrysanthemums and even indoor roses grow and bloom here successfully.
Additional lighting of violets, fuchsias, chrysanthemums blooming in winter, of course, will benefit them. On the other hand, pelargoniums, fuchsias, roses are in a dormant period in winter, they need a low air temperature (10-12 ° C), rare watering in low light.
Most of them are light-loving flower plants, especially flowering ones. From the group of decorative deciduous - all types with brightly colored leaves and variegated garden forms and varieties. With a lack of light, the variegated patterns and stripes on the leaves turn pale and completely disappear, and the recently elegant plant becomes simply green, almost inconspicuous. But if you put it in a bright place or add artificial lighting, then pretty soon the bright colors will return, and the decorative effect will be restored.
E. Kuzmina, florist
The nuances of home floriculture.
Which plants are best to grow in which room
A mini-herb garden can be located not only on the windowsill, but also become a spectacular touch to the kitchen interior if the herb pots are placed on a vertical rack or a long shelf on the wall. A leaf of mint or savory each, brewed in a glass of boiling water, will fill the kitchen with scents that will help calm adults, and awaken the appetite of young children.
Whether to use greens for their intended purpose is a controversial question: the small size of our kitchens still contributes to the fact that soot and fat with fumes of cooking dishes settle on the leaves, and a completely bad "bloom" gives gas. It's another matter if you have an electric stove and a powerful hood. Where there is gas, such plants as liana scindapsus and chlorophytum perfectly clean the air from combustion products.
We often ventilate the kitchen; here it is worth keeping only those plants that are not afraid of drafts: these are begonias, hoya and such medicinal plants as aloe (agave) and Kalanchoe.
If you are prone to allergies, it is worth considering some of the nuances of home floriculture. It is better to choose plants that do not grow well in soil, but in hydroponics, since a moist substrate promotes the formation of mold spores. Plants such as aglaonema, dieffenbachia, croton, ficus, oleander are potentially allergenic. It is not recommended to grow pelargonium, as well as plants whose flowers have a scent.
Several plants in the bedroom significantly improve the microclimate and promote good sleep. The main benefit of them is air humidification: the mucous membranes do not dry out during sleep, the lungs breathe better, and in the morning we wake up well rested.
Better than others "work" for us in this regard, moisture-loving plants. The championship is held by cyperus, ferns, begonias, arrowroot, etc. For those who have respiratory problems, experts advise keeping a lemon tree in the bedroom, by the way, it also helps hypertensive patients, as well as those who suffer from cardiovascular diseases, to feel yourself better.
In this room we are going to relax with the whole family. Green tenants have two main functions. The first is to protect us from possible infections.
Antimicrobial effect is given by pelargonium, spotted begonias, oleander, ficus. The second function of plants in the living room is to create a good mood, to help you relax after a working day.
For this purpose, plants with lush, lush greenery, as well as flowering plants, are suitable, which relieve eye tension, soothe, facilitate breathing, filling the air with phytoncides.
The choice is large - from a giant monstera to miniature roses, cyclamens, azaleas, graceful orchids, chefs.
Poisonous indoor plants are dangerous not only for children, but also for adults. Therefore, check your windowsills for the following types of plants:
- Alocasia. All parts of it are extremely poisonous.
Tropical plant alocasia - poisonous to humans
- Azalea (see photo). Its leaves contain toxic substances - glycoside and andromedotoxin. Other parts of the plant are also poisonous. Swallowing them is deadly.
Azalea bonsai. Unfortunately, it is toxic if it enters the digestive tract, so move it as far as possible from places where children can access
- Anthurium. The juice of this plant contains a strong poison.
- Clivia. It contains lycorin, which can provoke paralysis.
Bright red anthurium. Poisonous, keep it away from children and animals
Clivia juice, like a number of other flowers from the Amaryllidaceae family, contains the alkaloid licorine
Monstera looks very majestic. If at home it can harm children and pets, then there are no warnings in the office for its content.
Croton from the extensive Euphorbia family
- Oleander (see photo). It also contains poison. The sap of this plant can even provoke loss of vision, and the scent of such beautiful flowers can cause dizziness. No wonder, according to a Greek legend, wives put this flower near the plates of their unfaithful husbands, hinting that next time it would be in their soup.
The smell of oleander can make you dizzy. Caution: the juice is dangerous for the eyes
- Poinsettia. Dangerous for its poisonous milky juice. So, if you cut off poinsettia leaves, then they will emit a poisonous white juice that can provoke burns.
Poinsettia, like celandine, is dangerous because of its juice
Many of these plants, in addition to being poisonous, are also highly allergenic.
What plants are suitable for a nursery
By the age of three, the baby already understands and realizes everything, so you can explain to him how to care for the plants, and also give him the opportunity to transplant flowers with you.There are plants that kill toxins, absorb dust, have a calming effect on the nervous system, and release oxygen. It is these plants that should settle in a child's room.
It is better to put useful plants that produce phytoncides in the baby's room. These substances prevent the development of pathogens. Scarlet, Kalanchoe, citrus fruits, mint and other plants are suitable for these purposes. Cyclamen will help parents if the child is capricious. This plant calms the nervous system, and children become more docile and obedient. Rosemary will help children who often suffer from respiratory diseases.
You should be very careful when picking plants for your nursery. It is important to keep your plants simple. It is desirable without the use of fertilizers, which may have a harmful effect. Place flower pots within easy reach for your child to care for. And at first, be sure to monitor the child's reaction to a new plant.
What flowers cannot be kept at home?
When creating coziness or a certain design in your apartment or house, you cannot do without indoor plants, when choosing which people are most often guided by their appearance, flowering and care features. But a flower that is not always suitable in appearance can be grown at home. Not everyone knows which plants cannot be kept at home and for what reasons.
In this article, we will get acquainted with flowers that cannot be kept at home.
There are several reasons why some plants are forbidden to grow at home:
- harm human health
- according to folk signs
- negative impact on human energy according to the philosophy of feng shui.
It has long been known that there are poisonous indoor plants, the juice of which is dangerous for humans and their pets, causing burns and food poisoning. That is why you cannot keep dieffenbachia, oleander, ivy, adenium, ficus, monstera, philodendron, begonia and other plants from the families of kutra, aralia, euphorbia and solanaceous plants at home.
Sometimes plants cause people, after spending the night with them in the same room, to get up with a headache or suffer from insomnia due to lack of oxygen or strong odor. This negative impact on a person explains why they say that it is impossible to keep at home, especially in the bedroom, ferns, lilies, orchids, geraniums, hydrangeas. But this problem can be solved by placing these indoor flowers in a well-ventilated area.
What do folk signs warn about?
Folk wisdom, based on the centuries-old experience of our people, explains to us why it is impossible to keep cacti, palms, ivy and other climbing plants at home.
- Cactus... Regarding the maintenance of their house, there are several signs at once: that the husband will become a drunkard and that the girl will not marry successfully.
- Climbing plants. According to popular wisdom, men will not stay in the house where they are, or the hostess will not have a long family life.
- Palm. They say that if you were given this beautiful, large and unusual plant, then you cannot bring it into your house, otherwise there will be great grief.
According to the teachings of Feng Shui, for any flower to be beneficial, not harmful, it must be in the right place and correspond to the person's zodiac sign. So, for example, asparagus, ferns, palms, chlorophytums are suitable for Gemini, and for Capricorn - dracaena, conifers, various types of ficus and fatty.
But there are plants that are always considered harmful:
- curly leads to a loss of energy of health and love
- Tradescantia causes concern for the owners of the house
- Wax ivy is a conduit for energy vampires
- the orchid leads to constant fatigue and depression, but it can be placed in corridors and hallways
- cactus adds aggression to the home energy and creates an imbalance
- the monster is considered an "energy vampire", although a short stay with her helps to make important decisions.
But regarding the Chinese rose (hibiscus), experts disagreed: some say that it is impossible to keep at home, as it "draws" vital energy from a person, while others, on the contrary, - which fills with vigor and helps to get out of depression. Knowing which flowers you can't keep at home, it's up to you whether to start these plants or not. Most people believe that any indoor flowers are beneficial and can be grown in living quarters, but only they must be properly cared for and adhere to the rule of placing a moderate, even small number of them in rooms.
Plants not worth keeping at home
There are a number of indoor plants that are not suitable for the home. This is due to the fact that they emit toxic substances that can be dangerous to animals or humans.
There is also a lot of controversy about which plants carry negative energy. In this case, we can say that everything is individual, and opinions about positive or negative energy can be subjective.
In addition, the aforementioned plants secrete poisonous juice only if they are broken, and the juice is harmful when consumed internally. That is, if there are no children or animals in the house, but you like the flower, you can start it.
In general, it is best to focus on your own taste and sense of pleasure. Useful indoor plants serve not only to clean the air, but also to create a harmonious and cozy atmosphere.