Detailed description and characteristics of the variety of cabbage gift
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Only that gardener who will responsibly treat all the requirements of a certain variety can get a good harvest of cabbage in autumn. Gift variety cabbage is an unpretentious plant that will allow you to enjoy the harvest until spring.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Growing any cabbage requires little effort, but proper care is essential. Gardeners stop their choice on a gift variety due to its characteristics: unpretentiousness, resistance to diseases and resistance even in late spring frosts, the absence of cracked heads of cabbage. It can be planted in any regions of Russia.
Dense, rounded or slightly flattened white forks weigh up to five kilograms. Externally, a gray-green head of cabbage in the cut will be greenish white. The rosette is large, it can reach a diameter of up to one meter. Leaves are slightly raised, spreading, smooth with a waxy coating. There is a slight waviness along the edge.
A high yield can be obtained when planting on loamy or clayey soils. If the soil is acidic, growth will be poor. Requires a lot of sunlight, with a lack of it, loose forks with small leaves are formed.
Positive qualities and disadvantages of the gift
There are no shortcomings regarding this type of cabbage. There are only a few essential requirements in care: abundant watering, fertile and pest protection. We list a description of the advantages of the gift variety, thanks to which gardeners appreciate it:
- The ability to grow in any region of Russia.
- Frost resistance and heat resistance.
- Resistance to various types of diseases.
- No cracking.
- Long shelf life up to five months.
- It tolerates transportation well, keeping its presentation.
- High productivity.
- Suitable for pickling and fermentation.
Like any other cabbage, the gift is not protected from attack by caterpillars, so you need to devote time to examining the leaves as often as possible.
Planting and soil requirements
It will be good to place in place such predecessors as nightshades. These include tomatoes and potatoes, peppers and eggplants, pumpkin or legumes, and onions. Growing is more efficient through seedlings. An open ground transplant is performed on the fiftieth day.
Since it is impossible to get the best cabbage harvest on acidic soil, this indicator must be reduced. You can reduce the acidity of the soil by adding ash during planting, pouring it into a hole or on the surface of the earth. You can also achieve a reduction in any alkaline fertilizers.
In the spring, at the junction of April and May, you can start sowing seedlings at home or even immediately in open ground under a shelter, only in both cases the rules and recommendations will be different.
The planting scheme for growing seedlings is 5 * 5 centimeters, not more than 1.5 centimeters deep. The first shoots can be seen after a week. It is easy to understand that the sprout is ready to move to open ground. If the number of real leaves reaches five pieces, then you can safely send them to the beds. On average, such a sight can be seen on the forty-fifth day.
Before planting, the seedlings must be hardened to withstand spring frosts. To do this, you need to leave it outdoors for a couple of days (and nights too).
Sowing in open ground is risky, but still possible if the gardener takes care of shelter for the first time. The scheme will be similar to planting seedlings in the soil: 60 * 60 centimeters. You can prepare a place for cabbage in various ways. For example, landing in shallow trenches will allow the water not to spread during irrigation, the moisture will last longer.
Top dressing, hilling, loosening the soil along with weeding and watering will allow you to collect a rich crop, which can reach up to 10 kilograms per square meter of land. If the stem of the fruit begins to stretch, it may lose its taste and density of the head.
Loosening should be done periodically, once a week, on wet soil. The loosening depth is five centimeters. Hilling can be started three weeks after planting in the garden.
Watering is required thoroughly, especially in the first two weeks - every two to three days. At least seven liters of water per square meter of land must be consumed at a time.
Top dressing is an individual matter, and if the gardener prefers to avoid adding chemicals to the soil, then she will be right. This measure is not obligatory, but it brings good results. "Effekton" will provide a quick set of the green mass of forks. Starting from the twentieth day after the transplant, and then three or four more times for the entire time, you need to use half a liter of the ready-made solution for one fork. The solution is prepared according to the scheme: two tablespoons of the product for ten liters of water. As a second feeding, you can use half a liter of mullein or bird droppings, diluted in ten liters of water. You can also add a Kemir spoon here.
Diseases and their prevention
Despite the fact that the variety is highly resistant to various types of diseases, it is still worth knowing how to contribute to a speedy recovery and their prevention. Spraying with a solution of ash, tomato or tobacco, garlic.
Cruciferous fleas are small bugs and larvae that gnaw veins on leaves. Affected leaves dry up and die. Their appearance can be prevented by timely destruction of weeds, irrigation by sprinkling.
Tomatoes, garlic or onions next to the cabbage will help prevent most infections.
The cabbage fly lays its eggs on the ground close to the stem in late May and early June. If they are not removed within six days, the hatched larvae will damage the roots and eat them around, which will lead to the death of the plant. To prevent their spread, you need to sprinkle the soil around the seedlings with ash, black pepper or tobacco dust, and then introduce it into the soil by loosening.
Snails and slugs damage not only the ground, but also the underground part of the plant. You can determine the cause of the lesion by the dried mucus and the leaves eaten by them. A mixture of mustard, ash, ground pepper and table salt in the amount of two tablespoons for each ingredient, diluted in half a liter of water, you need to spray the soil between the forks. Better to do this on a hot and sunny day. And in the evening, carry out the procedure by sprinkling the heads of cabbage themselves.
The cabbage whiteworm or scoop will lay eggs constantly, and the best factor in dealing with it is to frequently inspect the underside of the leaves. In order to save the plant from damage, you need to water it with a solution of two glasses of ash in ten liters of boiling water and one tablespoon of liquid soap.
Fruit ripeness is reached on the 125th day from the moment of the first shoots. September - October is the best period for removing surebets. The versatility of the variety allows you to use it fresh throughout the winter, prepare salted or sauerkraut for the winter. One hundred grams of the product contains from 26 to 41 milligrams of ascorbic acid.
High yield and unpretentiousness in the process of growing the Podarok variety attract gardeners. Compliance with the rules of care and prevention of diseases will allow you to enjoy tasty and juicy cabbage from your own garden until spring.
Gift - a variety known for more than half a century. It was obtained at the Gribovskaya selection station of garden plants, which is now part of the Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing. Included in the State Register in 1961 and approved for cultivation in all regions of the Russian Federation. Despite the great competition, the variety is now successfully grown both in private and in farms.
Variety Gift of medium late ripening: from the moment of emergence of the first shoots to reaching technical maturity, it takes from 114 to 134 days. It has a stable and high yield, which ranges from 582 to 910 c / ha, and the maximum recorded yield was 100 tons.
Table: characteristics of the cabbage variety Gift
|Head shape||Rounded flat to rounded|
|Average mass||2.6-4.4 kg|
|Internal stump||Middle length|
|Cover leaf||Wrinkled, slightly wavy|
|Wrapper color||Gray-green with a waxy bloom|
|Dry matter content||8,2—10,5%|
|Ascorbic acid content||26-41 mg per 100 g of raw material|
Cabbage has a high taste both fresh and sauerkraut. According to some sources, the heads of this cabbage are resistant to cracking. Good transportability, shelf life 6-7 months. There is no evidence of resistance or propensity to disease.
Varieties of cabbage Slava
There are two varieties of cabbage under one name. They differ in serial number: Slava 1305 and Slava Gribovskaya 231. There are minor differences between the characteristics of the varieties.
The variety was bred in 1940 by the breeder I. Popova. Recommended for cultivation throughout Russia.
Ready to harvest 125 days after sowing. An unpretentious variety, not afraid of frost, resistant to diseases.
Note! Forks may crack if delayed. To keep the heads of cabbage intact, mature plants rotate around their axis, tearing the roots. The flow of nutrients to the head of cabbage is stopped and the forks do not crack.
The plant forms rounded forks up to 25 cm in diameter and up to 5 kg in weight. Leaves are light green on the cut, white juicy. The density of the head of cabbage is average. Productivity up to 12 kg from 1 m².
White cabbage Slava 1305 is used not only for pickling and fresh consumption, but also for storage. Under suitable conditions, the forks can be stored without deterioration for up to 3 months.
Slava Gribovskaya 231
The harvest of this variety of white cabbage is harvested 12-15 days earlier than Slava 1305.
The head of Slava Gribovskaya is small, dense, weighing up to 4 kg (usually 2.5-3 kg). The leaves surrounding the head are of a rich emerald color with a wavy edge. 5.5-9 kg of cabbage are harvested from 1 m² of the garden.
Slava Gribovskaya 231 grows on all types of soil, disease resistant. Heads of cabbage can be stored for up to 5 months.
- On average, a head of cabbage weighs 3-5 kg.
- The forks are rounded, slightly flattened.
- Dense when fully ripe.
- Leaves are raised, spreading.
- The inner and outer stump reaches 20 cm in length.
- Forks in the context of a greenish-white color.
- Versatile in application.
- Ideal for pickling and pickling.
- Possesses good keeping quality. When the necessary conditions are created, it is stored for 7 months. It is best to store forks hanging in a basement with their heads down. The main thing is that the heads of cabbage do not come into contact with each other.
- Excellent taste and presentation.
- The leaves gain a lot of fructose and sucrose, therefore they have a sweet taste.
Mid-season cabbage should be planted in open ground at the end of May. You have to choose the right seat before boarding. If you live in southern latitudes, and already in April, constant warm weather is established in your region, then you can sow cabbage seeds directly into open ground. Several seeds are planted in the prepared holes at once. At night, the area with plantings must be covered with foil.
If planting is planned with seedlings, then you need to prepare the place and soil for such work. Choose a sunny area without close-planted trees. It is better to prepare the site in the autumn, add several buckets of manure or humus to the soil. It is necessary to use mineral fertilizers, but only in 2 doses. In the fall, use phosphorus-potassium agents, and in the spring, nitrogen, which will accelerate the growth of your plantings.
More details about cabbage varieties in the video:
Choosing a landing site
Mid-season cabbage is planted in open ground at the end of May, but before that, you should prepare the soil and choose the right place.
If the climate allows and stable warm weather is established in April, then sowing seeds can be done directly into the soil. Having previously prepared the pegs and the film, the seeds are thrown into small holes 2-3 pieces each, and as they grow, they are thinned out. Before strong shoots appear, the sown area should be covered with foil overnight.
If the cabbage "gift" (characteristic, reviews about it speak about it directly) are planted in open ground with seedlings, then you should first prepare the place and soil.
The location should be sunny, away from trees, fences and anything that might provide shade. If a plot for cabbage is prepared in the fall, then it must be dug up, having previously added 4-5 kg of manure or 2.5-3 kg of humus.
Mineral fertilizers are used in two steps. In the fall, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied to the soil, and in the spring nitrogen fertilizers are poured into the holes shortly before planting seedlings.
Late varieties of white cabbage
Late varieties are high-yielding, with excellent taste characteristics, suitable for long-term storage and consumption, as well as for fermentation and canning. Such cabbage is most often found on store shelves in winter.
Aggressor grade heads weigh from 3 to 4.5 kg. The upper leaves are curly, with a small amount of waxy coating, dark green in color with a bluish tinge. In the context, the cabbage is white, sometimes slightly yellowish. The ripening period lasts about 120 days. Productivity - 5-8 kg / 1 m². The "Aggressor" variety is hybrid, relatively new. It was bred in Holland in 2003. It got its name for its resistance to diseases and pests. This type does not crack during storage and transportation.
Cabbage Gingerbread Man
It takes about 160 days from the moment of planting to harvesting the Kolobok variety. The leaves are dark green, smooth, covered with waxy spots. The heads are juicy and dense, round, weighing up to 4.5 kg. Productivity - up to 12 kg / m². The variety is universal, as it is suitable for storage, processing, fresh consumption. It became widespread in 2004. Suitable for machine assembly due to the uniformity of the heads.
Cabbage Snow White
Cabbage of this variety ripens in 145-165 days. The heads are round, slightly flattened, weighing from 2 to 3 kg. Productivity of 1 m² - from 5 to 8 kg. Do not deteriorate during transportation and long-term storage. The variety is rightfully considered one of the most useful, it is recommended for cooking for children.
As they gain experience, each gardener finds the best varieties of cabbage for himself. Therefore, do not be afraid to experiment and try to grow new varieties, and among them you will definitely find the right options.